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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Mysia| ▸ |Pergamon||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ancient Coins of Pergamon, Mysia

Pergamene Kingdom, Attalos I Soter 241 - 197 B.C., In the Name of Philetairos

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Attalus, a capable general, champion of the Greeks, and loyal ally of Rome, made Pergamon a powerful kingdom. He earned the name "Soter" (savior) by defeating the Galatians, who had plundered and exacted tribute for more than a generation. In the Macedonian Wars he allied with Rome against Philip V of Macedon.
SH70868. Silver tetradrachm, Westermark Group VIB; SNG BnF 1626; SNG Delepierre 2536; BMC Mysia p. 117, 45; McClean 7685, VF/F, excellent portrait, uneven toning, weight 16.753 g, maximum diameter 30.5 mm, die axis 0o, Mysiam, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, 235 - 210 B.C.; obverse Philetairos (founder of the Attalid dynasty) diademed head right; reverse Athena enthroned left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, crowning dynastic name with wreath in right hand, ΦIΛETAIPOY downward on left, spear leaning transverse on her far side, resting left arm on round shield leaning against throne, ivy leaf outer left, XAP monogram inner left, bow on right; very rare with this monogram; $250.00 (€220.00)
 


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 123 - 104 B.C.

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The cista mystica was a basket used for housing sacred snakes in connection with the initiation ceremony into the cult of Bacchus (Dionysus). In the Dionysian mysteries a snake, representing the god and possibly symbolic of his phallus, was carried in a cista mystica on a bed of vine leaves. The cista in the mysteries of Isis may also have held a serpent, perhaps associated with the missing phallus of Osiris.

The thyrsus is the staff carried by Bacchus and his associates; topped by a pine cone or a bunch of ivy leaves and wreathed with tendrils of vine or ivy.
GS91522. Silver cistophoric tetradrachm, Kleiner Pergamum p. 80, 8; Pinder -; SNG BnF -; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; BMC Mysia -, VF, well centered, old collection toning, bumps and marks, die wear, weight 12.250 g, maximum diameter 26.9 mm, die axis 45o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 123 - 104 B.C.; obverse cista mystica with half open lid, from which a snake emerges left, all within wreath of ivy leaves and berries; reverse bow-case ornamented with an apluster, strung bow emerging upper left, flanked on each side by a snake with head erect, WPA monogram (control) between heads of snakes, straps from case draped over snakes below, (Pergamon monogram) to left, snake entwined thyrsos to right; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $150.00 (€132.00)
 


Livia and Julia, Pergamon, Mysia, c. 10 - 2 B.C.

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Julia was Augustus' only natural child, the daughter of his second wife Scribonia. She was born the same day that Octavian divorced Scribonia, to marry Livia. Julia's tragic destiny was to serve as a pawn in her father's dynastic plans. At age two, she was betrothed to Mark Antony's ten-year-old son, but the fathers' hostility ended the engagement. At age 14, she was married to her cousin but he died two years later. In 21 B.C., Julia married Agrippa, nearly 25 years her elder, Augustus' most trusted general and friend. Augustus had been advised, "You have made him so great that he must either become your son-in-law or be slain." Agrippa died suddenly in 12 B.C. and Julia was married in 11 B.C. to Tiberius. During her marriages to Agrippa and Tiberius Julia took lovers. In 2 B.C., Julia was arrested for adultery and treason. Augustus declared her marriage and void. He also asserted in public that she had been plotting against his own life. Reluctant to execute her, Augustus had her exiled, with no men in sight, forbidden even to drink wine. Scribonia, Julia's mother, accompanied her into exile. Five years later, she was allowed to move to Rhegium but Augustus never forgave her. When Tiberius became emperor, he cut off her allowance and put her in solitary confinement in one room in her house. Within months she died from malnutrition.
RP89139. Bronze AE 18, RPC I 2359; SNG Cop 467; BMC Mysia p. 139, 248; AMC I 1229; McClean 7718; SNG Paris -; SNGvA -, aVF, closed flan crack, earthen encrustation, weight 4.195 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, grammateus Charinos, c. 10 - 3 B.C.; obverse ΛIBIAN HPAN CAPINOΣ, draped bust of Livia (as Hera) right; reverse IOVΛIAN AΦPO∆ITHN, draped bust of Julia (as Aphrodite) right; $130.00 (€114.40)
 


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 330 - 284 B.C.

