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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Arabia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Arabia

Byzantine Palestina III, Petraean-Early Byzantine Oil Lamp, c. 325 - 520 A.D.

|Oil| |Lamps|, |Byzantine| |Palestina| |III,| |Petraean-Early| |Byzantine| |Oil| |Lamp,| |c.| |325| |-| |520| |A.D.|,
Grawehr writes, "...firstly, lamps of this period were produced with great care and are well fired; they were of far better quality than their predecessors of the 3rd century A.D. Secondly, one single type - the Petraean-Early Byzantine lamp - is clearly dominating, and thirdly, this type is concentrated in a relatively small area east of the Wadi Arabah between Wadi Mujib and the Red Sea." He further notes that the quality attests to an upswing in the regional economy, but the distribution indicates increasing regionalism.
AL21909. Petraean-Early Byzantine Oil Lamp; Grawehr type L, 504 (very similar, Petra, Ez Zantur III, 325-520 A.D.); 8.7 cm long, 6.0 cm wide, Choice, intact, tiny chip in fill hole edge, small chip in shoulder (visible in photo), c. 325 - 520 A.D.; red clay, cream slip, mold-made, thin walled, piriform body, single rim around wick hole, double rim around large filling hole, very small knob handle, lines on nozzle radiating from wick hole the outer lines ending in a spiral, curved lines radiating from filling hole on shoulders, ring base, maker's mark VV on bottom below the handle; $280.00 SALE |PRICE| $252.00


Byzantine Palestina III, Petraean-Early Byzantine Oil Lamp, c. 325 - 520 A.D.

|Oil| |Lamps|, |Byzantine| |Palestina| |III,| |Petraean-Early| |Byzantine| |Oil| |Lamp,| |c.| |325| |-| |520| |A.D.|,
Grawehr writes, "...firstly, lamps of this period were produced with great care and are well fired; they were of far better quality than their predecessors of the 3rd century A.D. Secondly, one single type - the Petraean-Early Byzantine lamp - is clearly dominating, and thirdly, this type is concentrated in a relatively small area east of the Wadi Arabah between Wadi Mujib and the Red Sea." He further notes that the quality attests to an upswing in the regional economy, but the distribution indicates increasing regionalism.
AL21907. Petraean-Early Byzantine Oil Lamp; Grawehr type L, 503 (nearly identical, Petra, Ez Zantur III, 325 - 520 A.D.), Zanoni 31; 8.7 cm long, 6.4 cm wide, Choice, complete and intact, encrustation, c. 325 - 520 A.D.; reddish clay, cream slip, mold-made, thin walled, piriform body, double rim around medium size filling hole, very small knob handle, lines on nozzle radiating from wick hole the outer lines ending in a spiral, pellets and and a wheel or star in circle on each shoulder, ring base with ornamental radiating lines; $180.00 SALE |PRICE| $162.00


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Bostra, Arabia

|Arabia|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Bostra,| |Arabia|, drachm
Bostra was the northern Nabataean capital, until Trajan annexed the kingdom. It was then capital of Provincia Arabia, where the Third Legio Cyrenaica was garrisoned. The emperor Philip was born in Bostra and designated it a metropolis. This type was almost certainly struck with silver from the Nabatean treasury. Some specimens appear to have been overstruck on Nabatean drachms.
RP92423. Silver drachm, cf. Metcalf Tell Kalak 15 - 17; Sydenham Cappadocia 184, 185, 189 (Caesarea); BMC Galatia p. 54, 62 var. (Caesarea, no drapery); SNG Cop, VF, fantastic bold "caricature" portrait, dark old cabinet tone, slightly off center, light marks, edge crack, weight 3.082 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 210o, Bostra (Bosra, Syria) mint, Jan 112 - Aug 114 A.D.; obverse AYTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIAN CEB ΓEPM ∆AK, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞ Iς (or Z, or H) YΠAT ς (holder of Tribunitian power for 16 (or 17, or 18) years, consul for the 6th time), Arabia standing facing, head left, branch in right, bundle of cinnamon sticks in left, camel left in background on left; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00


Roman Arabia, Gerasa, Decapolis (Jerash, Jordan), Jerash Oil Lamp, c. 70 - 150 A.D.

