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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Cappadocia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Cappadocia

Cappadocia is in eastern Anatolia, in the center of what is now Turkey. After ending Persian rule, Alexander the Great intended to rule Cappadocia through one of his military commanders, but Ariarathes, a Persian aristocrat, somehow made himself king of the Cappadocians. Ariarathes I was successful and extended the borders of the Cappadocian Kingdom as far as the Black Sea. After Alexander's death, Perdiccas designated Eumenes to rule the area. Ariarathes was defeated, captured and crucified, but due to Macedonian infighting Ariarathes' son recovered his inheritance. He left the kingdom to a line of successors, who mostly bore the name of the founder of the dynasty. Under Ariarathes IV, Cappadocia became an ally of Rome. The kingdom maintained independence until A.D. 17, when the Tiberius reduced Cappadocia to a Roman province.

Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariobarzanes I Philoromaios, c. 96 - 63 B.C.

|Cappadocian| |Kingdom|, |Cappadocian| |Kingdom,| |Ariobarzanes| |I| |Philoromaios,| |c.| |96| |-| |63| |B.C.|, |drachm|
Ariobarzanes I was a Cappadocian nobleman of obscure Persian descent. After the Roman Senate rejected the claims of Ariarathes IX, he was made king through a vote of Cappadocian citizens and with the support of the Roman consul Lucius Cornelius Sulla. He ruled a kingdom that was a Roman protectorate but was removed three separate times by Mithridates before not only securing but actually increasing his lands under Pompey in the Third Mithridatic War. He abdicated to make way for the rule of his son Ariobarzanes II.
GS87950. Silver drachm, Simonetta Collection 9, Simonetta 6, SNG Cop 927, SNG Berry 1326, Cohen DCA 460 (94/93 B.C.), HGC 7 846, BMC Galatia -, VF/F, well centered, toned, bumps and scratches, weight 4.146 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Mazaka-Eusebeia (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, c. 93 - 92 B.C.; obverse diademed head right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ APIBAPZANY ΦIΛPΩMAIY (King Ariobarzanes, friend of the Romans), Athena Nikephoros standing left, Nike extending wreath in right hand, left hand on grounded shield and spear, monogram inner left, monogram inner right, Γ (year 3) in exergue; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00


Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariobarzanes I Philoromaios, 96 - 63 B.C.

|Cappadocian| |Kingdom|, |Cappadocian| |Kingdom,| |Ariobarzanes| |I| |Philoromaios,| |96| |-| |63| |B.C.|, |drachm|
Ariobarzanes I was a Cappadocian nobleman of obscure Persian descent. After the Roman Senate rejected the claims of Ariarathes IX, he was made king through a vote of Cappadocian citizens and with the support of the Roman consul Lucius Cornelius Sulla. He ruled a kingdom that was a Roman protectorate but was removed three separate times by Mithridates before not only securing but actually increasing his lands under Pompey in the Third Mithridatic War. He abdicated to make way for the rule of his son Ariobarzanes II.
GS87952. Silver drachm, Simonetta 13a; Simonetta Collection 21b; SNGvA 6319; SNG Cop 149; Cohen DCA 460 (84/83 B.C.); HGC 7 846; BMC Cappadocia -, VF, toned, well centered, light marks, weight 4.108 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 0o, Mazaka-Eusebeia (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 83 - 82 B.C.; obverse diademed head right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ APIOBAPZANOY ΦIΛOPΩMAIOY (King Ariobarzanes, friend of the Romans), Athena Nikephoros standing left, Nike crowning name with wreath in Athena's right hand, left hand on grounded shield and spear behind, monogram inner left, IΓ (year 13) in exergue; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia

|Cappadocia|, |Commodus,| |March| |or| |April| |177| |-| |31| |December| |192| |A.D.,| |Caesarea,| |Cappadocia|, |didrachm|
Mount Erciyes (Argaios to the Greeks, Argaeus to the Romans) is a massive stratovolcano 25 km to the south of Kayseri (ancient Caesarea) in Turkey. The highest mountain in central Anatolia, with its summit reaching 3,916 meters (12,848 ft). It may have erupted as recently as 253 B.C., as may be depicted on Roman era coins. Strabo wrote that the summit was never free from snow and that those few who ascended it reported seeing both the Black Sea to the north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south in days with a clear sky.
RP87685. Silver didrachm, cf. RPC IV Online 10073; Metcalf Cappadocia 146a; SNGvA 6441; SNG Cop 250 var. (legends); Sydenham Cappadocia Supp. 370a var. (same); BMC Galatia -, aVF, frosty porous surfaces, bumps and marks, tine edge split, reverse legend ending in exergue is obscure, weight 3.343 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, COS III, 181 - 182 A.D.; obverse AYT M AYPH KOMO - ANTΩNINOC C, laureate head right; reverse UΠATOC Γ - ΠAT ΠA-[TP...(?)], Mount Argaios with rocks and trees, surmounted by Helios standing left on summit, globe in his right hand, long scepter in left hand; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00


Cappadocian Kingdom, Ariobarzanes I Philoromaios, 96 - 63 B.C.

