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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Heraclean Dynasty ▸ Heraclius ConstantineView Options:  |  |  | 

Heraclius Constantine, 11 January - 20 April 641 A.D.

Joint rule with Heraclius (his father), 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Joint rule as senior emperor with Heraclonas (his half-brother), 11 January - 20 April 641 A.D.
Heraclius Constantine (sometimes called Constantine III) was proclaimed joint emperor at 8 months old. Upon his father's death, he became the senior emperor, sharing the throne with his half-brother Heraclonas. He was in poor health and died after a reign of only 100 days.


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

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In 617, the Avars sent envoys to Constantinople for a meeting with Heraclius. He was warned it was an ambush and fled just in time to safety behind the city walls. Angry at their failure to capture the Byzantine emperor, the Avars plundered Thrace and returned to the Danube River carrying off 270,000 people.
SH87500. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 13d; Sommer 11.9.2; Tolstoi 138; Morrisson BnF 16; Hahn MIB 11; SBCV 738; Ratto -; Wroth BMC -, VF, well centered, broad flan, soft strike, flat areas, weak legends, weight 4.477 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 616 - 625 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIUS ET hERA CONST P P AVG, facing busts of Heraclius, on left with short beard, and his son Heraclius Constantine, beardless and smaller, each wearing a simple crown with cross on circlet, cross between them above; reverse VICTORIA AVGY E (victory of the Emperor, 5th officina), cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; $380.00 (€323.00)
 


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

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Heraclius came to power through revolt against the tyrannical Focas. He defeated the Sassanid Persians, but this only facilitated Arab conquest of Persia and the eastern Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines lost Syria and Palestine before Heraclius died and Egypt fell soon after.
BZ68100. Bronze follis, DOC II-1 243; Anastasi 66; Wroth BMC 398; Tolstoi 315; Ratto 1450; Morrisson BnF 10/Sy/AE/35; SBCV 884; Sommer 11.115, F, overstruck, weight 5.875 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 632 - 11 Jan 641 A.D.; obverse facing busts of long-bearded Heraclius and his son Heraclius Constantine, wearing short beard, cross above, all within large round countermark; traces of undertype; reverse Heraclian monogram and SCs within large round countermark; traces of undertype; $40.00 (€34.00)
 


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius Constantine, 11 January - 20 April 641 A.D.

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Most references attribute this type to Heraclius; however, Hahn (MIB) convincingly argues that the K in the reverse right field refers to Heraclius Constantine. During his very short reign, he may have thought it prudent to maintain the same type struck by his father.
SH26643. Gold solidus, Hahn MIB 52; SBCV 771 (Heraclius), gVF, weight 4.270 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, 9th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, as Senior emperor; obverse Heraclius with long beard and mustache between his sons, Heraclonas on left and Heraclius Constantine on right, all stand facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right hand; reverse VICTORIA AVGu Θ (victory of the Emperor, 9th officina), cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, K right, CONOB in exergue; scarce; SOLD







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REFERENCES

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Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Byzantini, Volume 3: Heraclius - Leo III (610 - 720). (Vienna, 1981).
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Schulze, W., I. Schulze, & W. Leimenstoll. "Heraclian countermarks on Byzantine copper coins in seventh century Syria" in Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies, Vol. 30, No. 1 (2006), pp. 1-27.
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Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, November 20, 2018.
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Byzantine Coins of Heraclius Constantine