The Age of Gallienus
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Class A Folles
Armenian Numismatics Page
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Denarii of Otho
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC - Rarity Tables
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Maps of the Ancient World
Museum Collections Available Online
The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
Numismatic Excellence Award
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Rome and China
Satyrs and Nymphs
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax
The Temple Tax Hoard
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
Valerian I coins for sale in the Forum Ancient Coins shop
Valerian I was proclaimed emperor after the death of Trajan Decius. He successfully repulsed many barbarian incursions but the standard of living declined and would never recover. In 260 A.D., after four years of war during which Roman forces suffered great losses in battle and to plague, he arranged for peace talks. He set off with a small group to discuss terms with the Sasanian emperor Sapor and was never seen again. The date of his death is unknown, but in Rome it was rumored that he had been murdered and that Sapor was using his stuffed body as a footstool.
Also see: ERIC - VALERIAN I
Besly, E. & R. Bland. The Cunetio Treasure: Roman Coinage of the Third Century AD. (London, 1983).
Bourdel, B. Les Antoniniens emis sous le regne conjoint des empereurs Valerien et Gallien, Mariniane, Salonine, Valerien II, Salonin (253-260 Apr. J.-C.). (2017).
Burnett, A. & R. Bland, eds. Coin Hoards from Roman Britain: The Normanby Hoard and Other Roman Coin Hoards. (London, 1988).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Elmer, G. "Die Münzprägung der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus in Köln, Trier und Mailand." in Bonner Jahrbücher 146 (1941).
Göbl, R. et al. Moneta Imperii Romani, Band 35: Die Münzprägung des Kaiser Valerianus I/Gallienus/Saloninus (253/268), Regalianus (260) un Macrianus/Quietus (260/262). (Vienna, 2000).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, Part I, Valerian to Florian. (London, 1927).
Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) http://numismatics.org/ocre/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Schaad, D. & J. Lafaurie. Le trésor d'Eauze. (Toulouse, 1992).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume Three, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
|Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.|
VALERIANVS I. (Caius Publius Licinius), who had been voted worthy of the honour of the Censorship under the Emperor Decius, was unanimously elected Emperor in A.D. 253, solely on account of his merits, and associated with him his eldest son Gallienus. In A.D. 258 he started for the East to repel the attacks of Sapor, and in the following year was successful in re-capturing Antioch from the Persians, commemorated by coins with the legend VICT. PART., and VICTORIA PARTHICA. Valerian having entrusted the further conduct of the war against Sapor to Macrianus, his Praetorian prefect, the latter purposely betrayed the Roman army, and the Emperor was taken in A.D. 260, and died in captivity. Of his treatment during his captivity, there are conflicting statements, but the bas-reliefs do not give any representation of extreme degradation. On two it is thought that he is shown doing homage to Cyriades, the usurper set up by Sapor (Rawlinson, Seventh Anc. Mon. pp. 82,91) [VABALATHVS], but generally Sapor seems to have treated his prisoner with consideration, and to have made use of his engineering talents. (Thomas, Sassanian Inscriptions, p. 64.)
Valerian was twice married (1) to an unknown and (2) to Mariniana, of whom coins are extant, and had two children, Gallienus by his first wife, and Valerian II by his second, and perhaps another, (cf. Eckhel, vol. vii., p. 379.)
The obverse legends of the medallions and coins of Valerian I. are IMP. C. P. LIC. VALERIANVS AVG. or P. F. AVG., IMP. P. LIC. VALERIANO AVG., IMP. VALERIANVS P. or PIVS AVG., IMP. VALERIANVS AVG., IMP. VALERIANVS P. F. AVG., VALERIANVS P. F. AVG. [see Valerian II.]
