, Roman Protectorate, c. 168 - 166 B.C.
On 22 June 168 B.C., Aemilius Paullus defeated the Macedonian Perseus at the Battle of Pydna, and came under Roman rule. This coin was struck shortly after Rome's , under the Gaius Publilius.GB84140. Bronze AE 22, 1320, p. 5, -, gF, near black dark , , high point not fully struck, lower half of very weakly struck, 11.367 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 180o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, Gaius Publilius, , 168 - 166 B.C.; helmeted of (or Perseus) right, helmet with visor and crest, ornamented with scroll, wings, and of a ; ΓAIOY / ΠOΠΛIΛIOY in two lines within oak ; ; $95.00 (€84.55)
, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Amphipolis,
Amphipolis was on the Via , the principal Roman road crossing the southern Balkans. In 50, the apostle Paul visited Amphipolis on his way to Thessaloniki. Many Christian churches were built indicating prosperity, but the region grew increasingly dangerous. In the 6th century, the population had declined considerably and the old perimeter was no longer defensible against Slavic invasions. The lower city was plundered for materials to fortify the Acropolis. In the 7th century, a new wall was built, right through the bath and , dividing the Acropolis. The remaining artisans moved to houses and workshops built in the unused cisterns of the upper city. In the 8th century, the last inhabitants probably abandoned the city and moved to nearby Chrysopolis (formerly Eion, once the of Amphipolis).RP83483. Bronze AE 24, RPC IV online 7653 (5 spec.), 109, 1186, 3244 (R4) var. ( leg.), p. 57, 116 var. (same), aVF, , bumps, areas of light corrosion, flaw (pit) center, 8.624 g, maximum 24.2 mm, 180o, Amphipolis mint, c. 188 - 190 A.D.; AVTOK M AVP KOMM ANTΩNEINON, laureate right; AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, seated left on high-backed throne, wearing crown of city walls, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, left elbow on back of throne; $150.00 (€133.50)
Roman Military in , c. 168 B.C., Imitative of from , ,
notes crude imitations seem to have been struck in just prior to the Roman in 168 B.C. During the Republic, Roman military mints sometimes struck imitative types to make local payments. Examples include Thasian imitatives in and Philip imitatives at Antioch. This tetrobol is almost certainly one of the imitatives struck in by the Roman military.GS77476. Silver tetrobol, See p. 233 note following 2498; regarding imitatives of a 2nd century B.C. from , , , F, , 2.048 g, maximum 15.3 mm, 180o, Roman military(?) mint, c. 168 B.C.; of nymph right, wreathed with vine, hair rolled; IΣTIAEΩN, nymph seated right on stern of a galley holding naval , ornate , wing ornament on hull, trident and below; $60.00 (€53.40)
, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Amphipolis,
Tauropolos is an epithet for the goddess , variously interpreted as worshiped at Tauris, or pulled by a yoke of bulls, or hunting bull goddess. A statue of "Tauropolos" by Iphigenia in her temple at Brauron in was supposed to have been brought from the Taurians. Tauropolia was a festival of held at Athens. - RP74291. Bronze AE 22, 1633; 170; 96; 3141; p. 53, 82, aVF, green , porous, 9.092 g, maximum 22.1 mm, 0o, Amphipolis mint, 19 Aug 14 - 16 Mar 37 A.D.; TI KAIΣAP ΣEBAΣTOΣ, laureate left; AMΦIΠOΛITΩN, riding aside facing on bull galloping right, holding billowing inflated veil overhead with both ; $70.00 (€62.30)
of , c. 244 - 245 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great
The two temples and on the indicate "Two Neokorie," advertising the of held the highly prized designation "double temple guardian" of the imperial cult. The first Nekoros was awarded by . The second , indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely ∆IC (double in Greek) on coins, was first received under . The title was rescinded but then later by , probably in 231 A.D.RP79978. Bronze AE 28,
very ; $220.00 (€195.80) 833; 3, p. 229, 446; -; -; -; -; -; -, gF, rough, on , 11.370 g, maximum 28.2 mm, 90o, , Beroea(?) mint, c. 244 -245 A.D.; AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed of Alexander the Great right; two temple fronts, / M-AKE∆-O in two lines above, B NEΩKOPΩN / EOC (Era of year 275) below;
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., ,
The god is similar in appearance to Dionysos and the rites of his cult were likely similar to those of the Dionysian mysteries. The attributes of are a and hammer.RP83493. Bronze AE 26, p. 262, 25 (V2/R20), 4545 (R3), 714, 426, 1348, p. 124, 116, aVF, excellent portrait, green , large centration dimple on , bumps and marks, some light corrosion, 9.207 g, maximum 25.7 mm, 180o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, 29 Jul 238 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; AV K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; ΘECCAΛONIKEΩN, advancing left, holding hammer in her right hand, frond in her left hand; $150.00 (€133.50)
and , 2nd Triumvirate, , , 37 B.C.
