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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Cologne||View Options:  |  |  | 

Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany)

Colonia Agrippinensis established a mint under Postumous and struck for the subsequent Romano-Gallic usurpers.

Romano-Gallic Empire, Marius, May - August or September 269 A.D.

|Marius|, |Romano-Gallic| |Empire,| |Marius,| |May| |-| |August| |or| |September| |269| |A.D.||antoninianus|
A blacksmith by trade, Marius worked his way up through the ranks until he was an officer in the Gallic Empire army under Postumus. Upon Postumus' death, Marius seized power but his reign was very short, perhaps only two or three days. He was murdered by his own officers, possibly with a sword of his own manufacture.
SH96906. Billon antoninianus, Elmer 633, Schulzki AKG 1b (S), RIC V-2 6 (S), Cohen VI 8, Hunter IV 1, SRCV III 11119, Choice gVF, excellent portrait, attractive highlighting earthen deposits (perhaps not natural?), reverse legend weak, tiny edge splits, weight 3.403 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 2nd issue, late phase, summer 269 A.D.; obverse IMP C MARIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORD MILIT (harmony with the soldiers), clasped hands; very scarce; SOLD


Romano-Gallic Empire, Marius, May - August or September 269 A.D.

|Marius|, |Romano-Gallic| |Empire,| |Marius,| |May| |-| |August| |or| |September| |269| |A.D.||antoninianus|
A blacksmith by trade, Marius worked his way up through the ranks until he was an officer in the Gallic Empire army under Postumus. Upon Postumus' death, Marius seized power but his reign was very short, perhaps only two or three days. He was murdered by his own officers, possibly with a sword of his own manufacture.
SH35061. Billon antoninianus, Elmer 633, Schulzki AKG 1b (S), RIC V-2 6 (S), Cohen VI 8, Hunter IV 1, SRCV III 11119, VF, green patina, flow lines, tight flan, porosity, tiny edge cracks, weight 2.914 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 225o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 2nd issue, late phase, summer 269 A.D.; obverse IMP C MARIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORD MILIT (harmony with the soldiers), clasped hands; very scarce; SOLD


Romano-Gallic Empire, Marius, May - August or September 269 A.D.

|Marius|, |Romano-Gallic| |Empire,| |Marius,| |May| |-| |August| |or| |September| |269| |A.D.||antoninianus|
A blacksmith by trade, Marius worked his way up through the ranks until he was an officer in the Gallic Empire army under Postumus. Upon Postumus' death, Marius seized power but his reign was very short, perhaps only two or three days. He was murdered by his own officers, possibly with a sword of his own manufacture.

Most references will describe a bust like this as radiate and cuirassed, ignoring the slight drapery (paludamentum) on the left shoulder.
SH45447. Billon antoninianus, Schulzki 6b (R3), RIC V-2 18 (R), Elmer 636, SRCV III 11122, Cohen VI 20, Hunter IV 10 var. (cuirass under drapery), VF, nice dark sea-green patina, excellent portrait, weight 2.950 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, Mogontiacum (Mainz) or Treveri (Trier) mint, May - Aug/Sep 269 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, drapery (paludamentum) only slightly visible on left shoulder; reverse VICTORIA AVG, Victory advancing right, raising wreath in right hand, palm against shoulder in left hand; rare; SOLD


Romano-Gallic Empire, Marius, May - August or September 269 A.D.

|Marius|, |Romano-Gallic| |Empire,| |Marius,| |May| |-| |August| |or| |September| |269| |A.D.||antoninianus|
A blacksmith by trade, Marius worked his way up through the ranks until he was an officer in the Gallic Empire army under Postumus. Upon Postumus' death, Marius seized power but his reign was very short, perhaps only two or three days. He was murdered by his own officers, possibly with a sword of his own manufacture.
RA87328. Billon antoninianus, Schulzki 7b, RIC V-2 17, Hunter IV 9, Cohen VI 21, Elmer 638, SRCV III 11123, VF, excellent portrait, brown patina, areas of light corrosion/porosity, weight 2.879 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, May - Aug/Sep 269 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse VICTORIA AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm against left shoulder in left hand; scarce; SOLD


Romano-Gallic Empire, Marius, May - August or September 269 A.D.

|Marius|, |Romano-Gallic| |Empire,| |Marius,| |May| |-| |August| |or| |September| |269| |A.D.||antoninianus|
A blacksmith by trade, Marius worked his way up through the ranks until he was an officer in the Gallic Empire army under Postumus. Upon Postumus' death, Marius seized power but his reign was very short, perhaps only two or three days. He was murdered by his own officers, possibly with a sword of his own manufacture.
SH65289. Billon antoninianus, Schulzki 7b, RIC V-2 17, Hunter IV 9, Cohen VI 21, Elmer 638, SRCV III 11123, VF, reverse weakly struck with worn die, weight 2.712 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, May - Aug/Sep 269 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse VICTORIA AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm against shoulder in left hand; from the Scott Collection; scarce; SOLD


