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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Justinian Dynasty| ▸ |Maurice Tiberius||View Options:  |  |  | 

Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

Joint rule with Theodosius (his son), 29 March 590 - 22 November 602 A.D.
Maurice Tiberius, a successful general, was selected by Tiberius II Constantine as his successor. Although he achieved a favorable peace in Persia and was able to stem the losses of territory in Italy and Africa, much of the Balkans were lost. Focas, a junior officer, led a military revolt against Maurice and was declared emperor in November 602. Maurice and Theodosius, his son and co-emperor, were captured and murdered.
Map of Europe 600 A.D.


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This type was struck at Constantinople, Nicomedia and Cyzicus. Since Nicomedia and Cyzicus each only had two officinae, coins struck by officina Γ, ∆ and E must be from Constantinople. For the first two officina, comparing style is the only, and uncertain, method of differentiation between the mints.
BZ91869. Bronze half follis, DOC I 53b, Ratto 1068, Hahn MIB II 70D, SBCV 497, Wroth BMC -, Morrisson BnF -, Tolstoi -, aF, obverse a little off center, weight 6.058 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey)(?) mint, 589 - 590 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRC - TIbeR P P A (or similar), helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right, shield (ornamented with rider on horseback right) in left; reverse large K (20 nummi), A/N/N/O left, ςII (year 8) right, cross above, B (2nd officina) below; $30.00 (€27.00)
 


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In 583, Emperor Maurice decided to end the annual tribute to the Avars, a mounted people who have swept across Russia and threatened the Balkan Peninsula. They captured the cities of Singidunum (modern Belgrade) and Viminacium (Moesia).
BZ91870. Bronze follis, DOC I 22b, Tolstoi 70, Ratto 1036, Hahn MIB 65C, Sommer 7.20, SRCV 493, Morrisson BnF 7/Cp/AE/4 var. (3rd officina), Wroth BMC 28 var. (1st officina), aF, a little rough, uneven strike, edge split, weight 12.392 g, maximum diameter 30.1 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 583 - 584 A.D.; obverse D N mAV-RC PP AV, crowned and cuirassed bust facing, crown with cross, globus cruciger in right, shield in left; reverse large M (40 nummi) between ANNO and II (regnal year 2), cross above, B (2nd officina) below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; $28.00 (€25.20)
 


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

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Most references attribute this type to Antioch. Although this type is not listed in DOC I, Grierson attributes all solidi with this wide-faced portrait to Antioch. Hahn attributes the type to Constantinople.
SH90884. Gold light weight solidus, 20 siliquae; SBCV 531, Hahn MIB 14, Sommer 7.61, Adelson 88 - 89 corr. (rho-cross scepter), DOC I -, Wroth BMC -, Morrisson BnF -, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, gVF, uneven strike, tight flan, weight 3.390 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinopolis or Antioch mint, 583 - 602 A.D.; obverse D N MAVRIC - TIb P P AVG, helmeted, draped, and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, shield in left, helmet with arc ornament in front and plume; reverse VICTORIA AVGG I (victory of the two emperors, 10th officina), angel standing facing, long cross in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, OBXX in exergue; Forum knows of only seven other examples of this extremely rare type, from the Robert Watcher Collection; extremely rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Adelson, H. Light Weight Solidi and Byzantine Trade during the Sixth and Seventh Centuries. ANSNNM 138. (New York, 1957).
Anastasi, M. Monete Bizantine di Sicilia. (NP, 2009).
Bellinger, A.R. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol. I Anastasius I to Maurice, 491-602. (Washington D.C., 1966).
Berk, H.J. Eastern Roman Successors of the Sestertius. (Chicago, 1987).
Berk, H.J. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Carson, R.A.G., P.V. Hill & J.P.C. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Byzantini, Volume 2: Justinus II - Phocas (565 - 610). (Vienna, 1975).
Hahn, W. and M.A. Metlich. Money of the Insipient Byzantine Empire. (Vienna, 2000).
Hennequin, G. Catalogue des monnaies musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale. (Paris, 1985).
Metlich, M. A. The Coinage of Ostrogothic Italy. (London, 2004).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale I, 491 - 711. (Paris, 1970).
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Sabatier, J. Description générale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D.R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A.U. Die Münzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Münzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

Catalog current as of Monday, February 17, 2020.
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Byzantine Coins of Maurice Tiberius