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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ TicinumView Options:  |  |  |   

Ticinum (Pavia), Italy

Ticinum was a municipality and an important military site (a castrum) under the Roman Empire. In 476, Odoacer defeated Flavius Orestes at Ticinum after a long siege. To punish the city for helping his rival, Odoacer destroyed it completely. After the Lombard's conquest, Pavia became the capital of their kingdom, 568 - 774. Dates of operation: c. 274 - 326 A.D. Mintmarks: T.


Numerian, February or March 283 - October or November 284 A.D.

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When Augustus ruled Rome, he was not called emperor or king, he was the Princeps, the "first of men." In the empire, the designated successors to the emperor were named caesar and also given the title Princeps Juventutis, the "first of youths." This is the origin of the English word prince, meaning the son of a monarch.
RB71623. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 8 (also 5th officina, unbroken rev. leg.), RIC V-2 366; Venra IV 418 (24 ex.); Pink VI-2 p. 24; SRCV III 12219; Cohen VI 76, Choice EF, excellent centering, much silvering, some porosity, weight 3.529 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, as caesar, Nov/Dec 282 - Feb/Mar 283 A.D.; obverse M AVR NVMERIANVS NOB C, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVT (to the Prince of Youth), Numerian walking left, baton in right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand, VXXI in exergue; $225.00 (191.25)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 278, Probus defeated the Alamanni, expelled the Franks from Gaul, reorganized the defenses on the Rhine, resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces of the Roman Empire, and adopted the titles of Gothicus Maximus and Germanicus Maximus.
RA76279. Silvered antoninianus, Pink VI-1, p. 63; RIC V-2 376 (S) var. (cuirass); Cohen VI 283 var. (same); Hunter IV 131 var. (same, and obv legend); SRCV III 11984 (same), Choice aEF, some mint luster, most silvering remains, fantastic heroic bust, light corrosion, weight 3.341 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 4 emission, 278 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), radiate bust left from behind, spear left in right hand, back bare but for balteus over right shoulder and rectangular Aegis shield with square corner in on left shoulder; reverse HERCVLI PACIF (to Hercules the pacifier), Hercules standing left, raising branch in extended right, club and Nemean Lion skin in left, VXXT in exergue; very rare; $185.00 (157.25)


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

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RT85652. Bronze denarius communis, RIC VI p. 283, 27a (R2), Cohen VI 547, SRCV IV 12849, gF, well centered, a little rough, edge cracks, weight 1.422 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 294 - 295 A.D.; obverse DIOCLETI-ANVS AVG, laureate head right ; reverse VTILITAS PVBLICA, Utilitas standing facing, head left, hands in drapery; very rare denomination, reverse type and coin; $160.00 (136.00)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 278, Probus defeated the Alamanni, expelled the Franks from Gaul, reorganized the Roman defenses on the Rhine and resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces. He adopted the titles Gothicus Maximus and Germanicus Maximus.
RA85002. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 435 corr. (also cuirassed), Hunter IV 112 corr. (same), Cohen VI 819, Pink VI-1 p. 61, Choice VF, nice portrait, much silvering on reverse, some light corrosion, weight 3.724 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 278 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), Virtus standing facing, helmeted head left, Victory in right hand, resting left hand on grounded spear and shield, QXXT in exergue; $125.00 (106.25)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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On 8 October 314, at the Battle of Cibalae, Constantine defeated Licinius near Colonia Aurelia Cibalae (modern Vinkovci, Croatia). Licinius was forced to flee to Sirmium and lost all of the Balkans except for Thrace. The two Augusti initiated peace negotiations, but they failed and they would not make peace until 1 March 317.
RL76327. Billon follis, Unlisted bust variety of a very rare type; RIC VII Ticinum 4 (R4) var. (head), SRCV IV 15258 var. (same), Cohen VII 139, Hunter V -, VF, well centered, light contact marks and corrosion, weight 3.147 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 313 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse MARTI CONSERVATORI (Mars the Protector), Mars standing right, helmeted, in military dress, reversed spear in right hand, left hand resting on grounded shield, PT in exergue; $120.00 (102.00)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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Securitas sits perfectly at her ease, clearly relaxed, having nothing to fear. Probus did much to increase security. He marched against the enemies of Rome in Gaul and Germany and left 400,000 barbarians dead in the field. The remaining barbarian tribes of the north were terrified to peace. Probus then attacked the Blemmyes near Egypt defeating them with tremendous slaughter. Knowing he was next, the king of Persia sued for peace and attempted to buy Probus' favor with splendid presents. Probus was feasting upon the most common food when the ambassadors were introduced. Without even casting his eyes upon them, he said that if their master did not give proper satisfaction to Rome, he would lay Persia as desolate and as naked as the crown of his head. As he spoke the Emperor took off his cap and showed the baldness of his head to the ambassadors. His conditions were gladly accepted by the Persian monarch.
RA87253. Billon antoninianus, Hunter VI 179 (also 6th officina), RIC V-2 573, Pink VI/1 p. 65, Cohen VI 611, cf. SRCV VI 12033 (bust and VIXXI), Choice VF, full circle centering, some silvering remains, small areas of light corrosion, weight 4.983 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 6th emission, 279 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRIT PERP (everlasting security), Securitas standing slightly left, head left, legs crossed, right hand on head, resting left arm on short column, ϖXXI in exergue; $120.00 (102.00)


Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

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Mars holds both the implements of war and the olive branch of peace. "Peace through strength" is an ancient phrase and concept implying that strength of arms is a necessary component of peace. The phrase has famously been used by many leaders from Roman Emperor Hadrian in the first century A.D., to Ronald Reagan in the 1980s.
RA84987. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3408 (96 spec.), RIC V-1 145, BnF XII 1681, La Venra 1565 - 1604, Gloucester 727, Maravielle 785, Hamburger Kunsthalle 1573, Choice VF, silvering, well centered, some light corrosion, weight 4.335 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, issue 2, early ? June 276; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse MARTI PACIF (to Mars the peacemaker), Mars advancing left, wearing crested helmet and military dress, olive branch raised in right hand, transverse spear and oval shield in left hand, S in exergue; $110.00 (93.50)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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Ticinum was a municipality and an important military site (a castrum) under the Roman Empire. In 476, Odoacer defeated Flavius Orestes at Ticinum after a long siege. To punish the city for helping his rival, Odoacer destroyed it completely. After the Lombard's conquest, Pavia became the capital of their kingdom, 568 - 774.
RA87247. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V-2 547, Pink VI-1 p. 65, Cohen VI 399, SRCV IV -, Hunter III -, Choice EF, well centered and struck, much silvering, green and brown encrustations, weight 3.975 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, 5th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 6th emission, 2nd phase, 279 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right, wearing aegis, fold of paludamentum on left shoulder; reverse PAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing left, raising olive branch in extended right hand, transverse scepter in left hand, EXXI in exergue; $110.00 (93.50)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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The T in the mintmark serves both as the I in a mark of value (XXI = 20 parts bronze to 1 part silver, about 4.5% silver) and to indicate the mint (T = Ticinum).
RA76988. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 132; RIC V-2 387; Cohen VI 310; Pink VI-1 p. 63-64/4; cf. SRCV III 11988 (obv. leg, bust), gVF, some silvering, nice portrait, nice green patina, tight flan, weight 3.186 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, emission 4, 278 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVAT (to Jupiter the protector), Probus (on left) standing right, wearing military garb, eagle-tipped scepter in left hand, receiving with right hand globe form Jupiter, Jupiter (on right) standing left, nude but for cloak over shoulders, globe in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, VXXT in exergue; $90.00 (76.50)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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Jupiter or Jove, Zeus to the Greeks, was the king of the gods and god of the sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he is, therefore, the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome.
RS65188. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V-2 387, Cohen VI 311, EF, near full silvering, weight 3.376 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 278 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle with Medusa on chest, eagle-tipped scepter in right; reverse IOVI CONSERVAT (to Jupiter the protector), Probus standing right holding eagle-tipped scepter in left, receiving globe form Jupiter standing left holding long scepter vertical behind in left, VXXT in exergue; $60.00 (51.00)




  



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Ticinum