|Oil| |Lamps|, |Roman| |Arabia,| |Gerasa,| |Decapolis| |(Jerash,| |Jordan),| |Jerash| |Oil| |Lamp,| |c.| |70| |-| |150| |A.D.|,
Jerash, Jordan is north of the national capital Amman. Inhabited since the Bronze Age, itís known for the ruins of the walled Greco-Roman city Gerasa just outside the modern city. The historian Josephus mentions the city as being principally inhabited by Syrians, but also having a small Jewish community. "Jerash lamps" parallel the very similar Jewish "Daroma" lamps" of Judaea. A large group of "Jerash lamps" was found in a potters shop excavated in Jerash, hence the name. Some Jerash lamps have been found in Israel, at Beit-Guvrin, Nazareth, Caesarea, and other sites. Usually the nozzle is decorated with a fig or grape leaf, decorations on the shoulders vary but floral and geometric patterns are most common. Jerash lamps are most easily identified when they have a red slip is carelessly splashed on the upper half. Gerasa
AL93897. Jerash Oil Lamp, cf. Adler 3.4, 356; Schloessinger 391; Baily BMC -; 8.9 cm (3 1/2") long; 5.7 cm (2 1/4") wide, near Choice, a few bumps, ornamentation a little weak with details obscure, light deposits, c. 70/75 - 150 A.D.; mold made, fine buff-brown clay, red slip "carelessly splashed" on the upper half, round body, bow shaped nozzle, knob handle, flat low disk base, ornamented with a leaf(?) on the nozzle, a bunch of grapes and grape leaves on each side of the curved shoulders; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Petra, Arabia

|Decapolis,| |Arabia| |&| |Syria|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.,| |Petra,| |Arabia|, AE 25
UNESCO describes Petra as "one of the most precious cultural properties of man's cultural heritage." The BBC selected Petra as one of "the 40 places you have to see before you die."
RP84854. Bronze AE 25, Spijkerman 32, Rosenberger 19, SGICV 2281, SNG ANS -, VF, attractive earthen fill, weight 10.019 g, maximum diameter 24.9 mm, die axis 0o, Petra mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; obverse AV K Λ CEΠT CEOYHPOC IN ΠEP CEB (or similar), laureate bust right; reverse METPOΠOΛIC A∆PIAN ΠETRA, Tyche seated left on rock, turreted and veiled, right hand extended and open, trophy over shoulder in left; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Rabbathmoba-Areopolis, Provincia Arabia

|Roman| |Arabia|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.,| |Rabbathmoba-Areopolis,| |Provincia| |Arabia|, AE 27
Rabbathmoba, probably the Biblical Ir-Moab, was conquered by Alexander Jannaeus. Its ruins are 18 kilometers north of Kerak in Jordan.
RP84127. Bronze AE 27, Sofaer 5; Spijkerman p. 264, 8; cf. Rosenberger IV 1-3 (bust and legend variations, etc.); SNG ANS 1414 (same), VF, no patina, weight 6.492 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rabbathmoba-Areopolis mint, obverse AVT KAIC Λ CEΠ - CEOVHPOC ΠEB, laureate bust right; reverse RABBAΘM-WBHNWN APHC, cult statue of Ares standing facing in military dress, sword erect in right hand, spear and round shield in left hand, on platform with four legs set on base; rare; $40.00 SALE |PRICE| $36.00







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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol III, Part 2. (London, 1926).
Hendin, David. Guide to Biblical Coins. (Amphora, 2010).
Hill, G.F. Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum: Arabia, Mesopotamia and Persia. (London, 1922).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of the Southern Levant: Phoenicia, Southern Koile Syria (Including Judaea), and Arabia, Fifth to First Centuries BC. HGC 10. (Lancaster, PA, 2010).
Hoover, O. and R. Barkay. "Important Additions to the Corpus of Nabataean Coins since 1990" in Huth CCK. (New York, 2010).
Huth, M. Coinage of the Caravan Kingdoms, Ancient Arabian Coins from the Collection of Martin Huth. ACNAC 10. (New York, 2010).
Kindler, A. The Coinage of Bostra. (Oxford, 1983).
Lindgren, H. and F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coinage of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Meshorer, Y. City-Coins of Eretz Israel and the Decapolis in the Roman Period. (Jerusalem, 1985).
Meshorer, Y. Nabataean Coins. Qedem 3. (Jerusalem, 1975).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins: the Ancient and Classical World. (London, 1978).
Munro-Hay, S.C. ?Coins of Ancient South Arabia? in NC 154 (1994).
Munro-Hay, S.C. ?Coins of Ancient South Arabia II? in NC 156 (1996).
Nicolet-Pierre, H. "ThionŤsis, roi de CharacŤne (25/24-20/19 ou 19/18 avant J.-C.)" in Revue Numismatique 6e sťr. 20. (1978).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Schmitt-Korte, K. "Nabatean Coinage - Part II. New Coin Types and Variants" in NC 150. (New York, 1990).
Schmitt-Korte, K. and Price, M. "Nabatean Coinage - Part III. The Nabatean Monetary System" in NC 154. (New York, 1994).
Spijkerman, A. The Coins of the Decapolis and Provincia Arabia. (Jerusalem, 1978).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).
van Alfen, P. "A Die Study of the Eastern Arabian Abiel Coinage" in Coinage of the Caravan Kingdoms. (New York, 2010).
van Alfen, P. "A New Athenian "Owl" and Bullion Hoard from the Near East" in AJN 16 - 17 (2004-2005).

Catalog current as of Saturday, February 22, 2020.
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Arabia