The principal reverse legends are: Silver Medallions: ADLOCVTIO AVGVSTORVM (400 frcs.), AEQVITAS AVGG. (300 frcs.), MONETA AVGG. (150 to 250 frcs.) Gold Coins: AETERNITAS AVGG. (350 frcs.), ANNONA AVGG. (350 frcs.), APOLINI CONSERVA. (400 frcs.), FELICITAS AVGG. (350 frcs.), FIDES MILITVM (350 frcs.), IOVI CONSERVA. (350 frcs.), LAETITIA AVGG. (400 frcs.), LIBERALITAS AVGG. (350 frcs.), ORIENS AVGG., (350 frcs., Quin. 350 frcs.), RESTITVTOR ORBIS (Quin. 350 frcs.), ROMAE AETERNAE (350 frcs.), VICTORIA or VICTORIAE AVGG. (350 to 450 frcs.), VIRTVS AVGG. (400 frcs.) Billon or small Brass Coins (c to 12 or 30 frcs.): AEQVITAS AVGG., AETERNITAS AVGG., ANNONA AVGG., APOLINI CONSERVA, or PROPVG., APOLL. SALVTARI, CONCORDIA AVGG., CONCORDIA EXERCIT., or MILIT., CONSERVAT. AVGG., DIANA LVCIFERA, FELICITAS AVGG. or SAECVLI, FIDES MILITVM, FORTUNA REDVX, GALLIENVS CVM EXERC. SVO; Jupiter holding victory and scepter standing on a cippus, which is inscribed IOVI VICTORI; IOVI CONSERVA., CONSERVAT., or CONSERVATORI, or STATORI, LAETITIA AVGG., LIBERALITAS AVGG., OR AVGG. II, ORIENS AVGG., PACATORI ORBIS, PAX AVGG., or AVGVSTI, PIETAS or PIETATI AVGG., P.M. TR. P. II. COS. II. P.P. (A.D. 254), P.M. TR. P. III. COS. III. P.P. (A.D. 255), P.M. TR. P. IIII. COS. III. P.P. (A.D. 256), P.M. TR. P. V. COS. IIII. P.P. (A.D. 257)—one type, Valerian and Gallienus standing each other leaning on their shields, in the field two spears—an imitation of that of the coins of Caius and Lucius Cćsares on the reverse of coins of Augustus,—PROVID. or PROVIDENTIA AVGG., RELIGIO AVGG., RESTITVT. or RESTITVTI GENER. HVMANI., RESTITVTOR or RESTITVTORI ORBIS, RESTITVT ORIENTIA, ROMAE AETERNAE, SAECVLI FELICITAS, SALVS AVGG., SECVRIT. PERPET., SPES PVBLICA, TEMPORVM FELICITAS, VENVS VICTRIX, VICTORIA OR VICTORIAE AVGG., VICTORIA EXERCIT., or GERM. or GERMANICA, VICT. PART. or PARTHICA, VIRTVS AVGG., VOTA ORBIS, VOTIS DECENNALIBVS (? A.D. 250). Brass Medallions: ADLOCVTIO AVGVSTORVM (300 frcs.), FELICITAS TEMPORVM IIII ET III COS. (A.D. 257, 400 frcs.), MONETA AVGG (200 frcs.), PONTIFF. MAX. TRI. P. F. (400 frcs.), VICTORIA AVGG (200 frcs.), VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM (400 frcs.) Large Brass (200 to 400 frcs.) Second Brass (6 to 150 frcs.) All the Billon or third brass coins of Valerian I. having the bust laureated are of smaller size and better fabric than the others, they seem to have been struck from gold dies. (Cohen, Méd. Imp., 1st ed., vol. iv., p. 329, note.)
Valerianus [SALONINVS] the obverse legends of the coins of Saloninus Valerian are: LIC. COR. SAL. VALERIANVS. N. CAES., SAL. VALERIANVS CS. (Cćsar) or NOB. CAES., P. COR. SAL. VALERIANO CES. (sic), P. COR. SAL. VALERIANVS CAES., P. LIC. or P. LIC. COR. VALERIANVS CAES., P. C. L. VALERIANVS N. C. or NOB. CAES., COR. or COR. LIC. VALERIANVS CAES. (?), SALON. VALERIANVS CAES. or NOB. CAES., IMP. SALON. VALERIANVS AVG., DIVO CAES. or CAESARI VALERIANO, DIVO VALERIANO AVG.