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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Anatolia ▸ Ionia ▸ SmyrnaView Options:  |  |  | 

Smyrna, Ionia

Smyrna was an ancient Greek city in Ionia. Located at a central and strategic point on the Aegean coast of Anatolia and aided by its advantageous port conditions, its ease of defense and its good inland connections, Smyrna rose to prominence before the Classical Era. Smyrna claimed to be the birthplace of the poet Homer. In Revelation 2:8-11, Smyrna, Ionia is the church that would suffer persecution. The core of the late Hellenistic and Roman Smyrna is preserved in the Izmir Agora Open Air Museum.


Smyrna, Ionia, 2nd - 3rd Century A.D.

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Zeus had the title Akraios ("of the peak"), among others, at his shrine on Mt. Laphystion, in Boeotia, his mythical birthplace. Noble Thessalian youth went annually to worship Zeus Akraios dressed in ramskins, at his shrine on Mt. Pelion, in southeastern Thessaly. The remains of a temple appropriate for Zeus Akraios have been found at ancient Smyrna, on a height directly over the gulf (though by no means mountainous). It would have been an east facing temple, visible from afar, with ten Corinthian columns on its short side and perhaps twenty three on its longer side, with dimensions comparable to the Olympieion in Athens. The modern city of Izmir covers most traces of this temple and the other temples of ancient Smyrna.
RP88115. Bronze AE 19, BMC Ionia p. 258, 190 (same rev. leg. arrangement); SNG Cop 1290; SNGvA 2187; Weber -, aVF, well centered, porous, weight 3.766 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, Smyrna (Izmir, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 3rd century A.D.; obverse ZEVC AKPAIOC, head of Zeus Akraios ("of the peak" or "on the heights") right; reverse CMYPNA-I,ΩN (last two letters in exergue), prow of a war galley right, with acrostolium and ram; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; $100.00 (€85.00)
 


Britannicus, Son of Claudius and Messalina, b. 12 February 42 - d. 11 February 55 A.D., Smyrna, Ionia

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Most authorities attribute the obverse bust to Britannicus but RPC interprets it as Nero.
RB88156. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2476; BMC Ionia p. 270, 283; Lindgren-Kovacs 562; SNG Cop 1351; SNGvA 7995; Klose Smyrna XXXI, Fair, weight 3.653 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Smyrna (Izmir, Turkey) mint, 50 - 54 A.D.; obverse bare head right; reverse EΠI ΦIΛIΣTOY EIKA∆I/OΣ , (authorities Philistos and Eikadios), Nike flying right carrying trophy over shoulder; $60.00 (€51.00)
 


Vespasian Junior, 95 - 96 A.D., Smyrna, Ionia

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Vespasian Junior was the son of Flavius Clemens, Domitian's cousin and co-consul in 95 A.D. He was renamed Vespasian Junior when he was designated as Domitian's successor.The only coins of Vespasian Junior are this type, struck at Smyrna Ionia.
SH62518. Orichalcum AE 17, RPC II 1028, BMC Ionia 319, VF, weight 2.322 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, Smyrna (Izmir, Turkey) mint, 95 - 96 A.D.; obverse OYECΠACIANOC NEΩTEPOC, bare-headed bust of Vespasian the Younger right; reverse ΣMYPNAIΩN, Nike walking right, wreath in right hand, palm branch over left shoulder; very rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES

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Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
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Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber. (1922 - 1929).
Head, B. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Ionia. (London, 1892).
Imhoof-Blumer, F. Kleinasiatische Münzen. (Vienna, 1901 - 1902).
Klein, D. Sammlung von griechischen Kleinsilbermünzen und Bronzen, Nomismata 3. (Milano, 1999).
Klose, D.O.A. Die Münzprägung von Smyrna in der römischen Kaiserzeit. AMUGS X. (Berlin, 1987).
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Lindgren, H., & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coinage of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
MacDonald, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Hunterian Collection. (Glascow, 1899)
Milne, J.G. "The Autonomous Coinage of Smyrna" in NC 1923, 1927, and 1928.
Mionnet, T. E. Description de Médailles antiques grecques et romaines. (Paris, 1807-1837).
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Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Finland, The Erkki Keckman Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, Part II: Asia Minor except Karia. (Helsinki, 1999).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. (Istanbul, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 5: Tire Museum, Vol. 1: Roman Provincial Coins From Ionia, Lydia, Phrygia, etc. (Istanbul, 2011).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 7: Odemis Museum, Vol. 1: Roman Provincial Coins of Ionia, Lydia and etc. (Istanbul, 2012).
Thompson, M. "Posthumous Philip II Staters of Asia Minor" in Studia Naster (1982).

Catalog current as of Saturday, February 23, 2019.
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Smyrna