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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |The Restored Empire| ▸ |Andronicus II||View Options:  |  |  | 

Andronicus II Palaeologus, 1272 - 24 May 1328 A.D.

Joint rule as junior emperor with Michael (his father), 1272 - 11 December 1282 A.D.
Joint rule as senior emperor with Michael IX (his son), 21 May 1295 - 12 October 1320 A.D.
Joint rule with Andronicus III (his grandson), 2 February 1325 - 24 May 1328 A.D.
Under Andronicus II the empire permanently declined. Tax revenues dropped, the treasury was depleted, the army was drastically cut, and Turkish tribes overran most of Asia Minor. His son was co-emperor but died in 1320. After Andronicus II did not select his popular grandson, Andronicus III as heir, he rose in revolt. Even after they agreed to reign jointly, they were again at war. In 1328, the grandson took the city by surprise. At first Andronicus II retained his titles and his home in the palace. In 1330, however, forced into a monastery, he retired as the monk Anthony. Old and blind, he died 13 February 1332 A.D. Coinage may have been issued in his name until his death.
Byzantine Empire 1300

Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II and Michael IX, 21 May 1295 - 12 October 1320 A.D

|Andronicus| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Andronicus| |II| |and| |Michael| |IX,| |21| |May| |1295| |-| |12| |October| |1320| |A.D|, |hyperpyron|
"There are two main variants of this type - those with six groups of towers and those with four groups of towers in the city walls. The change comes approximately mid-way in the reign and both varieties are equally common. Rare varieties are those with the figures of Andronicus and Michael transposed and those with the legend AVTOKPTOPEC PWMAIWN." - D. Sear.
SH94418. Gold hyperpyron, DOC V-2, class 2b, sigla 186; Bendall PCPC 128, sigla 186, Sommer 80.2.1, Grierson 1293, SBCV 2396, VF, scyphate, typical crude strike, weight 3.379 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1305 - 1320 A.D.; obverse bust of the virgin orans within city walls, four groups of towers on the walls, six-pointed star over K left and six-pointed star over N right (sigla); reverse A/N/∆/P - X / M / ∆/E/Π (or similar, columnar), Andronicus II bearded on left and Michael IX unbearded on right, both kneeling facing, both with beard and mustache (?, Michael is usually described as beardless), nimbate Christ stands between them with hands over their heads in benediction, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Ihsoús Xristós - Jesus Christ) flanking nimbus; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus and Michael IX, 21 May 1295 - 12 October 1320 A.D.

|Andronicus| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Andronicus| |II| |Palaeologus| |and| |Michael| |IX,| |21| |May| |1295| |-| |12| |October| |1320| |A.D.|, |hyperpyron|
"There are two main variants of this type - those with six groups of towers and those with four groups of towers in the city walls. The change comes approximately mid-way in the reign and both varieties are equally common. Rare varieties are those with the figures of Andronicus and Michael transposed and those with the legend AVTOKPTOPEC PWMAIWN." - D. Sear.
SH14725. Gold hyperpyron, Bendall PCPC 185 (unlisted sigla), Sommer 80.2, SBCV 2396, Grierson 1293, DOC V -, VF, scyphate, weight 3.051 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1305 - 12 Oct 1320 A.D.; obverse nimbate half-length facing figure of the Virgin Mary orans within city walls, four castles on walls, MH monogram - X (sigla) in lower fields; reverse AVTOKPATOPEC PWMAIWN (clockwise from lower left), Andronicus II bearded on left and Michael IX unbearded on right, both kneeling facing, nimbate Christ stands between them with hands over their heads in benediction, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Ihsoús Xristós - Jesus Christ) flanking nimbus; rare sigla variety; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus and Andronicus III, 2 February 1325 - 24 May 1328 A.D.

|Andronicus| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Andronicus| |II| |Palaeologus| |and| |Andronicus| |III,| |2| |February| |1325| |-| |24| |May| |1328| |A.D.|, |hyperpyron|
Rare at this weight. This coin and the referenced Dumbarton Oaks example with the same sigla (symbols) are considerably heavier than normal for the type (c. 4 grams). DOC V comments on their heavy thick flan (6.37 grams).
SH37428. Gold hyperpyron, DOC V 502, Bendall PCPC 185.3 (sigla 14), Grierson 1294, SBCV 2461, VF, scyphate, very heavy flan, weight 5.649 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2 Feb 1325 - 1328 or possibly to 1330 A.D.; obverse half-length facing figure of the Virgin Mary, nimbate, orans, within city walls with four towers, 3 pellets over K left, 3 pellets over X right; reverse Andronicus II on left and Andronicus III on right, both bearded and kneeling facing, nimbate Christ stands in center behind with hands over their heads in benediction, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Ihsoús Xristós - Jesus Christ) flanking nimbus; ex CNG auction 41 (March 1997), lot 2461; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Bellinger, A. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol. V: Michael VII to Constantine XI, 1258-1453. (Washington D.C., 1999).
Bendall, S. A Private Collection of Palaeologan Coins. (Wolverhampton, 1988).
Bendall, S. & P. Donald. Later Palaeologan Coinage, 1282-1453. (London, 1979).
Dochev, K. Монети и парично обръщение в Търново XII-XIV в. (Tirnovo, 1992).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Lianta, E. Late Byzantine Coins, 1204 - 1453, in the Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford. (London, 2009).
Sabatier, J. Description générale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Münzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Münzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).

Catalog current as of Monday, September 21, 2020.
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