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Eckhel

Eckhel, Joseph. Doctrina Numorum Veterum. (Vienna, 1796)


Eckhelís Doctrina Numorum at Gallica. Scans are superior to those made by Google.

Volume I: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k8530995?rk=171674;4

Volume II: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k853101b?rk=42918;4

Volume III: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k853104g?rk=85837;2

Volume IV: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k853098s?rk=21459;2

Volume V: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k851577q?rk=150215;2

Volume VI: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k851584x?rk=128756;0

Volume VII: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k851579g?rk=107296;4

Volume VIII: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k851583j?rk=64378;0

In addition, members may also have an interest in Eckhelís Catalogus musei Caesarei Vindobonensis numorum veterum.

Part I: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k8880828?rk=42918;4
Part II: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k8525380?rk=21459;2

AlsoÖ Numi veteres anecdoti ex museisÖ

http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k852932z.r=Eckhel?rk=21459;2

for the sake of... completism... Catalogus musei numorum veterum, quod auctione publica vendetur Viennae Austriae die 9 Martii 1785

http://www.e-rara.ch/bau_1/content/pageview/9341109


Google Links:

Eckhel Greek:

Vol. 1. http://books.google.com/books?id=GchmRRZfiS4C&printsec=titlepage#PPA29,M1
Vol. 2. http://books.google.com/books?id=J0n11GxYAN0C&printsec=titlepage#PPP7,M1
Vol. 3. http://books.google.com/books?id=Y3lSjJ3Ga-IC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_summary_r#PPR1,M1
Vol. 4. http://books.google.com/books?id=KyuSfW2B2OYC&printsec=titlepage#PPR5,M1

(Vols. 1-4 Ethnics index at http://books.google.com/books?id=KyuSfW2B2OYC&printsec=titlepage#PPA505,M1,
Rulers index at http://books.google.com/books?id=KyuSfW2B2OYC&printsec=titlepage#PPA522,M1,
Singular Inscriptions index at http://books.google.com/books?id=KyuSfW2B2OYC&printsec=titlepage#PPA527,M1,
Index rerum at http://books.google.com/books?id=KyuSfW2B2OYC&printsec=titlepage#PPA535,M1)

Eckhel Roman:

Vol. 5. http://books.google.com/books?id=RTPn9BboZtUC&printsec=titlepage#PPR5,M1
Vol. 6. http://books.google.com/books?id=3rOyZTcZXGIC&printsec=titlepage#PPR23,M1
Vol. 7. http://books.google.com/books?id=RVYa2z_KpqgC&printsec=titlepage#PPA1,M1
Vol. 8. http://books.google.com/books?id=kUymPHHOaPkC&printsec=titlepage#PPR3,M1

(Vols. 5-8 Emperors index at http://books.google.com/books?id=kUymPHHOaPkC&printsec=titlepage#PRA1-PA527,M1,
Inscriptions index at http://books.google.com/books?id=kUymPHHOaPkC&printsec=titlepage#PRA1-PA533,M1,
Index rerum at http://books.google.com/books?id=kUymPHHOaPkC&printsec=titlepage#PRA1-PA557,M1,
Vols. 1-8 Addenda at http://books.google.com/books?id=kUymPHHOaPkC&printsec=titlepage#PRA2-PA3,M1)


Eckhel's introductory remarks in vol. VI of his Doctrina Numorum, Vienna 1796, which may be translated/paraphrased from the original Latin (by Curtis Clay) as follows:

