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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |The Restored Empire| ▸ |Andronicus II||View Options:  |  |  | 

Andronicus II Palaeologus, 1272 - 24 May 1328 A.D.

Joint rule as junior emperor with Michael (his father), 1272 - 11 December 1282 A.D.
Joint rule as senior emperor with Michael IX (his son), 21 May 1295 - 12 October 1320 A.D.
Joint rule with Andronicus III (his grandson), 2 February 1325 - 24 May 1328 A.D.
Under Andronicus II the empire permanently declined. Tax revenues dropped, the treasury was depleted, the army was drastically cut, and Turkish tribes overran most of Asia Minor. His son was co-emperor but died in 1320. After Andronicus II did not select his popular grandson, Andronicus III as heir, he rose in revolt. Even after they agreed to reign jointly, they were again at war. In 1328, the grandson took the city by surprise. At first Andronicus II retained his titles and his home in the palace. In 1330, however, forced into a monastery, he retired as the monk Anthony. Old and blind, he died 13 February 1332 A.D. Coinage may have been issued in his name until his death.
Byzantine Empire 1300

Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus and Michael IX, 21 May 1295 - 12 October 1320 A.D.

|Andronicus| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Andronicus| |II| |Palaeologus| |and| |Michael| |IX,| |21| |May| |1295| |-| |12| |October| |1320| |A.D.||trachy|
Although a brave and energetic soldier, Michael IX was defeated again and again. He made peace with Bulgaria by marrying his daughter to the Bulgarian emperor. After another defeat, he retired to Thessalonica, where his premature death at age 43 was in part due to grief over the accidental murder of his younger son Manuel by retainers of his older son Andronikos III.
BZ98876. Bronze trachy, DOC V 765; Grierson 1466; B-D LPC p. 230, 5; Bendall PCPC 229; SBCV 2457; Sommer 80.27, aF, scyphate, dark green patina, scratches, porosity, double struck, off center, edge splits, weight 1.212 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 21 May 1295 - 12 Oct 1320; obverse six-petaled flower; reverse Michael on left, standing facing, beardless, scepter in left hand, akakia in right hand; Andronicus on right, bearded, standing facing, crowning Michael with right hand, scepter in left hand; rare; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


|Andronicus| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Andronicus| |II| |Palaeologus,| |1282| |-| |24| |May| |1328| |A.D.||trachy|NEW
Under Andronicus II the empire permanently declined. His grandson, Andronicus III, rebelled and defeated him. He was forced to abdicate, retired as a monk and died 13 Feb 1332.
BZ98880. Bronze trachy, DOC V 789; B-D LPC p. 224, 32; Bendall PCPC 239; Grierson 1454; SBCV 2393; Sommer 79.31; Lianta 679, aVF, scyphate, dark near black patina, long crack, irregularly shaped flan, weight 1.185 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 1282 - 24 May 1328 A.D.; obverse large six-petal flower; reverse Andronicus standing facing, holding a large B in each hand (the left B reversed); scarce; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus and Michael IX, 21 May 1295 - 12 October 1320 A.D.

|Andronicus| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Andronicus| |II| |Palaeologus| |and| |Michael| |IX,| |21| |May| |1295| |-| |12| |October| |1320| |A.D.||assarion|
Although a brave and energetic soldier, Michael IX was defeated again and again. He made peace with Bulgaria by marrying his daughter to the Bulgarian emperor. After another defeat, he retired to Thessalonica, where his premature death at age 43 was in part due to grief over the accidental murder of his younger son Manuel by retainers of his older son Andronikos III.
BZ98877. Bronze assarion, DOC V 677; Bendall PCPC 168; B-D LPC p. 88, 96; Sommer 80.15; Lianta 793; SBCV 2435, Fair/aF, dark green patina, weight 1.719 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 21 May 1295 - 12 Oct 1320; obverse half length figure of the Archangel Michael facing, nimbate and winged, holding scepter and globus; reverse AVTOK - PWMEON (Ruler of the Romans), half length figure of Christ in center, crowning kneeling figures of Andronicus II, on left, and Michael IX, on right, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Ihsos Xrists - Jesus Christ) flanking Christ's head; from a Las Vegas dealer; first specimen of this type handled by FORVM; very rare; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus and Michael IX, 21 May 1295 - 12 October 1320 A.D.

|Andronicus| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Andronicus| |II| |Palaeologus| |and| |Michael| |IX,| |21| |May| |1295| |-| |12| |October| |1320| |A.D.||trachy|
Although a brave and energetic soldier, Michael IX was defeated again and again. He made peace with Bulgaria by marrying his daughter to the Bulgarian emperor. After another defeat, he retired to Thessalonica, where his premature death at age 43 was in part due to grief over the accidental murder of his younger son Manuel by retainers of his older son Andronikos III.
BZ98878. Bronze trachy, DOC V 778; B-D LPC p. 232, 6; Bendall PCPC 235; Lianta 814; Sommer 80.28; SBCV 2458, Fair/aF, scyphate, green patina, scratches, encrustations, weight 1.310 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 21 May 1295 - 12 Oct 1320 A.D.; obverse two concentric circles bisected by three vertical lines; reverse three-quarter length figures of Andronicus, on left, and Michael, on right, holding between them a staff topped with a cross within ring; first specimen of this type handled by FORVM; very rare; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00







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REFERENCES|

Bellinger, A. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol. V: Michael VII to Constantine XI, 1258-1453. (Washington D.C., 1999).
Bendall, S. A Private Collection of Palaeologan Coins. (Wolverhampton, 1988).
Bendall, S. & P. Donald. Later Palaeologan Coinage, 1282-1453. (London, 1979).
Dochev, K. Монети и парично обръщение в Търново XII-XIV в. (Tirnovo, 1992).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Lianta, E. Late Byzantine Coins, 1204 - 1453, in the Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford. (London, 2009).
Sabatier, J. Description gnrale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Mnzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Mnzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).

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