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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Thrace & Moesia| ▸ |Deultum||View Options:  |  |  | 

Deultum, Thrace

The Roman Colony of Deultum (Debelt, Bulgaria today) was founded during the reign of Vespasian on the west shore of Lake Mandren between Anchialus and Apollonia, and settled with veterans of Legio VIII Augusta. The town followed the usual Roman plan, with a very good water supply, sewers, and impressive baths with floor heating. It became one of the richest towns in the province. During the reign Mark Aurelius, Deultum was protected by large fortified walls and for centuries it served as an important communication point and a bulwark against barbarian raids. In 812 Khan Krum conquered Develt (its medieval name), banished the local residents to the north of Danube River, and resettled the town with Bulgarians.

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D., Deultum, Thrace

|Deultum|, |Severus| |Alexander,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |February| |or| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Deultum,| |Thrace||AE| |24|
The Three Graces, named Euphrosyne, Aglaia and Thalia, were the attendants of Aphrodite (Venus). They are shown on Roman provincial coins as a statuary group, nude and sometimes holding apples.
RP99940. Bronze AE 24, RPC Online VI T740, Jurukova Deultum 107, Draganov, Deultum 405, Varbanov II 2252, BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, aF, green patina, near centered on a tight flan, scratches, central dimples, weight 8.625 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 180o, Deultum (Debelt, Bulgaria) mint, 13 Mar 222 - Feb/Mar 235 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse COL FL PAC DEVLT, the Three Graces standing facing with arms around each other; $55.00 (€51.70)

Macrinus, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D., Deultum, Thrace

|Deultum|, |Macrinus,| |11| |April| |217| |-| |8| |June| |218| |A.D.,| |Deultum,| |Thrace||AE| |24|
Andromeda was the daughter of Cepheus, an Aethiopian king, and Cassiopeia. When Cassiopeia's boasted that Andromeda was more beautiful than the Nereids, Poseidon sent a sea monster (Cetus Aethiopicus) to ravage Aethiopia as divine punishment. Andromeda was chained to a rock as a sacrifice to sate the monster, but she was saved by Perseus. Later Andromeda and Perseus were married.
SH71489. Brass AE 24, Draganov Deultum 119 (O19/R587), SNG Bobokov 119, Varbanov II 2129 (R5), Jurukova Deultum 61, BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, F, small flan, scratches and scrapes, weight 9.854 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 225o, Deultum (Debelt, Bulgaria) mint, 11 Apr 217 - 8 Jun 218 A.D.; obverse IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AV, radiate and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse COL FL PAC DEVLT, Perseus (on right) standing left, helping Andromeda (on left) come down from a rock after saving her, Medusa's head and harpa in his left hand, his right foot on the sea monster, Cetus Aethiopicus, turned to stone; very rare; SOLD

Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Deultum, Thrace

|Deultum|, |Philip| |II,| |July| |or| |August| |247| |-| |Late| |249| |A.D.,| |Deultum,| |Thrace||AE| |25|
We know of only one other example of this type, which is from the same dies and was discussed on Forum's Classical Numismatics Discussion Board.
RP68777. Bronze AE 25, Unpublished, 2nd known to Forum; Draganov Deultum -, see p. 90, obv 169 (same obverse die); SNG Deultum -; Varbanov II -; Jurukova Deultum -, gVF, uneven strike, weight 7.895 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 45o, Deultum (Debelt, Bulgaria) mint, obverse M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, radiate and draped bust right, seen from behind; reverse COL - F - L PA-C DE/VLT, three-quarter view of tetrastyle temple, acroteria and antefixes along roof lines, god or goddess stands in the portico (perhaps Tyche, wearing kalathos, phiale in right, cornucopia in left); extremely rare; SOLD


Corpus Nummorum Online -
Draganov, D. The Coinage of Deultum. (Sofia, 2007).
Jurukova, J. Die Münzprägung von Deultum. Griechisches Münzwerk, Schriften zur Geschichte und Kultur der Antike 8. (Berlin, 1973).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints from the Lindgren Collection. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins from the Lindgren Collection. (Quarryville, 1993).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Poole, R. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
RPC Online -
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Bulgaria I, The Bobokov Bros. Collection, Vol. I, Thrace & Moesia Inferior, Part 1: Deultum. (Bulgaria, 2005).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain-Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Grèce, Collection Réna H. Evelpidis, Part 1: Italie. Sicile-Thrace. (Athens, 1970).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Vol. II: Thrace (from Abdera to Pautalia). (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

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