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Persephone was the embodiment of the Earth's fertility, Queen of the Underworld, daughter of Demeter and Zeus and the consort of Hades.
Kroton, Bruttium, Italy, c. 300 - 250 B.C.
In 295 B.C., Kroton fell to the Syracusan tyrant Agathocles. When Pyrrhus invaded Italy in 280 B.C., it was still a considerable city, with twelve miles (19 km) of walls, but after the Pyrrhic War, half the town was deserted (Livy 24.3). What was left of its population submitted to Rome in 277 B.C. After the Battle of Cannae in the Second Punic War, Hannibal made it his winter quarters for three years and the city was not recaptured until 205 or 204 B.C. In 194 B.C., it became the site of a Roman colony. Little more is heard of it during the Republican and Imperial periods. GB92021. Bronze AE 18, SNG ANS 444; SNG Munich 1480; HN Italy 2234; BMC Italy p. 356, 117; Lindgren 339, aVF, green patina, porous, very nice for this rare type, weight 3.836 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, Kroton mint, c. 300 - 250 B.C.; obverse head of Persephone right, wreathed in grain; reverse three narrow crescents with horns outward, K-P-O around clockwise, one letter within each crescent; ex CNG e-auctions 233 (26 May 2010), lot 106 (est. $250, realized $270 plus fees); rare; $300.00 (Ä264.00)
Syracuse, Sicily, Hieron II, c. 275 - 215 B.C.
Hieron II was tyrant and then king of Syracuse, c. 270 - 215 B.C. His rule brought 50 years of peace and prosperity. Syracuse became one of the most renowned capitals of antiquity. He enlarged the theater and built an immense altar. The literary figure Theocritus and the philosopher Archimedes lived under his rule. After struggling against the Mamertini, he eventually allied with Rome.GB88194. Bronze hemilitron, Calciati II p. 405, 199 R1 10/3 (same obv. die); BMC Sicily p. 220, 632; SNG Cop 871; SNG ANS 598 (Agathokles); HGC 2 1497 (R1); SNG MŁnchen -, F, dark brown patina, light scratches, weight 4.436 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 45o, Syracuse mint, c. 275 - 269/265 B.C.; obverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, head of Kore-Persephone left; reverse bull butting left, club over Σ (magistrate initial) above, IE (magistrate initials) in exergue; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; $40.00 (Ä35.20)
Kyzikus, Mysia, c. 169 - 180 A.D.
In Greek mythology, Persephone, the daughter of Zeus and Demeter, is also called Kore, which simply means "maiden" in Greek. She is best known today for the myth of her abduction and marriage to Hades, and for her annual descent into the underworld as the cause of the seasons. Homer tell us that as queen of the underworld, she delivered the curses of men upon the souls of the dead. Her epithet Kore Soteira "the savior maiden" perhaps relates to the promise of a better afterlife through participating in the Eleusinian Mysteries, dedicated to the worship of Persephone and her mother, Demeter. RP91356. Bronze AE 20, RPC Online VI-2 T771 (3 spec.); von Fritze Nomisma X (1917), VI 14a; SNG BnF 581 (=Waddington 706), SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, BMC Mysia -, F, centered, porous, rough, weight 4.310 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Kyzikus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, time of Marcus Aurelius, c. 169 - 175/180 A.D.; obverse KOPHCΩTEIPA, draped bust of Kore Soteira right, wreathed with grain; reverse KYZIKHNΩN, eagle standing right, head turned back left, wreath in beak, wings open; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; very rare; $30.00 (Ä26.40) ON RESERVE