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Romanus III Argyrus, 12 November 1028 - 11 April 1034
Romanus III was fanatically devoted to the Virgin. His adoration found expression in the building and restoration of churches dedicated to St. Mary and also explains the Virgin's prominence on his coinage. MΘ is a Greek abbreviation for Mητερα Tου Θεου - Mother of God. ΘCE abbreviates Θεοτοκε - God-bearer, also referring to the Virgin. On one of his types, a silver miliaresion, the inscription reads: Παρθενε σοι πολυαινε ος ηλιτικη παντα κατοπθοι, which means, "He who places his hopes on thee, O Virgin all-glorious, will prosper in all he does."RS94631. Gold histamenon nomisma, DOC III part 2, 1d, Morrisson BnF 43/Cp/AV/01, Ratto 1972, Sommer 43.2.2, SBCV 1819, Wroth BMC 2, Choice VF, well centered, highest points flat (not fully struck), weight 4.311 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 12 Nov 1028 - 11 Apr 1034; obverse + IhS XIS REX REςNANTIhm (Jesus Christ King of Kings), Christ enthroned, wears nimbus cruciger, pallium, & colobium, raises hand, holds Gospels; reverse ΘCE bOHΘ RWMANW (god-bearer help the Romans), MΘ (mother of God) above center, nimbate Virgin (on right) wears pallium and maphorium, with right hand she crowns Romanus, who is bearded and wears a crown, sakkos and loros, globus cruciger in his right, four pellets in loros end below globus; from the Ray Nouri Collection; scarce; $1100.00 SALE |PRICE| $990.00
Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, 5 October 610 - 11 January 641 A.D.
NEW On 4 October 610 A.D., Heraclius arrived at Constantinople with a fleet from Africa. Assisted by an uprising in the capital, he overthrew Phocas, who was killed by the mob. Heraclius gained the throne with help from his father Heraclius the Elder. His first major act was to change the official language of the Eastern Roman Empire from Latin to Greek (already the language of the vast majority of the population).SH94510. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 3d; Morrison BnF 10/Cp/AV/07; Tolstoi 10; Sommer 11.3; Hahn MIB 5; SBCV 731; Wroth BMC -; Ratto -, aEF, nice luster, well centered slightly uneven strike, light marks, weight 4.440 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 5 Oct 610 - 613 A.D.; obverse D N hERACLI-VS PP AVC, bust facing with short beard and mustache, wearing helmet and chlamys, helmet with cross on arc and plum, cross in right hand; reverse VICTORIA AVGy I (victory of the Emperor, 10th officina), cross potent on three steps, CONOB below; from the Ray Nouri Collection; scarce; $900.00 SALE |PRICE| $810.00
Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D. (Or Heraclonas, April - Sep 641)
NEW Philip Grierson (DOC II) and Cecile Morrisson (Morrisson BnF) attribute this type to the short reign of Heraclonas, April - Sep 641 A.D.SH94501. Gold solidus, DOC II, part 2, Heraclonas 2d; Morrisson BnF Heraclonas 12/Cp/AV/02; Hahn MIB 4a; Sommer 12.2; SBCV 937; Wroth BMC -; Tolstoi -; Ratto -, VF, light scratches and marks, die wear, die breaks, weight 4.267 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 641- 647 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTINVS P P AVG, bust facing with short beard indicated by a single row of dots, wearing chlamys, tablion ornamented with pellets, and crown with cross on circlet, globus cruciger in right hand; reverse VICTORIA AVGY I (victory of the Emperor, 10th officina), cross potent on three steps, CONOBK in exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; scarce; $800.00 SALE |PRICE| $720.00
Leo I, 7 February 457 - 18 January 474 A.D.
NEW RIC X divides this type into two phases. The earlier phase (457 - 468) is distinguished by an angular form of the letter G and the spear usually pointing between the second P and E of PERPET. The later phase (468 - 473) the G's are rounded and the spear sometimes points between the E and T.SH94511. Gold solidus, RIC X 605 (S), DOCLR 524, Ratto 244, Depeyrot 93/1, SRCV V 21404, Hunter V -, VF, well centered, flow lines, scratches and marks, edge bumps/scrapes, weight 4.362 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, earlier phase, 457 - 468 A.D.; obverse D N LEO PERPET AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, spear in right hand over right shoulder, shield on left arm decorated with horseman trampling a barbarian; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG E (victory of the three emperors, 5th officina), Victory half left, head left supporting long jeweled cross in right hand, star right, CONOB in exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $800.00 SALE |PRICE| $720.00
Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.
NEW In 632, Heraclonas, Heraclius younger son, was designated Caesar and added to the coinage. Heraclonas was seven years old. The Heraclian monogram on the reverse replaces the more typical obverse inscription.SH94512. Gold solidus, Hahn MIB 48; SBCV 767; DOC II part 1, 41 (9th officina not listed); Morrisson BnF -; Wroth BMC -; Tolstoi -; Ratto -, VF, full border centering, bumps, scratches, centers weak/flat, graffiti, weight 4.359 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, 9th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 636 - 637; obverse Heraclius with long beard and mustache between his sons, Heraclonas on left and Heraclius Constantine on right, all stand facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu Θ (victory of the Emperor, 9th officina), cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, IB monogram right, CONOB in exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; rare from this officina; $600.00 SALE |PRICE| $540.00
Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.
