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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Mysia| ▸ |Pergamon||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Pergamon, Mysia
Pergamon, Mysia, c. 88 - 85 B.C.

|Pergamon|, |Pergamon,| |Mysia,| |c.| |88| |-| |85| |B.C.|, |cistophoric| |tetradrachm|
The cista mystica was a basket used for housing sacred snakes in connection with the initiation ceremony into the cult of Bacchus (Dionysus). In the Dionysian mysteries a snake, representing the god and possibly symbolic of his phallus, was carried in a cista mystica on a bed of vine leaves. The cista in the mysteries of Isis may also have held a serpent, perhaps associated with the missing phallus of Osiris.

The thyrsus is the staff carried by Bacchus and his associates; topped by a pine cone or a bunch of ivy leaves and wreathed with tendrils of vine or ivy.
GS94496. Silver cistophoric tetradrachm, Kleiner Pergamum pl. 13, 25; SNG BnF 1726; SNGvA 1369; SNG Cop 425; BMC Mysia p. 124, 97; Pinder 122, VF, light toning, weight 12.255 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 45o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 88 - 85 B.C.; obverse Cista mystica with half-open lid, from which a snake emerges, all within wreath of ivy with berries; reverse bow-case ornamented with apluster, strung bow emerging upper left, snake with head erect one each side, AΠ (control) over Prytaneis monogram and star above between snakes, case straps draped over snakes below, (Pergamon monogram) to left, snake entwined thyrsus right; from an Israeli collection; $250.00 SALE |PRICE| $225.00
 


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 88 - 85 B.C.

|Pergamon|, |Pergamon,| |Mysia,| |c.| |88| |-| |85| |B.C.|, |cistophoric| |tetradrachm|
The cista mystica was a basket used for housing sacred snakes in connection with the initiation ceremony into the cult of Bacchus (Dionysus). In the Dionysian mysteries a snake, representing the god and possibly symbolic of his phallus, was carried in a cista mystica on a bed of vine leaves. The cista in the mysteries of Isis may also have held a serpent, perhaps associated with the missing phallus of Osiris.

The thyrsus is the staff carried by Bacchus and his associates; topped by a pine cone or a bunch of ivy leaves and wreathed with tendrils of vine or ivy.
GS94273. Silver cistophoric tetradrachm, Kleiner Pergamum pl. 13, 25; SNG BnF 1726; SNGvA 1369; SNG Cop 425; BMC Mysia p. 124, 97; Pinder 122, VF, obverse die wear, obverse off center, light marks, weight 12.304 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 270o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 88 - 85 B.C.; obverse Cista mystica with half-open lid, from which a snake emerges, all within wreath of ivy with berries; reverse bow-case ornamented with apluster, strung bow emerging upper left, snake with head erect one each side, AΠ (control) over Prytaneis monogram and star above between snakes, case straps draped over snakes below, (Pergamon monogram) to left, snake entwined thyrsus right; ex Gorny & Mosch auction 267 (17 Oct 2019), lot 3197; $160.00 SALE |PRICE| $144.00
 


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 123 - 104 B.C.

|Pergamon|, |Pergamon,| |Mysia,| |c.| |123| |-| |104| |B.C.|, |cistophoric| |tetradrachm|
The cista mystica was a basket used for housing sacred snakes in connection with the initiation ceremony into the cult of Bacchus (Dionysus). In the Dionysian mysteries a snake, representing the god and possibly symbolic of his phallus, was carried in a cista mystica on a bed of vine leaves. The cista in the mysteries of Isis may also have held a serpent, perhaps associated with the missing phallus of Osiris.

The thyrsus is the staff carried by Bacchus and his associates; topped by a pine cone or a bunch of ivy leaves and wreathed with tendrils of vine or ivy.
GS91522. Silver cistophoric tetradrachm, Kleiner Pergamum p. 80, 8; Pinder -; SNG BnF -; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; BMC Mysia -, VF, well centered, old collection toning, bumps and marks, die wear, weight 12.250 g, maximum diameter 26.9 mm, die axis 45o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 123 - 104 B.C.; obverse cista mystica with half open lid, from which a snake emerges left, all within wreath of ivy leaves and berries; reverse bow-case ornamented with an apluster, strung bow emerging upper left, flanked on each side by a snake with head erect, WPA monogram (control) between heads of snakes, straps from case draped over snakes below, (Pergamon monogram) to left, snake entwined thyrsos to right; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $130.00 SALE |PRICE| $117.00
 


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 92 - 88 B.C.

|Pergamon|, |Pergamon,| |Mysia,| |c.| |92| |-| |88| |B.C.|, |cistophoric| |tetradrachm|
The cista mystica was a basket used for housing sacred snakes in connection with the initiation ceremony into the cult of Bacchus (Dionysus). In the Dionysian mysteries a snake, representing the god and possibly symbolic of his phallus, was carried in a cista mystica on a bed of vine leaves. The cista in the mysteries of Isis may also have held a serpent, perhaps associated with the missing phallus of Osiris.