Romano-Gallic Empire, Marius, May - August or September 269 A.D.

|Marius|, |Romano-Gallic| |Empire,| |Marius,| |May| |-| |August| |or| |September| |269| |A.D.||antoninianus|
A blacksmith by trade, Marius worked his way up through the ranks until he was an officer in the Gallic Empire army under Postumus. Upon Postumus' death, Marius seized power but his reign was very short, perhaps only two or three days. He was murdered by his own officers, possibly with a sword of his own manufacture.
RA96909. Billon antoninianus, Schulzki 7b, RIC V-2 17, Hunter IV 9, Cohen VI 21, Elmer 638, SRCV III 11123, aVF, well centered, full legends, edge ragged with small flan splits, weight 2.295 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, May - Aug/Sep 269 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse VICTORIA AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm against shoulder in left hand; scarce; SOLD


Romano-Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

|Postumus|, |Romano-Gallic| |Empire,| |Postumus,| |Summer| |260| |-| |Spring| |269| |A.D.||double| |sestertius|
A skilled general and administrator, Postumus rebelled against Gallienus, uniting Gaul, Spain, and Britain into a Gallic-Roman Empire. Successful against the Germans, he kept his empire secure and prosperous. He was assassinated by his own troops after he refused to allow them to sack Moguntiacum (Mainz).
SH66364. Bronze double sestertius, Bastien Postume 87, RIC V-2 143 (Lugdunum), Cohen VI 177, VF, weight 13.981 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis or Treveri mint, 261 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse LAETITIA AVG (the joy of the Emperor, AVG in exergue), galley left, four rowers and steersman; SOLD


Divo Valerian II, Caesar, Early 256 - 258 A.D., Consecration Issue

|Valerian| |II|, |Divo| |Valerian| |II,| |Caesar,| |Early| |256| |-| |258| |A.D.,| |Consecration| |Issue||antoninianus|
Publius Licinius Cornelius Valerianus (Valerian II) was the son of Gallienus and Salonina, and grandson of Valerian I and Mariniana. He was made caesar upon his father's accession as co-emperor. He died two years later without ever being raised to the rank of augustus.
RS93250. Silver antoninianus, Gbl MIR 911e, SRCV III 10606, RIC V-1 9 (Lugdunum), RSC IV 5, VF, well centered, toned, die wear, scratches, small edge cracks, weight 4.121 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, posthumous, 258 - 259 A.D.; obverse DIVO VALERIANO CAES, radiate and draped bust right, seen from behind; reverse CONSECRATIO, Valerian II carried into the heavens seated on eagle flying right, waiving his right hand, scepter in his left hand; SOLD


Romano-Gallic Empire, Victorinus, Summer to November 268 - mid 271 A.D.

|Victorinus|, |Romano-Gallic| |Empire,| |Victorinus,| |Summer| |to| |November| |268| |-| |mid| |271| |A.D.||antoninianus|
In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RA77907. Billon antoninianus, Mairat 639, Schulzki AGK 1c, RIC V 41, Normanby 1427, Elmer 702, Cohen VI 8, SRCV III 11166, Hunter - (p. xcviii), gVF, nice for the issue, dark patina, excellent portrait, some die wear, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.658 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, issue 1, phase 1, mid 269 A.D.; obverse IMP C PI VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust resembling Marius right; reverse AEQVITAS AVG (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren, ex CNG/Seaby Coins; SOLD


Romano-Gallic Empire, Victorinus, Summer to November 268 - mid 271 A.D.

|Victorinus|, |Romano-Gallic| |Empire,| |Victorinus,| |Summer| |to| |November| |268| |-| |mid| |271| |A.D.||antoninianus|
In 270, the Empire suffered an economic crisis due to usurpations, partition of the empire, invasions, and sackings of the countryside and cities. Agricultural and industrial productions were significantly decreased, and mines went unused. A monetary crisis ensued. Inflation was up to 1,000% in some areas of the empire.
RA15289. Billon antoninianus, Schulzki AGK 14b, RIC V-2 118, Cohen VI 79, Elmer 682, Mairat 261, SRCV III 11175, Choice aEF, weight 3.445 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 3rd emission, 3rd phase, early-mid 270 A.D.; obverse IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing left, raising olive branch in right hand, transverse long scepter in left hand, V in left field, star in right field; SOLD







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