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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Twelve Caesars| ▸ |Caius & Lucius||View Options:  |  |  | 

Caius and Lucius Caesars

Caius Caesar, born in 20 B.C. and Lucius Caesar, born in 17 B.C., were the sons of Agrippa and Julia, and the grandsons of Augustus. Augustus adopted them and designated them as his successors. As boy's, they were declared consul elect, princeps juventutis, honored with priesthoods, and admitted to the senate. In 1 A.D. Caius was consul and was sent to Armenia, where he showed talent for both civil government and military enterprise. In 2 A.D., rather than invade, Gaius met with King Phraates V and concluded peace with the Parthians, who recognized Roman claims to Armenia. The brothers seemed destined for greatness. But Lucius, the younger of the two, died suddenly at Marseilles on 20 August 2 A.D. And, on his return from Armenia, Caius was treacherously wounded by a local Roman magistrate, fell into a lingering illness, and on 21 February 4 A.D., at the early age of 24, died at Limyra in Lycia. Augustus' wife, their step-mother, Livia, was rumored to have arranged both of their deaths to advance her son Tiberius, who was later adopted as Augustus' son and heir.

Lucius Caesar, c. 1 B.C. - 2 A.D., Antiochia ad Maeandrum, Caria

|Caius| |&| |Lucius|, |Lucius| |Caesar,| |c.| |1| |B.C.| |-| |2| |A.D.,| |Antiochia| |ad| |Maeandrum,| |Caria||AE| |15|NEW
Lucius Caesar was a grandson of Augustus; the son of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia the Elder, Augustus' only daughter. Lucius was adopted by his grandfather along with his older brother, Gaius Caesar. As the emperor's adopted sons and joint-heirs to the Roman Empire, Lucius and Gaius had promising political and military careers. However, Lucius died of a sudden illness on 20 August 2 A.D., in Massilia, Gaul, while traveling to meet the Roman army in Hispania. His brother Gaius also died at a relatively young age on 21 February 4 A.D. The untimely loss of both heirs compelled Augustus to redraw the line of succession by adopting Lucius' younger brother, Agrippa Postumus as well as his stepson, Tiberius on 26 June 4 A.D.
GB96098. Bronze AE 15, RPC Online I 5478A (2 spec., added post publication), F, green patina, porous, corrosion, off center, weight 2.446 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 0o, Antiochia ad Maeandrum (near Basaran Turkey) mint, c. 1 B.C. - 2 A.D.; obverse ΛEYKOIC KAICAP, bare head of Lucius Caesar right; reverse winged caduceus, A-N/T-I in two divided lines flanking above wings, all within laurel wreath; extremely rare; $180.00 SALE |PRICE| $162.00 ON RESERVE

Gaius Caesar, Antiochia ad Maeandrum, Caria, 1 B.C. - 4 A.D.

|Caius| |&| |Lucius|, |Gaius| |Caesar,| |Antiochia| |ad| |Maeandrum,| |Caria,| |1| |B.C.| |-| |4| |A.D.||AE| |15|
The bare-headed young portrait is Gaius Julius Caesar, not Augustus. In this period, Augustus would be expected to wear a wreath, as he does on the other coins from this city. The youthful image better fits the younger man, who was both his grandson and adoptive son. Many cities issued coins for Gaius after he was made army commander in the East in 1 B.C. The winged caduceus commemorates the peace treaty he made that year with Phraates V. Attribution to Antioch on the Meander is likely but not entirely certain.
SH77422. Bronze AE 15, RPC I Supp. S-5478 (corr., 1 spec., head of Augustus, caduceus on a prow); Solidus Numismatik, auction 6, lot 209, VF, over-cleaned, porous, flan crack, weight 2.129 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, Antiochia ad Maeandrum (near Basaran Turkey) mint, 1 B.C. - 21 Feb 4 A.D.; obverse ANTIOXEΩN, bare head (Gaius Caesar?) right with slender neck and curved bust line; reverse winged caduceus in laurel wreath; extremely rare, only the 3rd known; SOLD

Caius and Lucius Caesars, c. 1 B.C., Pergamum, Mysia

|Caius| |&| |Lucius|, |Caius| |and| |Lucius| |Caesars,| |c.| |1| |B.C.,| |Pergamum,| |Mysia||AE| |18|
The brothers, Caius and Lucius, were the sons of Agrippa and Julia, daughter of Augustus. They were due to succeed Augustus but predeceased him in 4 and 2 A.D. respectively.
SH62522. Bronze AE 18, RPC I 2363, SNG BnF 2036, BMC Mysia 247, SNG Cop -, VF, weight 4.224 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, reign of Augustus, c. 1 B.C.; obverse ΓA−ION, KEΦAΛIΩN below, bare head of Gaius Caesar right; reverse ΛEY−KION, bare head of Lucius Caesar right; SOLD





American Numismatic Society (ANS) Collections Database Online -
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