The thyrsus is the staff carried by Bacchus and his associates; topped by a pine cone or a bunch of ivy leaves and wreathed with tendrils of vine or ivy.
MA95429. Silver cistophoric tetradrachm, Kleiner Pergamum p. 80, 31; SNG BnF 1732; SNGvA 7476; SNG Cop 429; BMC Mysia p. 124, 105; Pinder 98, F, well centered on a broad flan, toned, die wear, light corrosion, weight 11.088 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 92 - 88 B.C.; obverse Cista mystica with half-open lid, from which a snake emerges, all within wreath of ivy with berries; reverse bow-case ornamented with apluster, strung bow emerging upper left, snake with head erect one each side, ∆H (control) over Prytaneis monogram above between snakes, case straps draped over snakes below, (Pergamon monogram) to left, snake entwined thyrsus right; $90.00 (€82.80) ON RESERVE


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 330 - 284 B.C.

|Pergamon|, |Pergamon,| |Mysia,| |c.| |330| |-| |284| |B.C.|, |diobol|
Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakircay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GS64046. Silver diobol, BMC Mysia p. 111, 9 (PERGAMH); SNG Kayhan 66; cf. SNG BnF 1558 ff.; SNG Cop 322; SNGvA 1350; SNG Delepierre 2534; Von Fritze 10, aVF, toned, scratches and bumps, weight 1.251 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 310 - 282 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing a Nemean Lion's scalp headdress; reverse cultus statue of Athena standing facing (Palladium), kalathos, drapery hanging over both shoulders, spear in right hand, shield in left hand with dangling fillet, ΠEPΓAMH upward on left; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00
 


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 310 - 282 B.C.

|Pergamon|, |Pergamon,| |Mysia,| |c.| |310| |-| |282| |B.C.|, |diobol|
Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakircay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GS87695. Silver diobol, BMC Mysia p. 111, 5 ff.; SNG Kayhan 64; SNG BnF 1558 ff.; SNG Cop 318 ff.; SNGvA 1350; SNG Delepierre 2534; Von Fritze 10, aVF, light marks and scratches, porosity, off center, weight 1.194 g, maximum diameter 11.0 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 310 - 282 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing a Nemean Lion's scalp headdress; reverse cultus statue of Athena standing facing (Palladium), kalathos, drapery hanging over both shoulders, spear in right hand, shield in left hand with dangling fillet, ΠEPΓAM upward on left (off flan); $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00
 


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 200 - 100 B.C.

|Members| |Auction| |Listed|, |Pergamon,| |Mysia,| |c.| |200| |-| |100| |B.C.|, |AE| |20|
The sanctuary and temple of Athena Polias Nikephoros (Athena of the City, Bringer of Victory) was one of the oldest and most important religious centers in Pergamon. It stood directly behind and above the theater on the acropolis and included the famous Library of Pergamon. The propylon of the sanctuary, in the photograph on the right, is now in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin.Sanctuary

MA95724. Bronze AE 20, cf. BMC Mysia p. 133, 202; SNG Cop 388; SNG BnF 1910; SNGvA 1376, VF, edge cracks, weight 2.176 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 200 - 100 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Macedonian helmet ornamented with a star; reverse facing owl standing facing on palm frond, wings spread, monograms below wings, AΘH-NAΣ (for Athena) above, NIKHΦOPOY (Bringer of Victory) below; $53.00 (€48.76)


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 310 - 282 B.C.

|Pergamon|, |Pergamon,| |Mysia,| |c.| |310| |-| |282| |B.C.|, |AE| |10|
Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakircay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GB89033. Bronze AE 10, SNG BnF 1587; SNG Cop 325; BMC Mysia p. 112, 24; SGCV II 3959, VF, dark green patina with buff earthen highlighting, some porosity on edge, weight 0.992 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 310 - 282 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; reverse two stars, Θ above ΠEPΓ below; ex Munz-Handlung Ritter; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00
 


Pergamene Kingdom, 282 - 263 B.C.

|Pergamene| |Kingdom|, |Pergamene| |Kingdom,| |282| |-| |263| |B.C.|, |AE| |13|
Philetaerus deserted Lysimachus in 282 B.C., taking control of Pergamon and a large treasure deposited there. At first nominally a Seleukid suzerainty, Pergamon grew into a strong, prosperous and independent kingdom. These bronze coins were struck in the name of the founder throughout all succeeding reigns.
GB89993. Bronze AE 13, SNG BnF 1682 ff.; SNG Tübingen 2370 ff.; SNG Cop 349; BMC Mysia p. 119, 58 ff., VF, dark patina with some copper on high points, light marks, light porosity, weight 1.812 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 282 - 263 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing Macedonian helmet; reverse strung bow, ΦIΛE/TAIPOY divided in two lines above and below, countermark: anchor; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00
 


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 133 - 16 B.C.

|Members| |Auction| |Listed|, |Pergamon,| |Mysia,| |c.| |133| |-| |16| |B.C.|, |AE| |17|
When the Pergamene king Attalus III died without an heir in 133 B.C., to prevent a civil war, he bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic.
MA95540. Bronze AE 17, BMC Mysia p. 128, 155, SNG BnF 1832 ff., SNGvA 1373; SGCV II 3968, F, green patina, weight 4.917 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 180o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Asklepios right; reverse AΣKΛHΠIOY ΣΩTHPOΣ (to Asklepios the Savior), snake entwined staff; $4.50 (€4.14)







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REFERENCES|

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