I proceed to the explication of the coinage of the Roman Empire. The world has not yet seen an empire more revered and famous than that of the Romans, whose very name evokes a magical admiration. But that great merit would matter little for my present project, unless the Roman Empire overshadowed earlier empires not only in power and majesty, but in the copiousness, excellence, and variety of its surviving coinage. Although an incredible quantity of Roman Republican coins have come down to us, they nevertheless leave us unsatisfied in many ways. The earliest Republican coins were in bronze only, silver was only introduced at a later date, and gold was hardly used at all. The types on the coins in either metal showed little variety, until the vanity of the moneyers and their desire to boast about their ancestry alleviated the boredom caused by the ancient simplicity. Yet the result was still not what later generations might have hoped for. Instead of ancient exploits, some of them fabulous, we would have preferred to see contemporary events depicted in the coinage, along with at least some indication of when the coins were minted. The coins of the emperors present a different picture. Apart from the regular use of all three metals, the types often recorded contemporary history, be it exceptional deeds accomplished at home or abroad, benefactions granted by the emperors to the people, honors voted to the emperors, and whatever else seemed worthy of record thoughout the great empire. In this respect Roman imperial coins far surpass those of earlier empires, however famous, which with almost no aid to history tended to repeat a single type, so that if you have seen one coin of a particular king you might think you had seen them all. Compare the coins of Philip II, Alexander the Great, the Ptolemies, Lysimachus, and others. As to dates, although we do not always know the exact year of issue, we can at least be certain that the coins were struck during the reign of the emperor whose portrait they bear. Another fact which is bound to bring pleasure to those who are interested in the history of the past is that the series of Roman emperors extends over fully fifteen centuries from Julius Caesar to Constantine XI, and the coins show us their portraits, and offer reliable, uncorrupted testimony of an empire at one time the greatest in the world, gradually laboring under its own weight and declining, and finally lapsing into utter barbarity and losing its former artistic capabilities.

Since this vast and extensive class of ancient coins not only brings great profits to historical studies, but delights the soul through its reflection of the past, it is incredible to say how eagerly, from the Renaissance on, not only noblemen but private people too have devoted time and money to collecting these remains of Roman antiquity, with an affection that has remained undiminished until the present day. It is to their enthusiasm and efforts that we owe the rich collections known from that time, and published for the benefit of the educated world. Once collectors had done their duty by acquiring and assembling these treasures, scholars did not want to be remiss in performing theirs, whether by publishing catalogues of the collections, or explaining the coin types, or showing how to distinguish genuine coins from false ones, an ability which is among the most essential in this branch of studies.

Eckhel then proceeds to a review of the literature on Roman coins up to his day.

