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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Ionia| ▸ |Smyrna||View Options:  |  |  | 

Smyrna, Ionia

Smyrna was an ancient Greek city in Ionia. Located at a central and strategic point on the Aegean coast of Anatolia and aided by its advantageous port conditions, its ease of defense and its good inland connections, Smyrna rose to prominence before the Classical Era. Smyrna claimed to be the birthplace of the poet Homer. In Revelation 2:8-11, Smyrna, Ionia is the church that would suffer persecution. The core of the late Hellenistic and Roman Smyrna is preserved in the Izmir Agora Open Air Museum.

Smyrna, Ionia, c. 211 - 260 A.D.

|Smyrna|, |Smyrna,| |Ionia,| |c.| |211| |-| |260| |A.D.|, |AE| |24|
In the reverse legend Smyrna boast that has three neokoroi. A neocorate was a rank or dignity granted by the Roman Senate and the Roman Emperor to certain cities which had built temples to the Emperor or had established cults of members of the Imperial family. The city itself was referred to as neokoros (pl. neokoroi). A temple dedicated to the emperor was also called neocorate. There were approximately 37 cities that held a neocorate at one time or another, but holding three was rare.
RP88968. Bronze AE 24, Klose XXI, p. 201, 33 (VS16/R19); SNG Cop 1321 (same dies); SNGvA 2191 (same dies); BMC Ionia p. 264, 237; RPC VII 325; SNG Tubingen -, gF, porosity, earthen deposits, weight 5.821 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 180o, Smyrna (Izmir, Turkey) mint, c. 211 - 260 A.D.; obverse IEPA CV - N KΛHTOC, youthful draped bust of Senate right; reverse CMVPNAIΩ-N Γ NEΩK,OPΩN (last four letters in exergue, 3 neokoroi), tetrastyle temple, inside standing figure of Tyche with rudder in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, O in pediment; ex Gerhard Rohde; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00
 


Vespasian Junior, 95 - 96 A.D., Smyrna, Ionia

|Smyrna|, |Vespasian| |Junior,| |95| |-| |96| |A.D.,| |Smyrna,| |Ionia|, |AE| |17|
Vespasian Junior was the son of Flavius Clemens, Domitian's cousin and co-consul in 95 A.D. He was renamed Vespasian Junior when he was designated as Domitian's successor.The only coins of Vespasian Junior are this type, struck at Smyrna Ionia.
SH62518. Orichalcum AE 17, RPC II 1028, BMC Ionia 319, VF, weight 2.322 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, Smyrna (Izmir, Turkey) mint, 95 - 96 A.D.; obverse OYECΠACIANOC NEΩTEPOC, bare-headed bust of Vespasian the Younger right; reverse ΣMYPNAIΩN, Nike walking right, wreath in right hand, palm branch over left shoulder; very rare; SOLD


Vespasian the Younger, Caesar, 94 - 95 A.D., Smyrna, Ionia

|Smyrna|, |Vespasian| |the| |Younger,| |Caesar,| |94| |-| |95| |A.D.,| |Smyrna,| |Ionia|, |AE| |16|
In 94 A.D., because he had no heir, Domitian adopted his two young great-nephews. He renamed them Vespasian and Domitian. The next year he executed the boys' father, his cousin, Titus Flavius Clemens, and exiled the boys' mother, his niece, Flavia Domitilla. They were charged with Atheism, a charge sometimes applied to condemn converts to Judaism or Christianity. The boys then disappeared from history and their fate is unknown. Smyrna was the only city to strike coins in the name of Vespasian the Younger. No coins were struck for his brother.

Some scholars connect Domitilla with a Roman Matron in the Talmud (Avodah Zarah 10b) and the Deuteronomy Rabbah 2.25. When the emperor had decreed that in 30 days, the Senate would confirm an edict to kill all Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire, the Roman matron convinced her husband to stand up for the Jews. If that identification is correct, her husband Flavius Clemens converted to Judaism, after having contact with the great sage Rabbi Akiva. Flavia Domitilla is a saint in both the Greek Orthodox and the Roman Catholic Church.
SH83453. Bronze AE 16, Klose p. 244, 3, pl. 31 (V1/R1); RPC II 1028; SNG Cop 1360; SNGvA 2208; BMC Ionia p. 276, 320, gF/F, weight 2.790 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 0o, Smyrna (Izmir, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 94 - 95 A.D.; obverse OYOCΠACIANOC NEΩTEPOC, bare head right; reverse ZMYPNAIΩN, Nike standing right, wreath in extended right hand, palm frond over left shoulder in left hand; ex Solidus Numismatik, auction 7, lot 200; rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

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