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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Ionia| ▸ |Other Ionia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ionia

Ionia lies in central Western Anatolia (Asia Minor) on the shores of the Aegean Sea. The region is rather small and mountainous unsuited for agriculture but excellent for seafaring. Greek settlement took place in the 11th to 10th Centuries B.C. despite hostilities with the native Luwians (Indo-European people related to the Hittites and Lycians). After resisting fairly well to the Cimmerian invasion, the Ionians were gradually conquered by the Lycian Kingdom, and later by the Persian Empire. Ionia was freed by Alexander but became a contested prize for the Hellenistic kings, until the last king of Pergamum bequeathed his land to Rome. Ionia offered the world countless philosophers and men of science, and a fabulous school of art.


Western Anatolia, c. 620 - 600 B.C., Plain Globular Type

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Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.

Unpublished! The majority of the earliest electrum issues were struck on the lighter Milesian weight standard, with hectes weighing approximately 2.35 grams. This example, however is on the heavier Phocaic standard that was used at mints such as Cyzicus, Mysia and Phocaea, Ionia.
SH85577. Electrum hekte, Phokaic standard 1/6 stater; unpublished, EF, flan cracks, weight 2.721 g, maximum diameter 8.96 mm, uncertain western Anatolia mint, c. 620 - 600 B.C.; obverse plain globular surface; reverse one small incuse square punch; extremely rare; $2560.00 (€2252.80)
 


Klazomenai, Ionia, c. 386 - 300 B.C.

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The ruins of Klazomenai (or Clazomenae) are in the modern town Urla near Izmir in Izmir Province, Turkey. It was one of the first cities to issue silver coinage. Clazomenae was attacked by the Lydian king Alyattes II in the 6th century. During the 5th century it was for some time subject to the Athenians, but about the middle of the Peloponnesian War, c. 412 B.C. it revolted. After a brief resistance, it again acknowledged the Athenian supremacy, and repelled a Lacedaemonian attack. In 387 B.C. Klazomenai and other cities in Asia were taken over by Persia, but the city continued to issue its own coins. Under the Romans, Clazomenae was included in the province of Asia, and enjoyed an immunity from taxation.
GB88963. Bronze AE 17, SNG Cop 63; SNG München 471; BMC Ionia p. 26, 82; SNG Tubingen -; SNGvA -, F, dark patina, corrosion, weight 3.540 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 0o, Klazomenai (Urla, Turkey) mint, c. 386 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; reverse ram recumbent right, KΛAZOME/NIΩN in two lines above, wreath (control symbol) lower right; ex ECIN; rare; $95.00 (€83.60)
 


Erythrai, Ionia, c. 330 - 300 B.C.

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Herakles is most often depicted on coinage wearing the scalp of the Nemean lion over his head. The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by his cousin King Eurystheus, was to slay the Nemean lion and bring back its skin. Herakles discovered arrows and his club were useless against it because its golden fur was impervious to mortal weapons. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. Herakles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight, the lion bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt but failed. Wise Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.
GB87750. Bronze AE 12, cf. BMC Ionia 76, aF, green patina, rough corrosion, weight 1.171 g, maximum diameter 12.1 mm, Ionia, Erythrai (north of Ildiri, Turkey) mint, c. 330 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion scalp headdress; reverse club and bow-case, EPY and obscure magistrates name(?); rare; $45.00 (€39.60)
 


Erythrai, Ionia, c. 315 - 300 B.C.

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The ruins of Erythrai are north of the town Ildiri in the Cesme district of Izmir Province, Turkey. The city did not lie exactly on the coast, but some little distance inland, and had a harbor on the coast named Cissus. Erythrae was never a large city, but was renowned for its wine, goats, timber, and millstones, as well as its prophetic sibyls, Herophile and Athenais. The Erythraeans were for a considerable time subject to the supremacy of Athens. About 453 B.C. Erythrae, refusing to pay tribute, seceded from the Delian League. A garrison and a new government restored the union, but late in the Peloponnesian War, in 412 B.C. it revolted again with Chios and Clazomenae. Erythrai_amphitheater
GB91335. Bronze AE 16, BMC Ionia p. 124, 62; SNG Cop 631; SNG Kayhan 326; Kinns 133, aVF, patina flaking at edge and high points, bumps, light corrosion, weight 2.808 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 0o, Ionia, Erythrai (north of Ildiri, Turkey) mint, magistrate Charmes, c. 315 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse EPY above club, magistrate''s name XAPMHΣ between the club and bow in bow-case; $40.00 (€35.20)
 


Leukai, Ionia, c. 350 - 300 B.C.

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Leukai (also Leucae or Leuce) was a small town of ancient Ionia, close to Phocaea. Leukai was, according to Pliny, on an island promontory. From Scylax we learn that it had harbors. According to Diodorus, the Persian admiral Tachos founded the town on an eminence on the sea coast in 352 B.C. Shortly after Tachos died, and the Clazomenians and Cymaeans quarreled over the town until the former took control. Leukai was near the site of the battle between the consul Publius Licinius Crassus Mucianius and the Pergamene rebel Aristonicus in 131 B.C.
GB89085. Bronze AE 11, cf. BMC Ionia p. 157, 5 (magistrate); SRCV II 4472 (same); SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG Kayhan -; SNG München -; SNG Tüb -, F, green patina, scratches, tight flan, obverse off center, weight 1.209 g, maximum diameter 11.0 mm, die axis 0o, Leukai mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo left; reverse swan standing left, head turned back right, ΛEO horizontal lower left, uncertain magistrates name clockwise starting lower left; $24.00 (€21.12)
 







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REFERENCES|

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Catalog current as of Thursday, September 19, 2019.
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Other Ionia