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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Twelve Caesars| ▸ |Claudius||View Options:  |  |  | 

Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D.

Claudius was one of the most capable, yet unlikely emperors. Shunned as an idiot by his family due to a limp and embarrassing stutter, Claudius spent the first decades of his life absorbed in scholarly studies until the death of his nephew Caligula. After Caligula's murder, the Praetorian Guard found him hiding behind a curtain in the Imperial Palace, expecting to be murdered. Instead, the guard proclaimed him emperor. His reign was marred by personal catastrophes, most notably promiscuity and betrayal by his third wife. He governed well and conquered the troublesome island of Britain. He was poisoned by his fourth wife, Agrippina Jr., mother of Nero.

Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Roman Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Egypt||drachm|NEW
RPC I quotes Walkers surface analysis of Claudius billon at 21 - 26% silver, a significant drop from the 30% silver for those of Tiberius.

The ancients did not all agree on the attributes of Serapis. A passage in Tacitus affirms that many recognized in this god, Aesculapius, imputing healing to his intervention; some thought him identical with Osiris, the oldest deity of the Egyptians; others regarded him as Jupiter, possessing universal power; but by most he was believed to be the same as Pluto, the "gloomy" Dis Pater of the infernal regions. The general impression of the ancients seems to have been that by Serapis, was to be understood the beginning and foundation of things. Julian II consulted the oracle of Apollo for the purpose of learning whether Pluto and Serapis were different gods; and he received for an answer that Jupiter-Serapis and Pluto were one and the same divinity.
SH110653. Billon drachm, RPC I 5136 (4 spec.); BMC Alexandria p. , 78; Kampmann 12.25; Emmett 76/3 (R4); Geissen -; Dattari -; SNG Hunterian -, F, dark patina, earthen deposits, scratches, porosity, weight 3.330 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 42 - 43 A.D.; obverse TI KΛ KA CE AY, laureate head right, L Γ (year 3) right; reverse draped bust of Serapis right, kalathos on head; the best of this type known to FORVM; very rare; $1250.00 (1262.50)


|Claudius|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.||as|NEW
Libertas (Latin for Liberty) was the Roman goddess and embodiment of liberty. The pileus liberatis was a soft felt cap worn by liberated slaves of Troy and Asia Minor. In late Republican Rome, the pileus was symbolically given to slaves upon manumission, granting them not only their personal liberty, but also freedom as citizens with the right to vote (if male). Following the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 B.C., Brutus and his co-conspirators used the pileus to signify the end of Caesar's dictatorship and a return to a Republican system of government. The pileus was adopted as a popular symbol of freedom during the French Revolution and was also depicted on some U.S. coins. On the Seated Liberty dollar, Liberty raises up a pileus (freedom cap) on a rod (liberty pole). Seated Liberty
RB110987. Copper as, RIC I 113, BMCRE I 202, BnF II 230, Hunter I 85, Cohen I 47, SRCV I 1860, VF, superb portrait, choice obverse, corrosion damage on reverse, weight 9.076 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 42 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P, bare head left; reverse LIBERTAS AVGVSTA, Libertas standing right, pileus (cap worn by freed slaves) in right hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; ex Solidus Numismatik auction 106 (11 Oct 2022), lot 1439; $160.00 (161.60)


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Uncertain Caesarea, Cilicia

|Cilicia|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.,| |Uncertain| |Caesarea,| |Cilicia||AE| |25|NEW
Many ancient cities of the Roman Empire were named Caesarea. Some cities used the name only for a limited period. The particular city that issued this coin is not entirely certain. The location of finds suggests the city was in Cilicia Pedias.
RP111037. Bronze AE 25, RPC Online I 4086; Ganschow I p. 58, X4; BMC Lyconia p. 31, 4; SNGvA 6350; SNG Tub 4526; SNG Leypold 2759; Lindgren 1422; Waddington 6744, gVF, attractive glossy green patina, nice portrait, weight 8.981 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 0o, Cilicia, uncertain Caesarea mint, 45 - 46 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOC KΛAY∆IOC KAICAP, bare head right; reverse Tyche seated right on pile of rocks, river god swimming at her feet, KAIC / APEΩN in two lines upper right, ETOYC E (year 5) upward on left; $160.00 (161.60)