NEW Maurice Tiberius achieved peace with Persia and stemmed losses in Italy and Africa, but lost much of the Balkans. When Focas, a junior officer, revolted Maurice and his son Theodosius were murdered.SH94509. Gold solidus, DOC I 5i (not in the collection, refs. Ratto), Ratto 1011, Wroth BMC 12, Morrisson BnF 7/Cp/AV/11, Grierson 24, Hahn MIB II 6, Sommer 7.5, SBCV 478, aVF, well centered, light marks, scratch near top edge on obverse, struck with worn dies, weight 4.405 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, 9th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 583 - 602 A.D.; obverse D N mAVRC - TIb P P AVC, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, globus cruciger in right hand, fold of paludamentum over left shoulder, helmet with plum, circlet in front and pendilia; reverse VICTORI-A AVCC Θ, angel standing facing, staurogram (rho-cross) topped staff in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, CONOB in exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $500.00 SALE |PRICE| $450.00
Byzantine Empire, Michael VII Ducas, 24 October 1071 - 24 March 1078 A.D.
NEW Cup-shaped coins were more difficult to mint than flat coins. Some scholars have theorized the cup shape was intended to distinguish debased denominations from purer types. Most likely, however, the public would have no trouble distinguishing the lower gold content. Perhaps the shape was just a style.SH94508. Gold histamenon nomisma, DOC III part 2, 2d; Morrisson BnF 55/Cp/AV/7; Wroth BMC 8; Ratto 2033; Sommer 55.2; SBCV 1868, Choice VF, well centered, flow lines, die wear, light scratches, weight 4.305 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 24 Oct 1071 - 24 Mar 1078 A.D.; obverse bust of Christ Pantocrator facing with long pointed beard, wearing nimbus cruciger, tunic & himation, right hand raised in benediction, Gospels in left hand, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Ihsoús Xristós - Jesus Christ) flanking; reverse + MIXAHΛ RACIΛ O ∆, bearded bust of Michael facing, wearing loros with six jewels on collar and crown with pendilia, vexillum in right hand with pellet on shaft below hand, globus cruciger in left hand; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $450.00 SALE |PRICE| $405.00
Byzantine Empire, Isaac Comnenus, Usurper in Cyprus, 1184 - 1191 A.D.
Isaac Comnenus maintained independent rule in Cyprus for 7 years. He was defeated by Richard the Lionheart of England during the third crusade. Isaac was imprisoned and Cyprus was never recovered by the empire.BZ95148. Bronze tetarteron, DOC IV-1 7; CLBC 6.3.3 (R4); Hendy pl., 19, 14; Morrisson BnF 63/Ch(B)02; Wroth BMC p. 596, note 1; SBCV 1994; Ratto -, aVF, rough green patina, light scratches, off center, weight 2.836 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Nicosia(?) mint, 1184 - 1191 A.D.; obverse bust of Christ facing, bearded, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right hand in benediction, Gospels in left hand; reverse ICAAKIOC ∆EC or similar, Comnenus bust facing, wearing crown, divitision and sagion, cruciform scepter in left hand, akakia in right hand; from the S. Lindner Collection; very rare; $400.00 SALE |PRICE| $360.00
Byzantine, 11th - 12th Century A.D.
BZ92112. Lead seal, Uncertain, aVF, tan surfaces, modified seal cut in the shape of a fish, the cutting, however, obscures much of the reverse inscription, obverse The Theotokos (Virgin Mary) standing facing, orans, MP - ΘV (Greek abbr.: Mητηρ Θεου - Mother of God) flanking across field; reverse Inscription; ex CNG e-auction 233 (26 May 2010), lot 571 (realized $390 plus fees); $350.00 SALE |PRICE| $315.00
Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class A3, Basil II & Constantine VIII, c. 1023 - 11 November 1028 A.D.
The emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design on the Byzantine types referred to as anonymous folles. Instead of the earthly king, these coins depict Jesus Christ, King of Kings.SH82749. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, DOC III-2, class A3; SBCV 1818; Grierson-NumisWiki ornaments 39, EF, sharp portrait, slightly uneven strike with small areas weak, slightly off center on a broad flan, tiny encrustations, closed edge crack, weight 9.691 g, maximum diameter 28.7 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 1023 - 11 Nov 1028 A.D.; obverse + EMMANOVHΛ (Latinized Hebrew: Emmanuel - "God with us"), facing bust of Christ, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, Gospels in both hands, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Ihsoús Xristós - Jesus Christ) across field; reverse + IhSuS / XRISTuS / bASILEu / bASILE (Greek: Jesus Christ King of Kings), ornamentation above and below inscription; $320.00 SALE |PRICE| $288.00
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