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Crusaders, County of Edessa, Baldwin II, 1100 - 1118
Baldwin II was count of Edessa, 1100 - 1118, and king of Jerusalem, 1118 - 1131. He fought in the first crusade, including the capture of Bethlehem and Jerusalem. He was an incessant warrior under whom Latin domination in the East reached its greatest expanse, the crusaders controlled and took tolls on the most important trade routes, and the power of Crusaders reached its utmost height. ME65324. Bronze follis, Slocum Collection, lot 170 (part of); cf. Malloy Crusaders 1b (Baldwin I, heavy series, letters in angles); Metcalf Crusades -, VF, nice desert patina, overstruck on polygonal clipped follis, weight 4.489 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 0o, County of Edessa mint, c. 1110 - 1118; obverse IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ), nimbate bust of Christ facing, holding book of Gospels; reverse thin cross, wedge in each angle, BΛ∆N around with one letter at the end of each arm of the cross (a cruciform monogram); "The John Slocum Collection of Coins of the Crusades" Sotheby's Catalogue 1997 - part of lot 170; unique(?); SOLD
Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Tancred, Regent, March 1101 - May 1103 and Late 1104 - December 1112
Tancred, a Norman leader of the 1st Crusade, became Prince of Galilee and regent of the Principality of Antioch when his uncle Bohemund was taken prisoner. He later took the County of Edessa when Baldwin II was captured, but Baldwin was released, defeated him and took it back. Tancred was made regent of Antioch again when Bohemund went to Europe to recruit more Crusaders. Tancred refused to honor a treaty in of fealty to the Byzantine Emperor, making Antioch independent, and ruled until his death in a typhoid epidemic.CR67639. Bronze follis, Metcalf 63 - 70, Malloy Crusaders 4a, VF, weight 2.652 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 1104 - 1112 A.D.; obverse bearded facing bust of Tancred, wearing turban and chain armor, sword in right; reverse Cross pommee, fleuronnée at base; IC - XC / NI-KA (Jesus Christ Conquers) in angles; ex Pecunem & Gitbud & Naumann; SOLD
Sasanian Empire, Levantine Occupation, 610 - 629 A.D., Imitative of Heraclius with Heraclius Constantine
In 604, Khusro II personnally led the siege of Dara, Mesopotamia. Because they resisted, the inhabitants were slaughtered and everything of value was carried off to Persia. This warning was somewhat sufficient; other cities including Antioch (610), Emesa (611), and Damascus (613) surrendered under terms and opened their gates. When Jerusalem was taken in May 614, tens of thousands were massacred and the True cross was taken. In 619 when Alexandria surrendered after a long siege, the young men and monks were massacred. Evidence suggests, however, that Persians allowed the local adminstrations to resume control of these cities after the initial slaughter and looting. This type was likely struck by civic authorities for local use in one of the Levantine cities during the Sasanian Occupation.BZ65350. Bronze follis, Imitative of Heraclius with Heraclius Constantine; Pottier p. 140, 4, pl. XVI, AA3-4; CNG e-auction 217, 461, aVF, crude barbaric style, weight 13.560 g, maximum diameter 32.3 mm, die axis 135o, 610 - 629 A.D.; obverse NOCVΛ-PTCNC (or similar, blundered), two imperial figures standing facing in very crude style, each holding cruciform scepter in right, cross above center; reverse large M (40 nummi), ANN left, G/II right, ONIX in exergue (all N's reversed); unusual and rare; SOLD