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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Judean & Biblical Coins| ▸ |Persian Rule||View Options:  |  |  |   

The Persian Empire in Phoenicia, Palestine, Judaea, and Egypt

The Persian Empire included Judaea and the surrounding area, even Egypt. Persian rule in the region ended with Alexander the Great's triumph.

Persian Empire, Sidon, Phoenicia, King Strato I (Adb'ashtart I), c. 365 - 352 B.C.

|Phoenicia|, |Persian| |Empire,| |Sidon,| |Phoenicia,| |King| |Strato| |I| |(Adb'ashtart| |I),| |c.| |365| |-| |352| |B.C.|, |double| |shekel|
SH48909. Silver double shekel, Elayi 2004 1345-8; cf. Betlyon 21 & 35; cf. BMC Phoenicia p. 145, 29, gVF, weight 25.428 g, maximum diameter 26.9 mm, die axis 0o, Sidon (Saida, Lebanon) mint, c. 352 B.C.; obverse armed galley with oars, advancing left, standard in stern, small figure as figurehead on bow, Phoenician regnal date year 14 (IIII-) above; reverse King of Persia with charioteer in a biga left, horses waking, Sidonian king walks behind in Asian garb carrying a cultic scepter and votive vase, Phoenician letters BA (90) above; typical weak strike, nicely centered on a full flan, lightly toned, ex Goldberg Auction 55, lot 77, 29 Oct 2009; SOLD


Persian Empire, Artaxerxes I - Darius III, c. 450 - 330 B.C., Lydia

|Persian| |Empire|, |Persian| |Empire,| |Artaxerxes| |I| |-| |Darius| |III,| |c.| |450| |-| |330| |B.C.,| |Lydia|, |daric|
This type was minted in Lydia, Anatolia, while under Persian control, prior to Alexander the Great's conquest. The Persian or Achaemenid Empire (c. 550 - 330 B.C.) was the largest empire in ancient history extending across Asia, Africa and Europe, including Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, parts of Central Asia, Asia Minor, Thrace and Macedonia, much of the Black Sea coastal regions, Iraq, northern Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Palestine and Israel, Lebanon, Syria, and much of ancient Egypt as far west as Libya.Persian Empire
SH30327. Gold daric, SGCV II 4679, Choice gVF, excellent style, weight 8.276 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, obverse Kneeling-running figure of the Great King right, transverse spear downward in right hand, bow in extended left hand, bearded, crowned; reverse Oblong punch; American Numismatic Association Certifiction Service photo certificate of authenticity, dated 11-2-78; SOLD


Persian Empire, Mazakes, Satrap of Babylon and Egypt, c. 335 - 332 B.C.

|Persian| |Empire|, |Persian| |Empire,| |Mazakes,| |Satrap| |of| |Babylon| |and| |Egypt,| |c.| |335| |-| |332| |B.C.|, |tetradrachm|
Mazakes was the Persian Satrap who surrendered Egypt to Alexander the Great. He was most likely Satrap in Babylon prior to his position in Egypt. After surrendering to Alexander, he was again Governor or an authority of some type in Babylon under the Satrap Mazaios, now working for Alexander. He may have actually been Satrap post Mazaios or at least worked together with Stamenes.

Mazakes issued Athenian type owls from both Mesopotamia and Egypt. Based on hoard evidence, most experts believe the types with thinner broader flans are from Memphis in Egypt, while those with thicker flans, more careless in execution, are from Babylon or Uruk. Most experts believe that Mazakes issued these coins in Babylon prior to 333 B.C., before his satrapy of Egypt. There is some possibility they were issued later while he governed under Alexander the Great, c. 325 - 315 B.C.
SH22453. Silver tetradrachm, Mitchiner IGIS vol 1, 12(a); Alram IP 378, VF, weight 16.603 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 270o, Mesopotamia, Babylon (Hillah, Iraq) or Uruk mint, c. 335 - 333 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse owl standing right, Aramaic inscription of Mazakes 'MaZDaKa' and monogram (possibly a fire altar symbol) to right; Ex Wayne Sayles, Ex Kovacs; rare; SOLD


