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The eagle and the lion are symbols of the Legions V Macedonica and XIII Gemina, which were quartered in Provincia Dacia.
Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Provincia Dacia
The local era dates from Philip's Danubian campaign victory over the invading Carpi tribe in the summer of 246. The eagle and the lion, symbolized the legions V Macedonica and XIII Gemina, which took part in the campaign. The Provincia Dacia issues are mostly rare and were minted for only 8 years.RP68955. Bronze provincial sestertius, Aleksandar Dacia I.4.3; Varbanov I 7 (R5); BMC Thrace p. 14, 1 var. (no standard left); cf. SGICV 3873 (year 3), aVF, well centered, grainy, weight 11.966 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 30o, Ulpia Traiana(?) mint, Jul/Aug 246 - Jul/Aug 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse PROV-INCIA DA-CIA, Dacia standing facing, head left, in long chiton and Phrygian cap (pileus), curved sword in right, standard inscribed XIII in left, standard inscribed V in ground and eagle with wreath in beak on ground left, lion walking left on right, AN•I• in exergue; scarce; SOLD
Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Provincia Dacia
Dacia was abandoned during Aurelian's reign. "And because Moesia and Illyricum had been entirely devastated, losing the hope that he could still preserve the province of Dacia that Trajan had constituted beyond the Danube, he left it in the enemy's way, and he settled the Romans brought from the Dacia's cities and villages in the middle of Moesia and of the zone that now divides the two Moesiae, giving it the name of Dacia, a territory that now is on the right side of the Danube, as the river flows to the sea, while it had been on the left before" -- Breviarium ab urbe condita (breviary of the Roman history) by Euthropius, magister memoriae (chieftain of the imperial archives) during Valens' reign, c. 369 A.D.RP19678. Orichalcum provincial sestertius, Varbanov I p. 35, 32, G, weight 15.994 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, Dacia province mint, 248 - 249 A.D.; obverse M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, laureate and draped bust right, seen from behind; reverse PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left holding standards inscribed V and XII with eagle and lion at their respective bases, AN I in exergue; nice green patina; scarce; SOLD
Celts, Danube Region, Imitative of Thasos, Thrace, c. 120 - 10 B.C.
This type was first struck by Thasos, c. 168 - 148 B.C. Roman authorities struck imitatives, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in Macedonia. Tribal groups (mostly Celtic) struck imitatives from about 120 to possibly as late as 10 B.C.
Göbl OTA Class IIII/A is defined by a dissolution of the legend to illiterate imitations of Greek letters and added annulets (O’s), often with a pellet in the center (Q's).SH65453. Silver tetradrachm, Göbl OTA Class III/A; imitative of SNG Cop 1040 ff., F, typical wavy flan, weight 16.646 g, maximum diameter 31.2 mm, die axis 45o, tribal mint, c. 120 - 10 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing taenia and wreathed in flowering ivy; reverse devolved legend with Θ's, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left hand on hip, M inner left; SOLD
Aleksandar, I. Catalog Provincial Coins of Dacia, the Roman Province. (2008).
Allen, D. Catalogue of Celtic Coins in the British Museum, Vol. 1: Silver Coins of the East Celts and Balkan Peoples. (London, 1987).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974). Corpus Nummorum Online - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
Davis, P. "Dacian Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii" in Apvlvm Number XLIII/1. (2006).
Davis, P. Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii, website: http://rrimitations.ancients.info.
Dembski, G. Münzen der Kelten. Sammlungskataloge des Kunsthistorischen Museums. (Vienna, 1998).
Göbl, R. Ostkeltischer Typen Atlas. (Braunschweig, 1973).
Grueber, H. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Kostial, M. Kelten im Osten. Gold und Silber der Kelten in Mittel und Osteuropa. Sammlung Lanz. (München, 1997).
Pick, B. Die antiken Münzen von Dacien und Moesien, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. I/I. (Berlin, 1898).
Pink, K. Münzprägung der Ostkelten und Ihrer Nachbarn. (Harrassowitz, 1939).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/ Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Vol. III: Thrace (from Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, 2007).
Catalog current as of Friday, December 8, 2023. Page created in 1.015 seconds.