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Gadara, Decapolis

|Decapolis,| |Arabia| |&| |Syria|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.,| |Gadara,| |Decapolis||AE| |18|
Gadara (Um Qais, Jordan), located on a mountain summit about 6 miles south-east of the Sea of Galilee, was the capital of the Roman province Peraea. The local era of Gadara (Pompeian) began in 64 B.C. Mark (5:1) and Luke (8:26-39) describe the miracle healing of a demoniac (Matthew [8:28-34] says two demoniacs) in the country of the Gadarenes.The Decapolis
RB99934. Bronze AE 18, RPC Online I 4816 (16 spec.); Rosenberger 21; Spijkerman 16; SNG ANS 1294; Sofaer 14, F, dark patina, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 4.719 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 0o, Gadara (Um Qais, Jordan) mint, 44 - 45 A.D.; obverse CEBACTOC, laureate head right; reverse ΓA∆APA, turreted and veiled bust of Tyche right, date LHP (year 108) before her; $100.00 (101.00)


|Claudius|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.||as|NEW
Minerva was ancient even to the Romans. She was of Italian or Etruscan origin and directly identified with the Greek Athena. Although a war goddess, she was also the patron of handicrafts and of wisdom. The latter is probably what made her attractive to Claudius who reportedly authored several histories, none of which, unfortunately, have survived.
RB110690. Copper as, RIC I 100, Hunter I 62, BMCRE I 149, BnF II 179, Cohen I 84, SRCV I 1861, F, green patina, slightly off center, weight 10.011 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left; reverse Minerva striding right, brandishing javelin in right, shield on left arm, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low across field; $95.00 (95.95)


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Gadara, Decapolis

|Decapolis,| |Arabia| |&| |Syria|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.,| |Gadara,| |Decapolis||AE| |19|
Gadara (Um Qais, Jordan), located on a mountain summit about 6 miles south-east of the Sea of Galilee, was the capital of the Roman province Peraea. The local era of Gadara (Pompeian) began in 64 B.C. Mark (5:1) and Luke (8:26-39) describe the miracle healing of a demoniac (Matthew [8:28-34] says two demoniacs) in the country of the Gadarenes.The Decapolis
RP99203. Bronze AE 19, RPC Online I 4816 (16 spec.); Rosenberger 21; Spijkerman 16; SNG ANS 1294; Sofaer 14, F, green patina,earthen deposits, light corrosion, weak legends, weight 6.168 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Gadara (Um Qais, Jordan) mint, 44 - 45 A.D.; obverse CEBACTOC, laureate head right; reverse ΓA∆APA, turreted and veiled bust of Tyche right, date LHP (year 108) before her; $90.00 (90.90)


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Koinon of Galatia

|Galatia|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.,| |Koinon| |of| |Galatia||AE| |21|
The reverse inscription names the authority under whom this coin was struck, Annius Afrinus, the legatus Augusti (governor) in Galatia, c. 49 - 54 A.D.
RP99638. Bronze AE 21, RPC I 3559, SNG BnF 2396, Waddington 6592, Lindgren I 1671, gF, green patina, earthen deposits, porous, reverse center weakly struck, weight 5.732 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 270o, Pessinus or Ancyra mint, c. 49 - 54 A.D.; obverse KAISAP (downward behind, S reversed), laureate head right; reverse EΠI / AΦPI/NOY (under the authority of Afrinus) in three lines within wreath; ex CNG e-auction 513 (6 Apr 2022), lot 286; rare; $90.00 (90.90)


Judaea, Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator under Claudius and Nero, 52 - 60 A.D.

