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Caius Caesar Agrippa

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Caius Caesar, born in 20 B.C. and Lucius Caesar, born in 17 B.C., were the sons of Agrippa and Julia, and the grandsons of Augustus. Augustus adopted them and designated them as his successors. As boy's, they were declared consul elect, princeps juventutis, honored with priesthoods, and admitted to the senate. In 1 A.D. Caius was consul and was sent to Armenia, where he showed talent for both civil government and military enterprise. In 2 A.D., rather than invade, Gaius met with King Phraates V and concluded peace with the Parthians, who recognized Roman claims to Armenia. The brothers seemed destined for greatness. But Lucius, the younger of the two, died suddenly at Marseilles on 20 August 2 A.D. And, on his return from Armenia, Caius was treacherously wounded by a local Roman magistrate, fell into a lingering illness, and on 21 February 4 A.D., at the early age of 24, died at Limyra in Lycia. Augustus' wife, their step-mother, Livia, was rumored to have arranged both of their deaths to advance her son Tiberius, who was later adopted as Augustus' son and heir.


Augustus, gold aureus, RIC I 198; Lyon 68; Caliců 174a 174; BMC 498; Paris 1457. Cohen 39 (50 Fr.)., VF, ex jewelry, edge filed to make round for jewelry, weight 7.159 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon) mint, 8 - 7 B.C.; obverse AVGVSTVS DIVI F, laureate head right; reverse C CAES AVGVST, Caius Caesar galloping on horseback right, wearing bulla around neck, sword in right, shield in left, aquila between two signa in background to left; very rare


Augustus, silver denarius, RIC I 207, RSC I 43, BMCRE I 533, BnF I 1651 ff., SRCV I 1597, nice gVF, weight 3.901 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon) mint, 2 B.C. - 4 A.D.; obverse CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, laureate head right; reverse C L CAESARES AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, Caius and Lucius Caesars togate stand facing, each resting hand on a round shield with spear behind, above center on left a simpulum right and on right a lituus left


Augustus and Caius Caesar, Thessalonica Macedonia civic coinage, AE 23, RPC I 1564, gF, weight 8.444 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 60o, Thessalonica mint, 1 A.D.; obverse ΘEΣΣAΛONIKEΩN, laureate head of Augustus right; reverse ΓAIOΣ ΣEBAΣTOY YIOΣ, bare head of Caius Caesar right


DICTIONARY OF ROMAN COINS

 





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CAIUS CAESAR and LUCIUS CAESAR, the sons of M. Vipanius Agrippa, and of Julia; and the grandsons of Augustus.

Caius was born in 20 B.C. and Lucius in 17 B.C. These two young princes had become, by adoption, the sons of Augustus, who carefully superintended the education of both, having designated them as his successor in the Empire. Before they had laid aside the dress of boyhood, each was declared consul elect and princeps juventutis (see the word).  Caius was Nominated to the consulate in 5 B.C., but the period for his assuming the position was deferred. He was permitted to the wear the toga virilis in the same year; and Lucius assumed it in 2 B.C. Honored with the priesthood and admitted into the senate, they seemed destined for a life of greatness and prosperity.

But Lucius, the younger of the two died suddenly at Marseilles in A.D. 2, when on his way to Spain. Rumors suspected his step-mother Livia of arranging his sudden and untimely death to advance her son Tiberius.

Caius was sent to Asia, where he passed his year of consulship, A.D. 1. He showed talents for both civil government and military enterprise, including bringing the Parthian king Phraates IV to terms of peace.

On his return from Armenia Caius was treacherously wounded, fell into a lingering illness and died in A.D. 4 at Limyra, in Lycia, at the early age of 24. His step-mother, Livia, was again suspected of arranging his death to advance her son Tiberius.  

On gold and silver coins of Augustus, the brothers are typified together both on foot and on horseback, and styled Caesars, sons of Augustus, and principes juventutis.  On some Roman provincial bronze or brass coins, the heads of both brothers or of one of the brothers appears on one side and the had of Augustus on the other.  


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