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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |North Africa| ▸ |Carthage||View Options:  |  |  | 

Carthage

Carthage, located in North Africa on the Gulf of Tunis, established a hegemony over other Phoenician settlements throughout the Mediterranean, North Africa and what is now Spain. Carthage was in a constant state of struggle with the Roman Republic, which led to a series of conflicts known as the Punic Wars. The Third Punic War ended in the complete destruction of the city of Carthage, the annexation by Rome of all remaining Carthaginian territory, and the death or enslavement of the entire population of Carthage.Carthagian Empire Map

Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.

|Constantius| |I|, |Constantius| |I,| |May| |305| |-| |25| |July| |306| |A.D.||follis| |(large)|
The Latin reverse legend abbreviates, "Saluis Augustoris et Caesaribus Felicitas Karthago," meaning, "Blessed Carthage, the Salvation of the two Augusti and two Caesars." This coin refers to the good fortune provided by Carthage to the emperors. When the Nile floods were deficient and Egypt suffered scarcity, Roman ships importing wheat steered for Carthage, from which they brought back a sufficient supply to the eternal city. On this issue, the folles of the 'Jovian' rulers Diocletian and his Caesar Galerius have the letter I (= Iovi) in the reverse field, while those of the 'Herculian' rulers, Maximian and Constantius, have the letter H (= Herculi).
RT99303. Billon follis (large), RIC VI Carthago 32a, SRCV IV 14100, Cohen VI 271, Hunter V 40, gVF, nearly centered, flow lines, porosity, weight 10.143 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, as caesar, c. 299 - 303 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head (larger) right; reverse SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART (Blessed Carthage, the Salvation of the two Augusti and two Caesars), Carthage standing facing, head left, holding fruits in both hands, Γ in exergue; from a private collector in New Jersey; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00 ON RESERVE


Carthaginians in Sicily, 300 - 289 B.C.

|Carthage|, |Carthaginians| |in| |Sicily,| |300| |-| |289| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
At the height of its prominence, Carthage's influence extended over most of the western Mediterranean. Rivalry with Rome led to a series of conflicts, the Punic Wars. The Third Punic War ended in the complete destruction of the city, annexation by Rome of all Carthaginian territory, and the death or enslavement of the entire Carthaginian population.
SH33199. Silver tetradrachm, Jenkins Punic, Series 5a, 300 (O96/R248); SGCV II 6436; SNG Cop 90; HGC 2 295, Choice EF, toned, bold, weight 16.618 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 180o, Sicilian mint, obverse head of Herakles right, clad in lion's scalp; reverse horse's head left, palm tree behind, Punic legend AMHMHNTE (people of the camp) below; ex Ira & Larry Goldberg Auction 44, lot 3683 (price realized $4,300 plus fees); SOLD


Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, c. 310 - 290 B.C.

|Carthage|, |Carthage,| |Zeugitana,| |North| |Africa,| |c.| |310| |-| |290| |B.C.||stater|
Jenkins and Lewis report that Group V is 55% - 60% gold.
SH48870. Electrum stater, Jenkins-Lewis group V, 247 - 250, Choice VF, weight 7.493 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, c. 310 - 290 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit left, wreathed in grain, wearing necklace and triple-drop earring, pellet before neck; reverse horse standing right on double exergual line, near legs back, pellet before forelegs; light marks, tiny edge ding on the obverse at 12:00, some die wear; nicely struck and well centered on a full flan, beautiful horse!; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

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