|Antonius| |Felix|, |Judaea,| |Antonius| |Felix,| |Roman| |Procurator| |under| |Claudius| |and| |Nero,| |52| |-| |60| |A.D.||prutah|
In 54 A.D., violence erupted in Caesarea in response to a local ordinance restricting the rights of Jews. Jews and pagans clashed. The Roman garrison, made up of Syrians, sided with the pagans. Jews, armed with clubs and swords, gathered in the marketplace. Antonius Felix ordered his troops to charge. Violence continued and Felix asked Nero to arbitrate. Nero, sided with the pagans only increasing the Jews' anger.
JD111328. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6376; Meshorer TJC 342; BMC Palestine p. 261, 1; Sofaer pl. 220, 62; RPC I 4970, F, green patina, earthen encrustation, scratches, obv. edge beveled, prominent sprue cut, weight 2.688 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, under Claudius, 54 A.D.; obverse IOY/ΛIA AΓ/PIΠΠI/NA (Julia Agrippina [wife of Claudius]) in four lines within a wreath tied at the bottom with an X; reverse TI KΛAY∆IOC KAICAP ΓEPM (Tiberius Claudius Caesar Germanicus), two crossed palm fronds, L I∆ (year 14) below; $80.00 (80.80)


Judaea, Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator Under Claudius and Nero, 52 - 60 A.D.

|Antonius| |Felix|, |Judaea,| |Antonius| |Felix,| |Roman| |Procurator| |Under| |Claudius| |and| |Nero,| |52| |-| |60| |A.D.||prutah|
Minted by Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator of Judaea, 52 - 60 A.D., in the names of Nero and Britannicus Caesars, the stepson and son respectively of the emperor Claudius.
JD99081. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6377; Meshorer TJC 340; Sofaer 59; BMC Palestine p. 264, 21; RPC I 4971, aF, thick green patina, weight 2.695 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, under Nero, 54 A.D.; obverse NEPW KΛAV KAICAP (Nero Claudius Caesar), two crossed oblong shields with two crossed spears on far side; reverse BPIT (Britannicus), six-branched palm bearing two bunches of dates, L - I∆ / K-AI (year 14 of Caesar) flanking trunk; $45.00 (45.45)


Britannicus, Octavia and Antonia, 48 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia

|Cappadocia|, |Britannicus,| |Octavia| |and| |Antonia,| |48| |A.D.,| |Caesarea,| |Cappadocia||AE| |21|
Claudius had three biological children, all three are depicted on this coin.
SH90912. Bronze AE 21, RPC I 3656; BMC Galatia, p. 46, 13 corr. (head of Claudius); Sydenham Caesarea 61 corr. (same); SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG Tb -; SNG Hunterian -, VF, weight 5.721 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 48 A.D.; obverse KΛAY∆IOC KAICAP BPITANNIKOC, bare head of Britannicus left; reverse KAICAP ET H OKTAOYIA ANΩNIA, Octavia and Antonia standing facing one another, clasping hands, each holding cornucopia; very rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DIVVSCLAVDIVSAVGVSTVS
TICLAVDCAES
TICLAVDCAESAVG
TICLAVDCAESARAVGGERPMTRP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGGERMPMTRP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPIII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPIIII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIMPXI
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIIIMPXVI
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIIIIMPXVI
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIIIIMPXVII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIIIIMPXVIII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXPP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXIMPPP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXPPIMPXVIII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXIIMPPPCOSV
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXIPPIMPXVIII
TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVG
TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVGPMTRPIMP
TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVGPMTRPIMPPP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGGERMPMTRIBPOTPP (WITH AGRIPPINA JUNIOR)


REFERENCES

American Numismatic Society (ANS) Collections Database Online - http://numismatics.org/search/search
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P. Ripolls. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 and supplement).
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. One: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. One: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayn, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. I: De Pompeyo Magno a Matidia (Del 81 a.C. al 117 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Giard, J-B. Monnaies de L'Empire Romain II: De Tebre Nron. Catalogue Bibliothque nationale de France. (Paris, 1988).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol 1: Augustus to Vitellius. (London, 1923).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. I. Augustus to Nerva. (Oxford, 1962).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sutherland, C. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. I, From 39 BC to AD 69. (London, 1984).
Toynbee, J. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
von Kaenel, H.-M. "Britannicus, Agrippina Minor und Nero in Thrakien" in SNR 63 (1984).
von Kaenel, H.-M. Mnzprgung und Mnzbildnis des Claudius. AMUGS XI. (Berlin, 1986).

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