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Pan is usually represented in the form of a satyr, with goat's horns and a cloak of goat's skin, playing the Syrinx, or flute of seven pipes, and holding the pedum or pastoral staff. Pan was in love with the chaste nymph Syrinx. She sought help from her fellow river-nymphs and was transformed into reeds, a plant with a hollow stem. The reeds made a strong sound when the angry Pan was breathing upon them. He cut them and invented the syrinx (pan-flute).
|Pan is depicted in the pose of the life-size marble statue known as the Barberini Faun (Drunken Satyr) in the Glyptothek in Munich. A Faun is the Roman equivalent of a Greek Satyr. The position of the right arm over the head was a classical artistic convention indicating sleep. The statue is believed to have once adorned Hadrian's Mausoleum. The historian Procopius recorded that during the siege of Rome in 537 the defenders had hurled down upon the Goths the statues adorning Hadrian's Mausoleum. When discovered, the statue was heavily damaged; the right leg, parts of both hands, and parts of the head were missing. Johann Winckelmann speculated that the place of discovery and the statue's condition suggested that it had been such a projectile.|