Index

Greek

Hispania (vol. 1, p. 1)
Gallia (vol. 1, p. 62)
Britannia (vol. 1, p. 80)
Germania (vol. 1, p. 81)
Italia cum insulis (vol. 1, p. 82)
Chersonesus Taurica (vol. 2, p. 1)
Samatia Europaea (vol. 2, p. 3)
Dacia (vol. 2, p. 4)
Moesia superior (vol. 2, p. 6) (pages 6-7 missing in this copy)
Moesia inferior (vol. 2, p. 13)
Thracia (vol. 2, p. 19)
Chersonesus Thracia (vol. 2, p. 49)
Paeonia (vol. 2, p. 60)
Macedonia (vol. 2, p. 61)
Thessalia (vol. 2, p. 132)
Liburnia (vol. 2, p. 151)
Dalmatia (vol. 2, p. 152)
Illyricum (vol. 2, p. 152) (page 156 missing)
Epirus (vol. 2, p. 160)
Corcyra (vol. 2, p. 177)
Acarnania (vol. 2, p. 183)
Aetolia (vol. 2, p. 188)
Locris (vol. 2, p. 190)
Phocis (vol. 2, p. 193)
Boeotia (vol. 2, p. 195)
Attica (vol. 2, p. 205)
Peloponnesus (vol. 2, p. 228)
Achaia (vol. 2, p. 229)
Elis (vol. 2, p. 263)
Cephallenia ins. (vol. 2, p. 270)
Messenia (vol. 2, p. 275)
Laconia (vol. 2, p. 278)
Argolis (vol. 2, p. 286)
Arcadia (vol. 2, p. 292)
Creta ins. (vol. 2, p. 300)
Euboea ins. (vol. 2, p. 322) (Missing pages 323-4)
Insulae Aegaei minores Europaeae (vol. 2, p. 325) (Missing page 328)
Boporus Cimmerius (vol. 2, p. 339)
Pontus (vol. 2, p. 340)
Paphlagonia (vol. 2, p. 383)
Bithynia (vol. 2, p. 396)
Mysia (vol. 2, p. 448)
Troas (vol. 2, p. 478)
Aeolis (vol. 2, p. 491)
Lesbus ins. (vol. 2, p. 500)
Ionia (vol. 2, p. 505)
Caria (vol. 2, p. 571)
Lycia (vol. 3, p. 1)
Pamphylia (vol. 3, p. 7)
Pisidia (vol. 3, p. 18)
Isauria (vol. 3, p. 28)
Lycaonia (vol. 3, p. 30)
Cilicia (vol. 3, p. 35) (Missing pages 56 and 57)
Cyprus (vol. 3, p. 84)
Lydia (vol. 3, p. 90)
Phrygia (vol. 3, p. 127)
Galatia (vol. 3, p. 176)
Cappadocia (vol. 3, p. 186)
Armenia (vol. 3, p. 202)
Syriae reges (vol. 3, p. 209)
Commagene (vol. 3, p. 249)
Cyrrhestica (vol. 3, p. 259)
Chalcidene (vol. 3, p. 263)
Palmyra (vol. 3, p. 265)
Seleucis et Pieria (vol. 3, p. 266) (Missing 316)
Coelesyria (vol. 3, p. 328)
Trachonitis Ituraea (vol. 3, p. 339)
Decapolis (vol. 3, p. 345)
Phoenice (vol. 3, p. 353)
Galilaea (vol. 3, p. 422)
Samaritis (vol. 3, p. 428)
Iudaea (vol. 3, p. 441)
Arabia (vol. 3, p. 499)
Mesopotami (vol. 3, p. 505)
Parthia (vol. 3, p. 522)
Persia (vol. 3, p. 551)
Bactriana (vol. 3, p. 556)
Alphabectum Phoenicium et Samaritanum (vol. 3, p. 404?)
Aegyptus (vol. 4, p. 1) (Missing pages 5,6, and 9)
Numi Alexandrini (vol. 4, p. 26) (Missing pages 56, 66-71 and 76-8)
Nomi Aegypti (vol. 4, p. 99)
Marmarica (vol. 4, p. 116)
Cyrenaica (vol. 4, p. 117)
Syrtica (vol. 4, p. 130)
Byzacene (vol. 4, p. 133)
Zeugitana (vol. 4, p. 136) (Missing pages 146 and 147)
Numidia (vol. 4, p. 152)
Maurentania (vol. 4, p. 153) (Missing page 156)
Numi populorum, urbiumque incertarum (vol. 4, p. 162)
Numi regum incertorum (vol. 4, p. 167)
Numi barbarorum (vol. 4, p. 170)
Plagia barbarorum numismatica (vol. 4, p. 176)
 

