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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Thrace & Moesia| ▸ |Dacia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Dacia

The eagle and the lion are symbols of the Legions V Macedonica and XIII Gemina, which were quartered in Provincia Dacia.

Celts, Carpathian Region, The Dacian Costoboci(?), c. 2nd Century B.C., Imitative of Philip II of Macedonia

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Celts,| |Carpathian| |Region,| |The| |Dacian| |Costoboci(?),| |c.| |2nd| |Century| |B.C.,| |Imitative| |of| |Philip| |II| |of| |Macedonia||tetradrachm|
The Dacian Costoboci were an ancient people located, during the Roman imperial era, north of Dacia (probably north-east of Dacia), between the Carpathian Mountains and the river Dniester. During the Marcomannic Wars the Costoboci invaded the Roman empire in 170 or 171 A.D., pillaging its Balkan provinces as far as central Greece, until they were driven out by the Romans. Shortly afterwards, the Costoboci's territory was invaded and occupied by Vandal Hasdingi and the Costoboci disappeared from surviving historical sources, except for a mention by the late Roman Ammianus Marcellinus, writing around 400 A.D.
CE99269. Silver tetradrachm, Schnabelpferd type, imitative of Philip II of Macedon; CCCBM I 78 - 79; Gbl OTA pl. 28, 326/1; Lanz 666, VF, toned, marks, small spots of corrosion/encrustation, tight flan, domed obverse, weight 8.248 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 45o, northern Carpathian region mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; obverse Celticized laureate head of Zeus right; reverse Celticized naked youth on horse advancing left, "beak" horse head, rider reduced to dotted outline around curved line; $280.00 SALE PRICE $252.00


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Provincia Dacia

|Dacia|, |Philip| |I| |the| |Arab,| |February| |244| |-| |End| |of| |September| |249| |A.D.,| |Provincia| |Dacia||provincial| |sestertius|
The local era dates from Philip's Danubian campaign victory over the invading Carpi tribe in the summer of 246. The eagle and the lion, symbolized the legions V Macedonica and XIII Gemina, which took part in the campaign. The Provincia Dacia issues are mostly rare and were minted for only 8 years.
RP68955. Bronze provincial sestertius, Aleksandar Dacia I.4.3; Varbanov I 7 (R5); BMC Thrace p. 14, 1 var. (no standard left); cf. SGICV 3873 (year 3), aVF, well centered, grainy, weight 11.966 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 30o, Ulpia Traiana(?) mint, Jul/Aug 246 - Jul/Aug 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PROV-INCIA DA-CIA, Dacia standing facing, head left, in long chiton and Phrygian cap (pileus), curved sword in right, standard inscribed XIII in left, standard inscribed V in ground and eagle with wreath in beak on ground left, lion walking left on right, ANI in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Provincia Dacia

|Dacia|, |Philip| |II,| |July| |or| |August| |247| |-| |Late| |249| |A.D.,| |Provincia| |Dacia||provincial| |sestertius|
Dacia was abandoned during Aurelian's reign. "And because Moesia and Illyricum had been entirely devastated, losing the hope that he could still preserve the province of Dacia that Trajan had constituted beyond the Danube, he left it in the enemy's way, and he settled the Romans brought from the Dacia's cities and villages in the middle of Moesia and of the zone that now divides the two Moesiae, giving it the name of Dacia, a territory that now is on the right side of the Danube, as the river flows to the sea, while it had been on the left before" -- Breviarium ab urbe condita (breviary of the Roman history) by Euthropius, magister memoriae (chieftain of the imperial archives) during Valens' reign, c. 369 A.D.
RP19678. Orichalcum provincial sestertius, Varbanov I p. 35, 32, G, weight 15.994 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, Dacia province mint, 248 - 249 A.D.; obverse M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left holding standards inscribed V and XII with eagle and lion at their respective bases, AN I in exergue; nice green patina; scarce; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Aleksandar, I.K. Catalog Provincial Coins of Dacia, the Roman Province. (2008). Allen, D. Catalogue of Celtic Coins in the British Museum, Vol. 1: Silver Coins of the East Celts and Balkan Peoples. (London, 1987).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Corpus Nummorum Thracorum - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
Davis, P. "Dacian Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii" in Apvlvm Number XLIII/1. (2006).
Davis, P. Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii, website: http://rrimitations.ancients.info.
Dembski, G. Mnzen der Kelten. Sammlungskataloge des Kunsthistorischen Museums. (Vienna, 1998).
Gbl, R. Ostkeltischer Typen Atlas. (Braunschweig, 1973).
Grueber, H. A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Kostial, M. Kelten im Osten. Gold und Silber der Kelten in Mittel und Osteuropa. Sammlung Lanz. (Mnchen, 1997).
Pick, B. Die antiken Mnzen von Dacien und Moesien, Die antiken Mnzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. I/I. (Berlin, 1898).
Pink, K. Mnzprgung der Ostkelten und Ihrer Nachbarn. (Harrassowitz, 1939).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Vol. III: Thrace (from Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, 2007).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, May 17, 2022.
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