Persian Empire, Lydia, Anatolia, Artaxerxes I - Artaxerxes II, c. 450 - 375 B.C.

|Persian| |Lydia|, |Persian| |Empire,| |Lydia,| |Anatolia,| |Artaxerxes| |I| |-| |Artaxerxes| |II,| |c.| |450| |-| |375| |B.C.|, |daric|
This type was minted in Lydia, Anatolia, while under Persian control, prior to Alexander the Great's conquest. The Persian or Achaemenid Empire (c. 550 - 330 B.C.) was the largest empire in ancient history extending across Asia, Africa and Europe, including Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, parts of Central Asia, Asia Minor, Thrace and Macedonia, much of the Black Sea coastal regions, Iraq, northern Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Palestine and Israel, Lebanon, Syria, and much of ancient Egypt as far west as Libya.Persian Empire
SH12096. Gold daric, Carradice Type IV A (pl. XIII, 32); BMC Arabia pl. XXVI 9; SGCV II 4680, EF, weight 8.297 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 450 - 375 B.C.; obverse Kneeling-running figure of the Great King right, bearded, crowned, dagger in right hand, bow in left hand; reverse oblong punch; rare; SOLD


Persian Empire, Samaria, c. 375 - 333 B.C.

|Judaea| |&| |Palestine|, |Persian| |Empire,| |Samaria,| |c.| |375| |-| |333| |B.C.|, |obol|
This very rare type is featured on Meshorer & Qedar's "Samarian Coinage" cover. Both sides of our specimen are superior to the cover coin. The obverse is well centered, while the reverse is a grade sharper.
SH32263. Silver obol, Meshorer-Qedar 16, gVF, weight 0.526 g, maximum diameter 9.0 mm, die axis 345o, obverse Aramaic legend (BDYHBL), Bes, bearded, facing, half-crouching, resting hands on thighs, lion skin cape fastened around shoulders (paws and tail visible behind); reverse Persian king walking right, two arrows in right, bow in left, bow-case with three arrows across shoulder; very rare; SOLD


Persian Empire, Tiribazos, Satrap of Cilicia, 388 - 380 B.C., Issos, Cilicia

|Persian| |Empire|, |Persian| |Empire,| |Tiribazos,| |Satrap| |of| |Cilicia,| |388| |-| |380| |B.C.,| |Issos,| |Cilicia|, |stater|
GS33197. Silver stater, SNGvA 5601 var. (ethnic spelling), gVF, weight 10.451 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, Issos, Cilicia mint, 386 - 380 B.C.; obverse Ahura-Mazda, head right, body terminated by solar disk, holding wreath and lotus blossom; reverse Baal standing half-left, eagle in right, long scepter in left hand, IΣΣEΩN (sic) left, Aramaic TRIBZW right; ex KŁnker auction 143, lot 233 (misattributed as SNG France 418, price realized 800 Euro), areas of porosity, well centered and struck on a particularly full flan for the type; very rare; SOLD


Persian Empire, Lydia, Anatolia, Darios I - Xerxes II, c. 485 - 420 B.C.

|Persia| |&| |Mesopotamia|, |Persian| |Empire,| |Lydia,| |Anatolia,| |Darios| |I| |-| || |Xerxes| |II,| |c.| |485| |-| |420| |B.C.|, |daric|
This type was minted in Lydia, Anatolia, while under Persian control, prior to Alexander the Great's conquest. The Persian or Achaemenid Empire (c. 550 - 330 B.C.) was the largest empire in ancient history extending across Asia, Africa and Europe, including Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, parts of Central Asia, Asia Minor, Thrace and Macedonia, much of the Black Sea coastal regions, Iraq, northern Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Palestine and Israel, Lebanon, Syria, and much of ancient Egypt as far west as Libya.Persian Empire
SH12099. Gold daric, Carradice Type IIIb A/B, SNG Cop 275, SGCV II 4679, Choice EF, weight 8.284 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, c. 485 - 420 B.C.; obverse kneeling-running figure of the Great King right, bearded, wearing crown and kidaris, a quiver at his shoulder, transverse spear downward in right hand, bow in extended left hand; reverse irregular approximately rectangular punch; SOLD


