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Persephone was the embodiment of the Earth's fertility, Queen of the Underworld, daughter of Demeter and Zeus and the consort of Hades.
Kroton, Bruttium, Italy, c. 300 - 250 B.C.
In 295 B.C., Kroton fell to the Syracusan tyrant Agathocles. When Pyrrhus invaded Italy in 280 B.C., it was still a considerable city, with twelve miles (19 km) of walls, but after the Pyrrhic War, half the town was deserted (Livy 24.3). What was left of its population submitted to Rome in 277 B.C. After the Battle of Cannae in the Second Punic War, Hannibal made it his winter quarters for three years and the city was not recaptured until 205 or 204 B.C. In 194 B.C., it became the site of a Roman colony. Little more is heard of it during the Republican and Imperial periods.GB92021. Bronze AE 18, SNG ANS 444; SNG Munich 1480; HN Italy 2234; BMC Italy p. 356, 117; Lindgren 339, aVF, green patina, porous, very nice for this rare type, weight 3.836 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, Kroton mint, c. 300 - 250 B.C.; obverse head of Persephone right, wreathed in grain; reverse three narrow crescents with horns outward, K-P-O around clockwise, one letter within each crescent; ex CNG e-auctions 233 (26 May 2010), lot 106 (est. $250, realized $270 plus fees); rare; SOLD
Syracuse, Sicily, Hieron II, c. 275 - 215 B.C.
Hieron II was tyrant and then king of Syracuse, c. 270 to 215 B.C. His rule brought 50 years of peace and prosperity, and Syracuse became one of the most renowned capitals of antiquity. He enlarged the theater and built an immense altar. The literary figure Theocritus and the philosopher Archimedes lived under his rule. After struggling against the Mamertini, he eventually allied with Rome.GI87378. Bronze AE 20, Calciati II p. 353, 192 R1 33; SNG ANS 596; BMC Sicily p. 219, 624 var. (poppy behind obv.); SNG Cop 865 var. (same); HGC 2 1469 (S); SNG Munchen -, gVF, well centered and struck, some corrosion, weight 20.1 g, maximum diameter 5.623 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 275 - 265 B.C.; obverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, head of Persephone left, wearing barley wreath, drop wearing earrings and necklace, no control symbol; reverse bull butting left, club left over IA (magistrate initials) above, IE (magistrate initials) in exergue; scarce; SOLD
Syracuse, Sicily, Timoleon and the Third Democracy, c. 344 - 317 B.C.
The goddess on the obverse has been identified by different authorities as Aphrodite, Arethusa and Persephone.SH63881. Bronze hemilitron, Calciati II p. 184, 79; SNG ANS 530 - 532, VF, weight 5.254 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, c. 344 - 317 B.C.; obverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, head of goddess (Aphrodite?) left, hair bound with fillet and tied in knot at back of head, wearing triple pendant earring and necklace; reverse forepart of Pegasos with curved wings left, Σ below; SOLD