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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Tetrarchy| ▸ |Maxentius||View Options:  |  |  | 

Maxentius, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.

Maxentius was the son of Maximianus and a talented soldier. On 28 October 306 A.D., in rebellion against Severus II, the Italians and Praetorian Guard raised Maxentius to the rank of Caesar. He quickly invited his father, who had been forced to abdicate, to resume rule. Although declared a public enemy at the famed Conference of Carnutum, Maxentius remained in control of Italy until 312 A.D. At the famous Battle of Milvian Bridge he fell from the bridge and drowned in the Tiber. His demoralized army was defeated by Constantine I.

|Maxentius|, |Maxentius,| |February| |307| |-| |28| |October| |312| |A.D.||follis|NEW
Maxentius assumed power in a rebellion against Severus II, who had removed the tax exemptions enjoyed by residents of the city of Rome. The legend CONSERVATORES VRB SVAE declares Maxentius is the Savior of the City (Rome), protecting its customs and privileges. He invited his father, Maximinian, who had abdicated, to resume rule. Although declared a public enemy at the Conference of Carnutum, he ruled Italy until at the Battle of Milvian Bridge, when he fell and drowned in the Tiber. His army was defeated by Constantine.
RT110724. Billon follis, Hunter V 17, RIC VI Roma 210, SRCV IV 15001, Cohen VII 52, VF, highlighting earthen deposits, centered on a tight flan, edge crack, weight 3.540 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Rome mint, 308 - 310 A.D.; obverse IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right, bare right shoulder from behind; reverse CONSERVAT VRB SVAE (Guardian of the city traditions), Roma seated facing in ornate hexastyle temple, head left, holding globe in right hand, spear in left hand, shield at side to right, wreath in pediment, Victories as acroteria, RBQ in exergue; $80.00 (80.80)


|Maxentius|, |Maxentius,| |February| |307| |-| |28| |October| |312| |A.D.||follis|
The Latin reverse legend abbreviates, "Saluis Augustoris et Caesaribus Felicitas Karthago," meaning, "Blessed Carthage, the Salvation of the two Augusti and two Caesars." This coin refers to the good fortune provided by Carthage to the emperors. When the Nile floods were deficient and Egypt suffered scarcity, Roman ships importing wheat steered for Carthage, from which they brought back a sufficient supply to the eternal city.
RT64550. Billon follis, RIC VI Carthago 51a, Cohen VII 103, SRCV IV 14944, VF, well centered on a full flan, weight 10.839 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, as caesar, late 306 A.D.; obverse M AVR MAXENTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART (Blessed Carthage, the Salvation of the two Augusti and two Caesars), Carthage standing facing, head left, holding up fruits in both hands, H left, ∆ in exergue; very scarce; SOLD


|Maxentius|, |Maxentius,| |February| |307| |-| |28| |October| |312| |A.D.||half| |follis|
Maxentius, the son of Maximianus, was made emperor in rebellion against Severus II. He invited his father, who had abdicated, to resume rule. Although declared a public enemy at the Conference of Carnutum, he ruled Italy until at the Battle of Milvian Bridge he fell and drowned in the Tiber. His army was defeated by Constantine.
SH04242. Billon half follis, RIC VI Aquileia 128 var. (AQΓ), cf. Cohen VII 141 (mintmark not described), SRCV IV 15044 (Rome), aEF, weight 2.47 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Aquileia mint, Feb 307 - 310 A.D.; obverse MAXENTIVS P F AVG, head right in Hercule's Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse VOT / X / FEL / Γ, in wreath; from the Aiello Collection, of greatest rarity (unlisted variety of an R5 type); SOLD










OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

MAVRMAXENTIVSNOBCAES
MAXENTIVSNOBC
MAXENTIVSPFAVG
MAXENTIVSPRINCINVICT
IMPCMAXENTIVSPFAVG
IMPMAXENTIVSPFAVG
IMPMAXENTIVSPFAVGCONSII


REFERENCES|

Calic, E. Xavier. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Diocletien Constantin I (284-337). (Wetteren, 1995).
Drost, V. Le monnayage de Maxence. (Zrich, 2013).
Gautier, G. "Le monnayage d'argent de Serdica aprs la rforme de Diocltien" in RN XXXIII (1991).
King, C. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine...Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Sutherland, R. & C. Carson. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. VI, From Diocletian's reform to the death of Maximinus. (London, 1967).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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