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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Non-Olympian| ▸ |River God||View Options:  |  |  | 

River Gods
Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Tyre, Phoenicia

|Phoenicia|, |Valerian| |I,| |October| |253| |-| |c.| |June| |260| |A.D.,| |Tyre,| |Phoenicia||dichalkon|
Romans refounded Tyre as a colony in 64 B.C., when Pompey annexed Phoenicia to the Roman Empire. Tyre flourished under the Rome and remained a Roman port city, even under the Byzantine Empire, until the 7th century when it was taken by Muslim conquest.
RP96396. Bronze dichalkon, BMC Phoenicia p. 289, 465 var. (murex shell on right); Rouvier -; Baramki AUB -; SNG Hunt -; SNG Cop -, F, rough dark green patina, earthen deposits, weight 16.345 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre (Lebanon) mint, Oct 253 - Jun 260 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG, laureate bust right; reverse COL TVRO METR, river-god (Adonis?) standing facing, head left, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, right hand dropping incense on flaming altar at her feet on left, long grounded reed vertical in left hand, murex shell on left; from the J. Berlin Caesarea Collection, 1971 Caesarea Maritima surface find; Coin Archives records only one specimen of the type at auction in the last two decades; extremely rare; $320.00 (323.20)

Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Uncertain Caesarea, Cilicia

|Cilicia|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.,| |Uncertain| |Caesarea,| |Cilicia||AE| |25|NEW
Many ancient cities of the Roman Empire were named Caesarea. Some cities used the name only for a limited period. The particular city that issued this coin is not entirely certain. The location of finds suggests the city was in Cilicia Pedias.
RP111037. Bronze AE 25, RPC Online I 4086; Ganschow I p. 58, X4; BMC Lyconia p. 31, 4; SNGvA 6350; SNG Tub 4526; SNG Leypold 2759; Lindgren 1422; Waddington 6744, gVF, attractive glossy green patina, nice portrait, weight 8.981 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 0o, Cilicia, uncertain Caesarea mint, 45 - 46 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOC KΛAY∆IOC KAICAP, bare head right; reverse Tyche seated right on pile of rocks, river god swimming at her feet, KAIC / APEΩN in two lines upper right, ETOYC E (year 5) upward on left; $160.00 (161.60)

Saitta, Lydia, c. 198 - 222 A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Saitta,| |Lydia,| |c.| |198| |-| |222| |A.D.||AE| |22|
In Greek mythology, Hyllos was the eldest son of Herakles and his wife Deianira. Heracles had an affair with the younger and more beautiful Iole. Years earlier, the centaur Nessus had attempted to rape Deianira. Herakles saved her by shooting Nessus with poisoned arrows. The centaur told her in his dying breath that if she were to give Herakles a cloak soaked in his blood, it would be a love charm. Deianira, believed him and saved some of Nessus' blood. Worried by Herakles' infidelity, she gave Herakles a blood soaked cloak, but Nessus' blood was deadly poison. Upon realizing she had unwittingly poisoned her husband, Deianira killed herself. Before Herakles died, because of his love for Iole, he asked his eldest son, Hyllus to marry her so that she would be well cared for. Iole and Hyllus had a son called Cleodaeus, and three daughters, Evaechme, Aristaechme, and Hyllis.
RP110433. Bronze AE 22, GRPC Lydia 39; RPC Online VI T4428; BMC Lydia p. 216, 24; SNG Cop 396; SNGvA 3089; Winterthur 3884; Hochard 1795, aVF, broad flan, strike a little flat, areas of corrosion, light earthen deposits, scratches, weight 5.719 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Saitta (Sidaskale, Turkey) mint, c. 198 - 222 A.D.; obverse AZIOTTHNOC, draped bust of Mn Aziottenos right, wearing Phrygian cap, crescent behind shoulders; reverse CAITTHNΩN / YΛΛOC, river-god Hyllos reclining left, reed in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, resting elbow on inverted vase from which water flows; $90.00 (90.90)

Hierapolis-Kastabala, Cilicia, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Cilicia|, |Hierapolis-Kastabala,| |Cilicia,| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||AE| |20|
Hierapolis-Kastabala is located three kilometers north of the Ceyhan River (the ancient Pyramus) in the southern Turkish province of Osmaniye. Alexander the Great stopped at Kastabala before the Battle of Issus in 333 B.C. Antiochus IV renamed the city Hierapolis.
GB110012. Bronze AE 20, SNG BnF 2217 var. (monogram); SNGvA 5570 var. (same); BMC Lycaonia p. 82, 3 var. (same); SNG Levante 1569 var. (same); SNG Cop 144 var. (same), gF, green patina, scratches, weight 6.685 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Cilicia, Hierapolis-Castabala (Kirmitli, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse veiled head of Tyche right with turreted crown, monogram (control) behind; reverse The river-god Pyramos swimming right, eagle standing right on right hand, IEPO/ΠOΠITΠN in two lines above, TΩN ΠPOΣ TΩ/I ΠYP AMΩI in two lines below; ex Classical Numismatic Group, ex Richard L. Horst Collection; monogram missing from references but one specimen on coin archives; $85.00 (85.85)

Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.

|Nero|, |Nero,| |13| |October| |54| |-| |9| |June| |68| |A.D.||sestertius|
The name Ostia was derived from the Latin "ostium" - river mouth. At the mouth of the River Tiber, Ostia was Rome's seaport. Construction of the port facilities began under Claudius and was likely completed just before this sestertius was struck in 64 A.D. Trajan and Hadrian expanded the facilities. The port was abandoned due to silting and now lies 3 km from the sea. The site is noted for the excellent preservation of its ancient buildings, magnificent frescoes and impressive mosaics.
SH86120. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC I 178, BMCRE I 131, Mac Dowall WCN 120, BnF II 299, Hunter I 39, Cohen I 37, SRCV 1953, VF, well centered, nice portrait, near black patina, scratches on obverse lower right field, some porosity and tiny pitting, weight 26.031 g, maximum diameter 34.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 64 A.D.; obverse NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P, laureate bust right, wearing aegis; reverse AVGVSTI above, S - C divided by POR OST below, bird's-eye view Ostia harbor: pharos lighthouse with Neptune statue on top at far side center; crescent-shaped pier with building and figure sacrificing at far end, crescent-shaped row of breakwaters or slips on right with figure seated on rock at far end, 7 ships within port; river god Tiber reclining left holding rudder and dolphin below; ex Gorny & Mosch auction 195 (7 Mar 2011), lot 405; an attractive example of a highly desired type!; SOLD



Imhoof-Blumer, F. "Fluss- und Meergtter auf griechischen und rmischen Mnzen (Personifikationen der Gewsser)" in RSN 23 (1923), pp. 173-421.
Malloy, A. "The Danubian Celts" in Alex G. Malloy Auction Sale XLVI, June 24, 1997. NumisWiki webpage
Molinari, N.J. & N. Sisci. Potamikon: Sinews of Acheloios. A Comprehensive Catalog of the Bronze Coinage of the Man-Faced Bull, With Essays on Origin and Identity. (Oxford, 2016).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, March 21, 2023.
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