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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Twelve Caesars| ▸ |Britannicus||View Options:  |  |  |   

Britannicus, Son of Claudius and Messalina, b. 12 February 41 - d. 11 February 55 A.D.

Tiberius Claudius Britannicus was born in 41 A.D., the son of Claudius I and Messalina. Although the natural heir to the empire, Britannicus was passed over in favor of Nero who then had him murdered a year after his fathers' death.


Claudius, Messalina and Britannicus, 43 - 49 A.D., Tralleis (as Caesarea), Lydia

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On the slopes of Mount Messogis in the valley of the Meander, Tralles, was one of the largest and richest cities of Lydia. King Attalus had a splendid palace there. The local god was Zeus Larasios, but Apollo Pythius and other divinities were also worshiped. On the defeat of Antiochus, 190 B.C., Tralles, with the rest of Lydia, was assigned to the kingdom of the Attalids, under whose gentle sway it enjoyed peace and prosperity, and was one of the chief mints of the Cistophori. When Attalus III died without an heir in 133 B.C., he bequeathed the whole of Pergamon to Rome in order to prevent a civil war. Tralles was destroyed by an earthquake but was rebuilt by Augustus and took the name of Caesarea.
RP84886. Bronze AE 18, RPC I 2654; SNG Cop 691; SNG München 740; SNG Righetti 1107; BMC Lydia p. 345, 124; Waddington 5423; Lindgren III 535; SNGvA -, gF, toned coppery surfaces, tight flan cutting off much of the legends, porous, weight 5.559 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 0o, Tralles (Aydın, Turkey) mint, 43 - 49 A.D.; obverse TI KLAY KAI CEBAC, confronting heads of Messalina and Claudius, Claudius laureate; reverse KAIΣAPEΩN BPETANNIKOΣ, togate figure of Britannicus standing slightly left, head left, holding ears of grain in right hand; SOLD


Britannicus, Son of Claudius, b. 12 February 41 - d. 11 February 55 A.D.; Cyzicus, Mysia; His Sisters on Reverse

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Tiberius Claudius Britannicus was born in 41 A.D., the son of Claudius I and his third wife, Messalina. Although the natural heir to the empire, Britannicus was passed over in favor of Nero who then had him murdered a year after his fathers' death. Octavia was Britannicus' older sister and Claudia Antonia was his older half-sister, the only child of Claudius with his second wife, Aelia Paetina.
RP87092. Bronze AE 12, RPC I 2248 (9 spec.), BMC Mysia -, SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Hunterian -, aVF, nice portraits, green patina, centered on a tight flan, light earthen encrustations, weight 1.579 g, maximum diameter 12.1 mm, die axis 0o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, before 43 A.D.; obverse NEOC ΓEPMANIKOC (N reversed), bare head of Britannicus right, K - Y (Kyzikos) across field; reverse AN OKTA, confronted, draped busts of Claudia Antonia and Octavia; ex Savoca Numismatik, blue auction 3 (25 Nov 2017), lot 622; SOLD


Britannicus, Son of Claudius and Messalina, b. 12 February 41 - d. 11 February 55 A.D., Smyrna, Ionia

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Most authorities attribute the obverse bust to Britannicus but RPC interprets it as Nero.
RP33144. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2476; BMC Ionia p. 270, 283; Lindgren-Kovacs 562; SNG Cop 1351; SNGvA 7995; Klose Smyrna XXXI, VF, green patina, weight 3.482 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 0o, Smyrna (Izmir, Turkey) mint, 50 - 54 A.D.; obverse bare head right; reverse EΠI ΦIΛIΣTOY EIKA∆I/OΣ , (authorities Philistos and Eikadios), Nike flying right carrying trophy over shoulder; SOLD


Claudius, Messalina and Britannicus, 43 - 49 A.D., Tralleis (as Caesarea), Lydia

Click for a larger photo
On the slopes of Mount Messogis in the valley of the Meander, Tralles, was one of the largest and richest cities of Lydia. King Attalus had a splendid palace there. The local god was Zeus Larasios, but Apollo Pythius and other divinities were also worshiped. On the defeat of Antiochus, 190 B.C., Tralles, with the rest of Lydia, was assigned to the kingdom of the Attalids, under whose gentle sway it enjoyed peace and prosperity, and was one of the chief mints of the Cistophori. When Attalus III died without an heir in 133 B.C., he bequeathed the whole of Pergamon to Rome in order to prevent a civil war. Tralles was destroyed by an earthquake but was rebuilt by Augustus and took the name of Caesarea.
RP84552. Bronze AE 20, RPC I 2654; SNG Cop 691; SNG München 740; SNG Righetti 1107; BMC Lydia p. 345, 124; Waddington 5423; Lindgren III 535; SNGvA -, aF, green patina, weight 3.806 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, Tralles (Aydın, Turkey) mint, 43 - 49 A.D.; obverse TI KLAY KAI CEBAC, confronting heads of Messalina and Claudius, Claudius laureate; reverse KAIΣAPEΩN BPETANNIKOΣ, togate figure of Britannicus standing slightly left, head left, holding ears of grain in right hand; SOLD


Judaea, Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator Under Claudius and Nero, 52 - 60 A.D.