Persian Empire, Lydia, Anatolia, Darios I - Xerxes II, c. 485 - 420 B.C.

|Sardes|, |Persian| |Empire,| |Lydia,| |Anatolia,| |Darios| |I| |-| || |Xerxes| |II,| |c.| |485| |-| |420| |B.C.|, |daric|
This type was minted in Lydia, Anatolia, while under Persian control, prior to Alexander the Great's conquest. The Persian or Achaemenid Empire (c. 550 - 330 B.C.) was the largest empire in ancient history extending across Asia, Africa and Europe, including Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, parts of Central Asia, Asia Minor, Thrace and Macedonia, much of the Black Sea coastal regions, Iraq, northern Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Palestine and Israel, Lebanon, Syria, and much of ancient Egypt as far west as Libya.Persian Empire
SH89609. Gold daric, Carradice Type IIIb, Group A/B (pl. XIII, 27); Meadows, Administration 321; BMC Arabia pl. XXIV, 26; Sunrise 24, SNG Cop 275, SGCV II 4679, F, light marks, die wear, weight 8.297 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, Lydia, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 485 - 420 B.C.; obverse kneeling-running figure of the Great King right, bearded, wearing crown and kidaris, a quiver at his shoulder, transverse spear downward in right hand, bow in extended left hand; reverse irregular approximately rectangular punch; ex CNG e-auction 438, 262; SOLD


Persian Empire, Mesopotamia(?), Imitative Pi-Style V Tetradrachm, c. 350 - 332 B.C.

|Athens|, |Persian| |Empire,| |Mesopotamia(?),| |Imitative| |Pi-Style| |V| |Tetradrachm,| |c.| |350| |-| |332| |B.C.|, |tetradrachm|
Although the style is very good and similar coins are often identified as official, this coin was probably not struck in the ancient Athens mint. The ancient Athens mint had a secret mark for this Pi style type. The top side of the A would ALWAYS hit the side of the owl EXACTLY in the angle between the head and the body. The top side of the A on this coin hits the side of the owls head. It is too high. The mint that struck this coin is uncertain but most likely this coin is an imitative that was struck in Persian Empire.
GS85441. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Delepierre 1476 (high A, very similar); Svoronos Athens pl. 20, 16 (high A, clearly imitative); SNG MŁnchen 99 (high A, plated), Choice gVF, well centered and struck on a tight flan, bumps and marks, test cut reverse center, weight 16.736 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 225o, uncertain mint, c. 350 - 332 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right with eye seen in true profile, wearing crested helmet ornamented with three olive leaves and pi-style floral scroll, pellet above earring; reverse owl standing right, head facing, to right AΘE in large lettering, to left olive sprig and crescent, pellet above the owl's eyes, two rows of feathers (dots) to the right of the owl's beak; SOLD


Persian Empire, Mazaios, Satrap of Cilicia, 361 - 334 B.C., Tarsos, Cilicia

|Persian| |Empire|, |Persian| |Empire,| |Mazaios,| |Satrap| |of| |Cilicia,| |361| |-| |334| |B.C.,| |Tarsos,| |Cilicia|, |stater|
Mazaios was the Persian satrap of Cilicia beginning about 361 B.C. and in about 345 B.C. he was also made satrap of Transeuphratesia (which included Syria and Judaea). In 331 B.C., Mazaios was defeated by Alexander the Great at the Battle of Gaugamela, after which he fled to Babylon. Later that year Mazaios surrendered Babylon, the capital of the Persian Empire, to Alexander. For surrendering without a fight, Alexander appointed Mazaios governor of Babylon. He died in 328 B.C.
SH43398. Silver stater, SNG BnF 433, SNG Levante 185, VF, test cuts, weight 10.121 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 135o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 361 - 334 B.C.; obverse BLTRZ (=Baaltarz) in Aramaic behind, Baal of Tarsos enthroned half-left, lotus tipped scepter in right; reverse lion advancing left, crescent below, sixteen pointed star above, ZDI (=Mazdai) in Aramaic above; SOLD




  




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