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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Numismatics| ▸ |Mint Errors||View Options:  |  |  | 

Mint Errors

Ancient coins dies were hand engraved and the coins were hand struck. Significant variation is normal and errors, including spelling errors, off center strikes, double strikes, etc. usually decrease, not increase, the value of ancient coins. On this page we will list only the more unusual errors, beyond those ordinarily expected.

Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||prutah|
A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die. Click here to read a detailed explanation.

In his will, his father named his younger brother king. Archelaus sailed to Rome to appeal and was awarded a share of the kingdom. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome.
JD98793. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6228; Meshorer TJC 72; Meshorer AJC 5; SNG ANS 243; RPC Online I 4916; BMC Palestine p. 233, 27, VF, brockage, scratches, green patina, weight 1.070 g, maximum diameter 13.7 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse HPΩ (counterclockwise from below, Greek: of Herod), prow of war galley left; reverse incuse of obverse (brockage, normal reverse: EΘN (Greek: Ethnarch), surrounded by wreath); from an Israeli collection; $125.00 (115.00)


Judaea, Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator under Claudius and Nero, 52 - 60 A.D., Brockage

|Antonius| |Felix|, |Judaea,| |Antonius| |Felix,| |Roman| |Procurator| |under| |Claudius| |and| |Nero,| |52| |-| |60| |A.D.,| |Brockage||prutah|
A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die. Click here to read a detailed explanation.

Antonius Felix was the procurator before whom St. Paul was brought for trial. "And after certain days, when Felix came with his wife Drusilla, who was a Jewess, he sent for Paul, and heard him concerning the faith in Christ." - Acts 24:27
JD111780. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6376f (also a brockage), Meshorer TJC 342g (same); cf. RPC I 4970 (normal coin), aVF, weight 2.464 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, Jerusalem mint, under Claudius, 54 A.D.; obverse IOY/ΛIA AΓ/PIΠΠI/NA (Julia Agrippina [wife of Claudius]) in four lines within a wreath tied at the bottom with an X; reverse same as obverse incuse and retrograde (brockage, normal reverse: two crossed palm fronds); ex CNG e-auction 510 (23 Feb 2022), lot 542; ex Dr. Jay M. Galst Collection; $120.00 (110.40)


The First Jewish Revolt, 66 - 70 A.D.

|First| |Jewish| |Revolt|, |The| |First| |Jewish| |Revolt,| |66| |-| |70| |A.D.||prutah|
In 69 A.D., Vespasian began to lay siege to Jerusalem, the city was captured the following year by his son Titus. On 4 August 70 A.D. Titus destroyed the Temple. The Jewish fast of Tisha B'Av mourns the Fall of Jerusalem annually on this date.
JD97732. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6392; Meshorer TJC 204; SNG ANS 446; Sofaer pl. 223, 31, gF, nice patina, off center, tight flan, obverse edge beveled, chisel cut from misplaced first attempt to remove pre-strike casting sprue, weight 2.511 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 210o, Jerusalem mint, year 3, 68 - 69 A.D.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew: Year three, amphora with fluted body, narrow neck, broad rim, two handles, and conical fluted lid decorated with tiny globule at peak and row of tiny globules around edge; reverse Paleo-Hebrew: The freedom of Zion, vine leaf on small branch with tendril; $90.00 (82.80)


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 104 - 76 B.C., Overstrike

|Alexander| |Jannaeus|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Alexander| |Jannaeus| |(Yehonatan),| |104| |-| |76| |B.C.,| |Overstrike||prutah|
This type has been reattributed from Hyrcanus II to Alexander Jannaeus by Hendin and Shachar in "The Identity of YNTN on Hasmonean Overstruck Coins and the Chronology of the Alexander Jannaeus Types," Israel Numismatic Research 3, 2008: 87-94. It appears this type was overstruck on earlier coins of Alexander Jannaeus that had never been released from the mint.
JD97681. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6185b, Meshorer TJC T1, Meshorer AJC I; undertype Hendin 6184 (Jannaeus, lily/anchor), aVF, highlighting red earthen deposits, weight 2.688 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 270o, Jerusalem mint, 103 - 76 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, within wreath, struck over lily; reverse two cornucopias splayed outward, adorned with ribbons, pomegranate or poppy between the horns, struck over anchor; from an Israeli collection; $80.00 (73.60)


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 104 - 76 B.C., Overstrike

|Alexander| |Jannaeus|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Alexander| |Jannaeus| |(Yehonatan),| |104| |-| |76| |B.C.,| |Overstrike||prutah|
This type has been reattributed from Hyrcanus II to Alexander Jannaeus by Hendin and Shachar in "The Identity of YNTN on Hasmonean Overstruck Coins and the Chronology of the Alexander Jannaeus Types," Israel Numismatic Research 3, 2008: 87-94. It appears this type was overstruck on earlier coins of Alexander Jannaeus that had never been released from the mint.
JD97426. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6185b, Meshorer TJC T1, Meshorer AJC I; undertype Hendin 6184 (Jannaeus, lily/anchor), VF, both undertype and overtype off center, dark patina, highlighting light earthen deposits, weight 1.589 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 103 - 76 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription in classic style: Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, within wreath, struck over lily; reverse two cornucopias splayed outward, adorned with ribbons, pomegranate or poppy between the horns, struck over anchor; from an Israeli collection; $70.00 (64.40)


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266, Reverse Brockage

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266,| |Reverse| |Brockage||denaro|
A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die. Click here to read a detailed explanation.

Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95079. Billon denaro, Spahr 215, MEC Italy III 616, MIR 10 484 (R, Manfredonia), Travaini 81,, VF, brockage mint error, typical small squared flan, green patina, earthen deposits, weight 0.428 g, maximum diameter 13.4 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1264; obverse incuse of the reverse; the normal type is: MAYNFRID, Ω over M; reverse REX SICILIE, two intersecting crosses; $36.00 (33.12)







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