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Minted by Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator of Judaea, 52 - 60 A.D., in the names of Nero and Britannicus Caesars, the stepson and son respectively of the emperor Claudius.
JD55749. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1348, Meshorer TJC 340, SGICV 5626, RPC I 4971, VF, obverse off-center, weight 2.101 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, Jerusalem mint, 54 A.D.; obverse NEPW KΛAV KAICAP (Nero Claudius Caesar), two oblong shields and two spears crossed; reverse BPIT (Britannicus), six-branched palm bearing two bunches of dates, L - I∆ / K-AI (year 14 of Caesar) flanking trunk; SOLD


Judaea, Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator Under Claudius and Nero, 52 - 60 A.D.

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Minted by Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator of Judaea, 52 - 60 A.D., in the names of Nero and Britannicus Caesars, the stepson and son respectively of the emperor Claudius.
JD12147. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1348, SGICV 5626, RPC I 4971, VF, weight 2.123 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 45o, Jerusalem mint, 54 A.D.; obverse NEPW KΛAV KAICAP (Nero Claudius Caesar), two oblong shields and two spears crossed; reverse BPIT (Britannicus), six-branched palm bearing two bunches of dates, L - I∆ / K-AI (year 14 of Caesar) flanking trunk; SOLD


Judaea, Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator Under Claudius and Nero, 52 - 60 A.D.

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Minted by Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator of Judaea, 52 - 60 A.D., in the names of Nero and Britannicus Caesars, the stepson and son respectively of the emperor Claudius.
JD58352. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1348, Meshorer TJC 340, SGICV 5626, RPC I 4971, VF, weight 3.111 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, Jerusalem mint, 54 A.D.; obverse NEPW KΛAV KAICAP (Nero Claudius Caesar), two oblong shields and two spears crossed; reverse BPIT (Britannicus), six-branched palm bearing two bunches of dates, L - I∆ / K-AI (year 14 of Caesar) flanking trunk; SOLD


Britannicus, Son of Claudius and Messalina, b. 12 February 42 - d. 11 February 55 A.D., Smyrna, Ionia

Click for a larger photo
Most authorities attribute the obverse bust to Britannicus but RPC interprets it as Nero.
RB88156. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2476; BMC Ionia p. 270, 283; Lindgren-Kovacs 562; SNG Cop 1351; SNGvA 7995; Klose Smyrna XXXI, Fair, weight 3.653 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Smyrna (Izmir, Turkey) mint, 50 - 54 A.D.; obverse bare head right; reverse EΠI ΦIΛIΣTOY EIKA∆I/OΣ , (authorities Philistos and Eikadios), Nike flying right carrying trophy over shoulder; SOLD


Judaea, Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator Under Claudius and Nero, 52 - 60 A.D.

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Minted by Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator of Judaea, 52 - 60 A.D., in the names of Nero and Britannicus Caesars, the stepson and son respectively of the emperor Claudius.
JD55262. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1348, Meshorer TJC 340, SGICV 5626, RPC I 4971, aVF, weight 2.488 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 54 A.D.; obverse NEPW KΛAV KAICAP (Nero Claudius Caesar), two oblong shields and two spears crossed; reverse BPIT (Britannicus), six-branched palm bearing two bunches of dates, L - I∆ / K-AI (year 14 of Caesar) flanking trunk; SOLD


Britannicus, Octavia and Antonia, 48 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia

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Claudius had three biological children, all three are depicted on this coin.
SH90912. Bronze AE 21, RPC I 3656; BMC Galatia, p. 46, 13 corr. (head of Claudius); Sydenham Caesarea 61 corr. (same); SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG Tüb -; SNG Hunterian -, VF, weight 5.721 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 48 A.D.; obverse KΛAY∆IOC KAICAP BPITANNIKOC, bare head of Britannicus left; reverse KAICAP ET H OKTAOYIA ANΩNIA, Octavia and Antonia standing facing one another, clasping hands, each holding cornucopia; very rare; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

American Numismatic Society (ANS) Collections Database Online - http://numismatics.org/search/search
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 and supplements).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. One: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Giard, J-B. Monnaies de L'Empire Romain II: De Tebère à Néron. Catalogue Bibliothèque nationale de France. (Paris, 1988).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol 1: Augustus to Vitellius. (London, 1923).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. I. Augustus to Nerva. (Oxford, 1962).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sutherland, C. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. I, From 39 BC to AD 69. (London, 1984).
Toynbee, J. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
von Kaenel, H.-M. "Britannicus, Agrippina Minor und Nero in Thrakien" in SNR 63 (1984), pp. 127 - 166.
von Kaenel, H.-M. Münzprägung und Münzbildnis des Claudius. AMUGS XI. (Berlin, 1986).

Catalog current as of Sunday, October 13, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Britannicus