Roman

Julius Caesar (vol. 6, p. 1) (Missing page 5)
M. Brutus (vol. 6, p. 19)
C. Cassius (vol. 6, p. 25)
Sex. Pompejus (vol. 6, p. 27) 26?
Lepidus IIIvir (vol. 6, p. 34)
Antonius IIIvir (vol. 6, p. 35)
Antonius IIIviri fil (vol. 6, p. 68)
C. et L. Antonius IIIviris fratres (vol. 6, p. 68)
Augustus (vol. 6, p. 69)
Livia Augusti (vol. 6, p. 146)
Octavia Augusti sor (vol. 6, p. 159)
Marcellus Octaviae fil (vol. 6, p. 161)
M. Agrippa (vol. 6, p. 162)
Julia Augusti fil (vol. 6, p. 167)
Caius et Lucius Agrippae filii (vol. 6, p. 169)
Agrippa Postumus (vol. 6, p. 174)
Drusus senior (vol. 6, p. 175)
Antonia Drusi (vol. 6, p. 178)
Tiberius Aug (vol. 6, p. 182)
Drusus jun. Ti. fil. (vol. 6, p. 202) (Pages out of order; sequence is 200, 207, 202, 203, 204, 206, 208, 209. 205 is missing)
Tiberius et. N. gemelli Drusi jun. filii (vol. 6, p. 207)
Germanicus (vol. 6, p. 208)
Agrippina Germanici (vol. 6, p. 212)
Nero et Drusus Germanici filii (vol. 6, p. 216)
Caligula (vol. 6, p. 218)
Drusilla Caligulae sor (vol. 6, p. 231)
Livilla Caligulae sor (vol. 6, p. 232)
Claudius (Ti.) (vol. 6, p. 233) (Missing page 235)
Antonia Claudii fil (vol. 6, p. 251)
Messalina Claudii (vol. 6, p. 251)
Britannicus (vol. 6, p. 253)
Agrippina Claudii (vol. 6, p. 255)
Nero (vol. 6, p. 260)
Octavia Neronis (vol. 6, p. 285)
Claudia Neronis filia (vol. 6, p. 286)
Messalina Neronis (vol. 6, p. 287)
Claudius Macer (vol. 6, p. 288)
Galba (vol. 6, p. 290)
Otho (vol. 6, p. 300)
Vitellius (vol. 6, p. 308)
Vespasianus (vol. 6, p. 319)
Domitilla Vespaiani (vol. 6, p. 345)
Domitilla Polla Vesp. mat (vol. 6, p. 349)
Titus (vol. 6, p. 350)
Julia Titi filia (vol. 6, p. 365) (Missing page 366)
Domitianus (vol. 6, p. 367) (Missing pages 368-373, 375, 377, 379)
Domitia Domitiani (vol. 6, p. 399)
Vespasianus junior (vol. 6, p. 402)
Nerva (vol. 6, p. 403)
Trajanus (vol. 6, p. 411)
Plotina Trajani (vol. 6, p. 465)
Marciana Trajani sor (vol. 6, p. 467)
Matidia Marcianae fil (vol. 6, p. 469)
Harianus (vol. 6, p. 473)
Sabina Hadriani (vol. 6, p. 519)
Aelius Caesar (vol. 6, p. 524)
Antinous (vol. 6, p. 528)
Antoninus Pius (vol. 7, p. 1) (Missing page 34)
Faustina sen. (vol. 7, p. 37)
Galerius Antoninus (vol. 7, p. 42)
M. Aurel. Antoninus (vol. 7, p. 43)
Faustina jun. (vol. 7, p. 76)
Annius Verus (vol. 7, p. 82)
L. Verus (vol. 7, p. 87)
Lucilla Veri (vol. 7, p. 98)
Commodus (vol. 7, p. 102)
Crispina Commodi (vol. 7, p. 138)
Pertinax (vol. 7, p. 140)
Titiana Pertinacis (vol. 7, p. 146)
Didius Julianus (vol. 7, p. 147)
Scantilla Juliani (vol. 7, p. 150)
Clara Juliani fil (vol. 7, p. 151)
Pescennius Niger (vol. 7, p. 152) (Missing page 156)
Clodius Albinus (vol. 7, p. 161)
Severus (vol. 7, p. 166)
Domna Severi (vol. 7, p. 194)
Caracalla (vol. 7, p. 199)
Plautilla Caracallae (vol. 7, p. 224)
Geta (vol. 7, p. 227) (Missing page 236)