|Cappadocian| |Kingdom|, |Cappadocian| |Kingdom,| |Ariobarzanes| |I| |Philoromaios,| |96| |-| |63| |B.C.|, |drachm|
Ariobarzanes I was a Cappadocian nobleman of obscure Persian descent. After the Roman Senate rejected the claims of Ariarathes IX, he was made king through a vote of Cappadocian citizens and with the support of the Roman consul Lucius Cornelius Sulla. He ruled a kingdom that was a Roman protectorate but was removed three separate times by Mithridates before not only securing but actually increasing his lands under Pompey in the Third Mithridatic War. He abdicated to make way for the rule of his son Ariobarzanes II.
GS87956. Silver drachm, Simonetta Collection 53b, Simonetta 38e; cf. BMC Galatia p. 40, 23 (date off flan); Cohen DCA 460 (71/70 B.C.); HGC 7 846; SNGvA -, aVF, well centered, toned, light marks and scratches, weight 4.138 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 0o, Mazaka-Eusebeia (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 68 - 67 B.C.; obverse diademed head right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ APIBAPZANY ΦIΛPΩMAIY (King Ariobarzanes, friend of the Romans), Athena Nikephoros slightly left, head left, Nike offering wreath in Athena's right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield with spear behind, monogram inner left, KH (year 28) in exergue; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia

|Cappadocia|, |Antoninus| |Pius,| |August| |138| |-| |7| |March| |161| |A.D.,| |Caesarea,| |Cappadocia|, |drachm|
Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, King of Cappadocia, 163 - 130 B.C. The last king of Cappadocia, King Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to honor Caesar Augustus upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.
RS93138. Silver drachm, RPC IV Online T6928 (8 spec.), Metcalf Cappadocia 120a, Sydenham Caesarea 299, BMC Galatia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, aVF, toned, flow lines, reverse legend weak, bumps, scratches, edge cracks, weight 2.441 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 139 A.D.; obverse AVTOKP ANTWNEINOC CEBACTOC, bare head right; reverse VΠATOC B (Cos. 2), Mt. Argaios surmounted by statue of Helios standing facing, nude, globe in right hand, long scepter in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


Eusebeia (Caesarea|), Cappadocia, Time of Archelaus, King of Cappadocia, c. 36 B.C. - 17 A.D.

|Cappadocia|, |Eusebeia| |(Caesarea|),| |Cappadocia,| |Time| |of| |Archelaus,| |King| |of| |Cappadocia,| |c.| |36| |B.C.| |-| |17| |A.D.|, |AE| |20|
Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, King of Cappadocia, 163 - 130 B.C. The last king of Cappadocia, King Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to honor Caesar Augustus upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.
GB67798. Bronze AE 20, SNGvA 6334, SGCV II 5703, SNG Cop 166 corr. (laureate head/fillets vice lion skin on club), BMC Galatia -, SNG Fitzwilliam -, F, weight 6.498 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Eusebeia-Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, c. 36 B.C. - 17 A.D.; obverse bare-headed bust of Herakles right, lion skin draped over shoulders; reverse EVΣE BEIAΣ, lion skin draped on club, monogram below; rare; $36.00 SALE |PRICE| $32.40


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia

|Members| |Auction| |Listed|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.,| |Caesarea,| |Cappadocia|, |hemidrachm|
Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, King of Cappadocia, 163 - 130 B.C. The last king of Cappadocia, King Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to honor Caesar Augustus upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.
MA95506. Silver hemidrachm, cf. Sydenham Caesarea 260; SNGvA 6414; SNG Cop 223; BMC Galatia p. 62, 146, aF/Fair, porous, tight flan, weight 1.612 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea mint, 121 - 122 A.D.(?); obverse AYTO KAIC TPAI A∆PIANOC CEBACT, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse Nike advancing right, holding wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand; $10.40 (9.57)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.|, |follis|
A comrade of Galerius, Licinius was made Augustus after abdication by Diocletian and Maximianus. After Maximinus II invaded his territories, Licinius defeated him. Over the years, relations with Constantine deteriorated, ending with Licinius' defeat. Intervention by Licinius' wife, Constantine's sister, spared his life for a short time, however, he was soon executed.
MA95474. Billon follis, Hunter V 143 (also 2nd officina), RIC VII Nicomedia 44 (R2), SRCV IV 15223, Cohen VII 74, Choice aVF, full legends, green patina with earthen highlighting, porosity, edge cracks, weight 2.427 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 321 - 324 A.D.; obverse IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing slightly left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders, Victory on globe presenting wreath in right hand, long eagle-topped scepter vertical in left hand, eagle standing left with wreath in beak at feet on left, in right field: X/IIΓ over bound bearded captive seated right and looking left, SMNB in exergue; $3.49 (3.21)







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REFERENCES|

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Mrkholm, O. "A Further Comment on the Coinages of Ariarathes VIII and Ariarathes IX" in Quaderni Ticinesi 4 (1975), pp. 109 - 138.
Mrkholm, O. "The Coinages of Ariarathes VI and Arirathes VII of Cappadocia" in SNR 57 (1978).
Mrkholm, O. "The Coinages of Ariarathes VIII and Arirathes IX of Cappadocia" in Essays Robinson (1968), pp. 241- 258, pl. 30 - 33.
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Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Galatia, Cappadocia, and Syria. (London, 1899).

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