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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ The Restored Empire ▸ John VView Options:  |  |  | 

John V Palaeologus, 15 June 1341 - 16 February 1391 A.D.

With Anna of Savoy, his Mother, as Regent, 15 June 1341 - 13 May 1347 A.D.
Joint rule as junior emperor with John VI, 13 May 1347 - April 1353 A.D.
Sole rule, 22 November 1354 A.D. - 25 Sep 1373 A.D.
Joint rule with Manuel II, 25 Sep 1373 - 16 February 1391 A.D.
John V was made emperor three days short of his ninth birthday. Anna of Savoy was appointed regent for her son. After Anna was defeated in a civil war, John V was made junior emperor to his former advisor John VI Cantacuzenus and he married John VI's daughter. John VI ignored his young colleague and in time even replaced him with his own son Matthew. John V Palaeologus obtained Genoese help, overthrew his rivals, took sole rule and banished John Kantakouzenos to a monastery. John V converted to Catholicism in an attempt to obtain aid from the West against the Turks, but even this failed. Without allies, the Byzantine state was forced to become a vassal of the Ottoman Empire, permitted to exist only by the grace of the mighty Sultan.


Byzantine Empire, John V Palaeologus and Anna of Savoy (Mother, Regent), 15 June 1341 - 13 May 1347

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On 15 June 1341, Andronikos III died. He was succeeded by his son John V who was three days short of his ninth birthday. Anna of Savoy was appointed regent for her son. Andronikos III had entrusted the administration to his advisor John Kantakouzenos. While Kantakouzenos was fighting the Serbs in Northern Thrace, ambitious advisors in Constantinople convinced Anna to declare him an enemy of the state. On 26 October 1341, rather than face execution, Kantakouzenos proclaimed himself emperor. Civil war ended with Anna's defeat in 1347. On 3 February 1347, John VI was accepted as senior emperor with John V as his junior co-ruler. John V married Helena Kantakouzene, a daughter of John VI. John VI entered Constantinople and took effective control of the city. In 1351, Anna left Constantinople for Thessaloniki. She held her own court in the city, issuing decrees in her name and even controlling a mint. Around 1365, when her health was failing, she became a nun, and died under the name Anastasia.
SH70963. Gold hyperpyron, DOC V 943; Bendall PCPC 190 (sigla 2); Lianta 845; Sommer 83.1.2; SBCV 2466 (Andronicus III), VF, clipped, graffiti, weight 4.266 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, regency of Anna, 15 Jun 1341 - 13 May 1347; obverse Anna of Savoy (on left) and her son John V, on right, both crowned and stand facing, empress holds trefoil scepter, emperor holds akakia and cruciform scepter, sigla Γ left, w in center; reverse the deceased Andronicus III, on left, kneeling before Christ standing facing, who extends his right hand over the emperor in benediction, Gospels in left, A∆PNH (or similar, blundered) downward on left, IC XC on right; ex Gorny & Mosch auction 176 (10 March 2009), lot 2823; rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, John V Palaeologus and Anna of Savoy (Mother, Regent), 15 June 1341 - 13 May 1347

Click for a larger photo
On 15 June 1341, Andronikos III died. He was succeeded by his son John V who was three days short of his ninth birthday. Anna of Savoy was appointed regent for her son. Andronikos III had entrusted the administration to his advisor John Kantakouzenos. While Kantakouzenos was fighting the Serbs in Northern Thrace, ambitious advisors in Constantinople convinced Anna to declare him an enemy of the state. On 26 October 1341, rather than face execution, Kantakouzenos proclaimed himself emperor. Civil war ended with Anna's defeat in 1347. On 3 February 1347, John VI was accepted as senior emperor with John V as his junior co-ruler. John V married Helena Kantakouzene, a daughter of John VI. John VI entered Constantinople and took effective control of the city. In 1351, Anna left Constantinople for Thessaloniki. She held her own court in the city, issuing decrees in her name and even controlling a mint. Around 1365, when her health was failing, she became a nun, and died under the name Anastasia.
SH70967. Gold hyperpyron, Bendall PCPC 190.2 (sigla 4); DOC V 942 - 943 var. (sigla); Lianta 845 var. (same); Sommer 83.1 var. (sigla), SBCV 2466 (Andronicus III), aVF, striking split, flat areas, graffiti on both sides, weight 3.460 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, regency of Anna, 15 Jun 1341 - 13 May 1347; obverse Anna of Savoy (on left) and her son John V, on right, both crowned and stand facing, empress holds trefoil scepter, emperor holds akakia and cruciform scepter, sigla K in left field; reverse the deceased Andronicus III, on left, kneeling before Christ standing facing, who extends his right hand over the emperor in benediction, Gospels in left, blundered ANIHK (or similar) downward on left, IX / XC on right; ex Ira and Larry Goldberg auction 53 (24 May 2009), lot 2401, ex Christov Family Collection; very rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, John V Palaeologus, 15 June 1341 - 16 February 1391 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
John V was made emperor three days short of his ninth birthday. Anna of Savoy was appointed regent for her son. After Anna was defeated in a civil war, John V was made junior emperor to his former advisor John VI Kantakouzenos and he married John VI's daughter. John VI ignored his young colleague and in time even replaced him with his own son Matthew. John V Palaeologus obtained Genoese help, overthrew his rivals, took sole rule and banished John Kantakouzenos to a monastery. John V converted to Catholicism in an attempt to obtain aid from the West against the Turks, but even this failed. Without allies, the Byzantine state was forced to become a vassal of the Ottoman Empire, permitted to exist only by the grace of the mighty Sultan.
SH87665. Bronze stamenon, Lianta 887; Bendall PCPC 317; B-D LPC p. 238, 8 (Andronicus III); SBCV 2525 (assarion); DOC V -; Sommer -; Grierson -, VF, dark patina, slightly off center, weight 1.695 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica mint, 1365 - 1369 A.D.; obverse Saint Demetrius standing facing, nimbate, wearing tunic, breastplate, and sagion, inverted spear vertical in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield at side, flanked on each side by a long cross with three bars, anepigraphic; reverse emperor standing facing, wearing crown with pendilia, stemma, divitision, collar-piece and loros, staff topped with a cross in circle in right hand, Manus Dei (the hand of God) above left, model of city (wall with gate and towers) in left hand, star with eight rays lower right; very rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Bellinger, A. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol. V: Michael VII to Constantine XI, 1258-1453. (Washington D.C., 1999).
Bendall, S. "A Note on the Hyperpyra of John V and VI (1347 - 1354)" in NumCirc 112 (2004), pp. 297 - 299.
Bendall, S. A Private Collection of Palaeologan Coins. (Wolverhampton, 1988).
Bendall, S. & P. Donald. Later Palaeologan Coinage, 1282-1453. (London, 1979).
Bendall, S. & P. Donald. "Additions To 'Later Palaeologan Coinage'" in NCirc LXXXVIII.2 (Feb. 1980).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Lianta, E. Late Byzantine Coins, 1204 - 1453, in the Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford. (London, 2009).
Sabatier, J. Description gnrale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Mnzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Mnzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).

Catalog current as of Thursday, March 21, 2019.
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John V Palaeologus