Macrinus (vol. 7, p. 236)
Diadumenianus (vol. 7, p. 240)
Elagabalus (vol. 7, p. 244)
Cornelia Paula Elagabali (vol. 7, p. 258)
Aquilia Severa Elagabali (vol. 7, p. 259)
Annia Faustina Elagabali (vol. 7, p. 260)
Soaemias Elagabali mater (vol. 7, p. 264)
Maesa Elagabali avia (vol. 7, p. 266)
Alexander Severus (vol. 7, p. 267) (Missing pages 276 and 277)
Orbiana Alex. Severi (vol. 7, p. 284)
Mamaea Alex. Severi mater (vol. 7, p. 286)
Uranius Antoninus (vol. 7, p. 288)
Sulpicius Antoninus (vol. 7, p. 288)
Maximinus I (vol. 7, p. 290)
Paulina Maximini I (vol. 7, p. 296)
Maximus Caesar (vol. 7, p. 297)
T. Quartinus (vol. 7, p. 299)
Gordianus I (vol. 7, p. 299)
Gordianus II (vol. 7, p. 300)
Balbinus, et Pupienus (vol. 7, p. 305)
Gordianus III (vol. 7, p. 309)
Tranquillina Gordiani III (vol. 7, p. 318)
Philippus I (vol. 7, p. 320)
Otacilia Philippi I (vol. 7, p. 332)
Philippus II (vol. 7, p. 333) (Missing page 336)
Marinus (vol. 7, p. 337)
Pacatianus (vol. 7, p. 338)
Sponsianus (vol. 7, p. 340)
Decius (vol. 7, p. 342)
Etruscilla Decii (vol. 7, p. 347)
Herennis (vol. 7, p. 348)
Hostilianus (vol. 7, p. 350)
Trebonianus (vol. 7, p. 354)
Volusianus (vol. 7, p. 366)
Aemilianus (vol. 7, p. 371)
Corn. Supera Aemiliani (vol. 7, p. 374)
Valerianus (vol. 7, p. 376) (Missing page 386)
Mariniana Valeriani (vol. 7, p. 388)
Gallienus (vol. 7, p. 389)
Solonia Gallieni (vol. 7, p. 418)
Saloninus (vol. 7, p. 421)
Q. Jul. Gallienus (vol. 7, p. 435)
Valerianus jun. (vol. 7, p. 436)
Licinia Galliena (vol. 7, p. 437)
Postumus (vol. 7, p. 437)
Junia Donata Postumi (vol. 7, p. 447)
Postumus fil (vol. 7, p. 447)
Laelianus (vol. 7, p. 448)
Lollianus (vol. 7, p. 449)
Aelianus (vol. 7, p. 450)
Victorinus sen. (vol. 7, p. 450)
Victorinus jun. (vol. 7, p. 453)
Victorina Victorini sen. mater (vol. 7, p. 453)
Marius (vol. 7, p. 454)
Tetricus (vol. 7, p. 455)
Tetricus jun. (vol. 7, p. 459)
Piso (vol. 7, p. 460)
Valens (vol. 7, p. 461)
Balista (vol. 7, p. 461)
Regalianus (vol. 7, p. 461)
Dryantilla Regalliani (vol. 7, p. 463)
Aureolus (vol. 7, p. 464)
Sulp. Antoninus (vol. 7, p. 465)
Macrianus sen. et jun. (vol. 7, p. 465)
Quietus (vol. 7, p. 468)
Alex. Aemilianus (vol. 7, p. 468)
Trebellianus (vol. 7, p. 469)
Celsus (vol. 7, p. 469)
Saturninus I (vol. 7, p. 470)
Cyriades (vol. 7, p. 470)
Ingenuus (vol. 7, p. 470)
Claudius Gothicus (vol. 7, p. 470)
Censorinus (vol. 7, p. 477)
Quintillus (vol. 7, p. 477)
Aurelianus (vol. 7, p. 479)
Severina Aureliani (vol. 7, p. 487)
Principes Palmyrae (vol. 7, p. 488)
Firmus (vol. 7, p. 496)
Tacitus (vol. 7, p. 496)
Florianus (vol. 7, p. 499)
Probus (vol. 7, p. 500)
Bonosus (vol. 7, p. 507)
Saturnius II (vol. 7, p. 507)
Proculus (vol. 7, p. 507) (Page 507 missing)
Carus (vol. 7, p. 508)
Numerianus (vol. 7, p. 511)
Carinus (vol. 7, p. 513)
Magnia Urbica (vol. 7, p. 517)
Nigrinianus (vol. 7, p. 520)