The and legends combined indicate this coin celebrates the between and Rome which was established by the triumvirs.
In 37 B.C., loaned Antony the money for the army. After a five-month siege, the Romans took Jerusalem from the . Herod the Great made by Anthony, took control of his capital. was taken to Antioch where Antony had him executed. Thousands of Jews were slaughtered by the Roman troops supporting Herod.RP84077. Bronze AE 20, 1553; p. 113, 43; 806; 378; III/2, p. 121, 24; 3772, aVF, slightly rough, off center, 7.814 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 45o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, c. 37 B.C.; OMONOIA, veiled of right, wearing ; horse galloping right, ΘEΣ/ΣAΛON in two lines above, PΩM below; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., ,
was founded around 315 B.C. by Cassander, of , on or near the site of the ancient town of Therma. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a daughter of and a half-sister of Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C. it became the capital of the Secunda and in 146 B.C. it was made the capital of the whole Roman province of . Due to its and location at the intersection of two major Roman roads, grew to become the most important city in . was important in the spread of Christianity; the First Epistle to the Thessalonians written by Paul the Apostle is the first written book of the New Testament.RP79950. Bronze AE 27, p. 246, 5 (V6/-, unlisted die); 422; 4471 (R3); p. 123, 109; 873 var. ( from behind), VF, and struck, nice green , small edge split, , light marks, 11.341 g, maximum 26.7 mm, 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; AV K M AV CEV AΛEΞAN∆POC, laureate, draped, and right, from the front; ΘECCAΛONIKEΩN, advancing left, in extended right hand, frond in left hand; ; $150.00 (€133.50)
, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., ,
was founded around 315 B.C. by Cassander, of , on or near the site of the ancient town of Therma. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a daughter of and a half-sister of Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C. it became the capital of the Secunda and in 146 B.C. it was made the capital of the whole Roman province of . Due to its and location at the intersection of two major Roman roads, grew to become the most important city in . was important in the spread of Christianity; the First Epistle to the Thessalonians written by Paul the Apostle is the first written book of the New Testament.RB79951. Bronze AE 29, p. 186, 7 (V5/R9); III 618; 4295 (R4); 849 var. (no crescent), 412 var. (same); -, F, excellent portrait, dark green , adjustment marks, , 16.494 g, maximum 28.5 mm, 180o, Thessalonika (Salonika, ) mint, emission 1, phase 1, 25 Jan 98 - 103 A.D.; TPAIANOC, laureate right; ΘECAΛΛONIKEWN, flying right, raising in extended right hand, frond over shoulder in left hand, small crescent with horns up in right ; $160.00 (€142.40)
, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of , Amphipolis,
was the wife of , married to him before his succession. She was renowned for her virtue and simplicity. In 100, awarded her with the title of Augusta, but she did not accept the title until 105. did not appear on the coinage until 112. She was largely responsible for Hadrian's succession to the throne after the death of . died in 129 A.D.RP83496. Bronze AE 25, III 655 (8 spec.); p. 56, 103; 3186 (R5); 1171; 987; -; -; -, VF, green , , some corrosion and scratches, off center, , 12.382 g, maximum 24.5 mm, 180o, Amphipolis mint, 128 - c. 136 A.D.; CABEINA CEBACTH, draped right wearing , pellet within crescent with horns up left below chin; AMΦIΠOΛTWN, seated left on high back throne, wearing turreted crown, in right hand; ; $320.00 (€284.80)
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