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Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakircay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GS91756. Silver diobol, BMC Mysia p. 111, 9 (PERGAMH); SNG Kayhan 66; cf. SNG BnF 1558 (PERGAM); SNG Cop 322; SNGvA 1350; SNG Delepierre 2534; Von Fritze 10, EF, light toning, a little off center, tiny edge split, weight 1.355 g, maximum diameter 11.8 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 330 - 284 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing a Nemean Lion's scalp headdress; reverse cultus statue of Athena standing facing (Palladium), kalathos, drapery hanging over both shoulders, spear in right hand, shield in left hand with dangling fillet, ΠEPΓAMH upward on left; $120.00 (€105.60)
 


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 330 - 284 B.C.

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Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakircay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GS64046. Silver diobol, BMC Mysia p. 111, 9 (PERGAMH); SNG Kayhan 66; cf. SNG BnF 1558 ff.; SNG Cop 322; SNGvA 1350; SNG Delepierre 2534; Von Fritze 10, aVF, toned, scratches and bumps, weight 1.251 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 310 - 282 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing a Nemean Lion's scalp headdress; reverse cultus statue of Athena standing facing (Palladium), kalathos, drapery hanging over both shoulders, spear in right hand, shield in left hand with dangling fillet, ΠEPΓAMH upward on left; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 310 - 282 B.C.

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Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakircay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GS91757. Silver diobol, BMC Mysia p. 111, 5 ff.; SNG Kayhan 64; SNG BnF 1558 ff.; SNG Cop 318 ff.; SNGvA 1350; SNG Delepierre 2534; Von Fritze 10, VF, centered on a tight flan, toned, a few scratches, porous, weight 1.267 g, maximum diameter 10.7 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 310 - 282 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing a Nemean Lion's scalp headdress; reverse cultus statue of Athena standing facing (Palladium), kalathos, drapery hanging over both shoulders, spear in right hand, shield in left hand with dangling fillet, ΠEPΓAM upward on left (off flan); $90.00 (€79.20)
 


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 310 - 282 B.C.

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Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakircay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GS87695. Silver diobol, BMC Mysia p. 111, 5 ff.; SNG Kayhan 64; SNG BnF 1558 ff.; SNG Cop 318 ff.; SNGvA 1350; SNG Delepierre 2534; Von Fritze 10, aVF, light marks and scratches, porosity, off center, weight 1.194 g, maximum diameter 11.0 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 310 - 282 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing a Nemean Lion's scalp headdress; reverse cultus statue of Athena standing facing (Palladium), kalathos, drapery hanging over both shoulders, spear in right hand, shield in left hand with dangling fillet, ΠEPΓAM upward on left (off flan); $80.00 (€70.40)
 


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 310 - 282 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakircay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GB89033. Bronze AE 10, SNG BnF 1587; SNG Cop 325; BMC Mysia p. 112, 24; SGCV II 3959, VF, dark green patina with buff earthen highlighting, some porosity on edge, weight 0.992 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 310 - 282 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; reverse two stars, Θ above ΠEPΓ below; ex Munz-Handlung Ritter; $60.00 (€52.80)
 


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 133 - 67 B.C.

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Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakircay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. When Attalus III died without an heir in 133 B.C., to prevent a civil war, he bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
RP89910. Bronze AE 22, SNG BnF 1790; SNGvA 1379; SNG Tüb 2445; SNG Cop 365; BMC Mysia p. 128, 142, aVF, brown patina with brassy spots, scratches, oval flan, weight 7.302 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 133 - 16 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet ornamented with a star, EΠI ΠEPΓAMOY below; reverse Nike standing right, crowning ethnic with wreath in right hand, palm frond over shoulder in left, ΠEPΓAMHNΩN downward on right; $60.00 (€52.80)
 


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 2nd Century B.C.

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Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakircay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GB87748. Bronze AE 16, SNG BnF 1885 ff.; SNG Tüb 2429; SNG Cop 396; BMC Mysia p. 131, 179 var. (monogram), SNGvA 1374 var. (same), aVF, green patina, tight flan, porous, light earthen deposits, weight 6.640 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse AΘHNAΣ NIKHΦOPOY, trophy of captured arms, ΘA monogram inner left, Pergamon monogram lower right; $50.00 (€44.00)
 




  



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REFERENCES|

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Catalog current as of Tuesday, October 22, 2019.
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