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Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia
Amphipolis was home to an imperial cult, worshiping the living emperor, and to a cult dedicated to Artemis Tauropolos. The reverse likely depicts a local statue of Artemis Tauropolos.RP85744. Bronze AE 22, RPC II 339; BMC Macedonia p. 54, 91 - 93; SNG ANS 177; SNG Cop 100; Lindgren II 976, VF, excellent portrait, scrapes, weight 7.240 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, 13 Sep 81 - 18 Sep 96 A.D.; obverse AYTO KAICAP ∆OMITIANOC, laureate head right; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN, Artemis Tauropolos standing left, kalathos on head, long torch before her in right hand, small branch in left hand downward at side, grounded shield behind; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 45 (3 July 2016), lot 384; $140.00 (€119.00)
Macedonia, Under Roman Rule, Quaestor Aesillas, 95 - 70 B.C.
This type was apparently intended to encourage Macedonian pride by portraying the legendary national hero of the Macedonians, and at the same time clearly communicate Roman authority with name and symbols of the Roman quaestor.RP85676. Silver tetradrachm, Bauslaugh group VI (O35), AMNG III 223, SNG Cop 1330, SNG Ashmolean 3305, SGCV I 1439, VF, attractive toning, well centered, light marks, weight 16.433 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, 95 - 70 B.C.; obversehead of Alexander the Great right with horn of Ammon and flowing hair, Θ behind, MAKE∆ONΩN below; reverse AESILLAS above money-chest (cista), club, and Q over quaestor's chair (sella curulis), all within laurel wreath, no pellets; ex Nomos Obolos 6 (20 Nov 2016), lot 339 (Nomos noted, from a European collection, formed before 2000); $380.00 (€323.00)
Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia
Tauropolos is an epithet for the goddess Artemis, variously interpreted as worshiped at Tauris, or pulled by a yoke of bulls, or hunting bull goddess. A statue of Artemis "Tauropolos" by Iphigenia in her temple at Brauron in Attica was supposed to have been brought from the Taurians. Tauropolia was a festival of Artemis held at Athens. - WikipediaRP84828. Bronze AE 17, Varbanov III 3225 (R4); AMNG III / 2 p. 42, 83; SNG Hunterian 775; SNG Cop 107; SNG ANS 191; BMC Macedonia p. 57, 112; SGICV 1720, VF, legends weak, encrustations, flan flaws obverse right, corrosion, weight 4.313 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 315o, Amphipolis mint, 146 - winter 175/176 A.D.; obverse ΦAVCTEINA CEBACTH, draped bust right, hair in a braided bun at the back; reverse AMΦI−ΠO−ΛE−ITΩN, Artemis Tauropolos riding aside facing on bull galloping right, bow in left hand extended before her, drawing arrow from quiver at shoulder with right hand; ex Alex G. Malloy; $80.00 (€68.00)
Lot of 9 Nice Ancient Roman Provincial Bronze Coins
LT85427. Bronze Lot, 9 nice ancient Roman provincial bronze coins, most or all Macedonian, aVF or better, unattributed to type, no tags or flips, actual coins in the photographs, as-is, no returns; $340.00 (€289.00)
Macedonia, Roman Protectorate, c. 166 - 165 B.C.
Gaebler identified the Latin D on the reverse and the obversetype as a name pun for D. Junius Silanus, the Roman Praetor of Macedonia, in 142 - 141 B.C. This was a charming possibility but, based primarily on hoard evidence, MacKay (in ANSMN 14, 1968) and others have reassigned this type to the years immediately following the creation of the Roman Protectorate.GB84933. Bronze AE 21, MacKay pp. 8 - 9 & pl. III, 10; BMC Macedonia p. 14, 55; SNG Cop 1324 - 1326; AMNG III 212, TouratsoglouMacedonia 25; SNG Tub 1224, VF, nice green patina, reverse a little off center, weight 8.044 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 270o, uncertain Macedonian mint, c. 166 - 165 B.C.; obverse facing mask of Silenos wearing ivy wreath; reverse MAKE/∆ONΩN in two lines, Latin letter D above, all within ivy wreath; scarce; $195.00 (€165.75)
Amphipolis, Macedonia, c. 168 - 31 B.C.
In 168 B.C., the Romans invaded Macedonia and overthrew King Perseus in the First Battle of Pydna. In 149 B.C., Andriskos, at that time ruler of Adramyttium only, claiming to be Perseus' son, announced his intention to retake Macedonia from Rome. Andriskos traveled to Syria to request military help from Demetrius Soter of Syria. Demetrius instead handed him over to Rome. Andriskos escaped captivity, raised a Thracian army, invaded Macedonia, and defeated the Roman praetor Publius Juventius. Andriskos then declared himself King Philip VI of Macedonia. In 148 B.C., Andriskos conquered Thessaly and made an alliance with Carthage, thus bringing the Roman wrath on him. In 148 B.C., in what the Romans called the Fourth Macedonian War, he was defeated by the Roman praetor Q. Caecilius Metellus at the Second Battle of Pydna. He fled to Thrace, whose prince gave him up to Rome. Andriskos' brief reign over Macedonia was marked by cruelty and extortion. After this, Macedonia was formally reduced to a Roman province.GB84830. Bronze AE 21, SNG Cop 58; SNG ANS 104 (monograms obscure); AMNG III.2 p. 34, 29 var. (different monograms); BMC Macedonia -; SNG Dreer -; SNG Berry -, VF, dark patina, slightly rough, tiny edge split, weight 10.444 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 315o, Amphipolis mint, c. 187 - 31 B.C.; obversehead of Roma right, wearing earring, necklace, and Phrygian helmet ornamented with the wings, dorsal spines, and head of a griffin; reverse AMFIPO/LITWN in two lines, ΩΠNK monogram above, ΩΣ monogram below, all within oak wreath; ex Roma Auction 4 (30 Sep 2012), lot 1157; $80.00 (€68.00)
Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia
Excavations of Roman Amphipolis have revealed traces of all the impressive architecture one would expect from a thriving Roman city. A bridge, gymnasium, public and private monuments, sanctuaries, and cemeteries all attest to the city's prosperity. From the early Christian period (after 500 CE) there are traces of four basilicas, a large rectangular building which may have been a bishop's residence, and a church. -- Ancient History EncyclopediaRP84023. Bronze AE 23, BMC Macedonia p. 58, 126 (same obverse die); Varbanov 3268 (R4) var. (obv.legend); Moushmov 6106; SNG Cop -, aVF, attractive portrait, dark patina, porous, centration dimples, weight 8.283 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 0o, Amphipolis mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; obverse Λ CEΠT CE-OYHPOC ΠEP A-YΓ (YHP ligate), laureate and draped bust right; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, Tyche of Amphipolis seated left on a throne, wearing kalathos, veil, long chiton and mantle, phiale in extended right hand, star below seat; $135.00 (€114.75)
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Thessalonica, Macedonia
Thessalonica was founded around 315 B.C. by Cassander, King of Macedonia, on or near the site of the ancient town of Therma. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a daughter of Philip II and a half-sister of Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C. it became the capital of the Macedonia Secunda and in 146 B.C. it was made the capital of the whole Roman province of Macedonia. Due to its port and location at the intersection of two major Roman roads, Thessalonica grew to become the most important city in Macedonia. Thessalonica was important in the spread of Christianity; the First Epistle to the Thessalonians written by Paul the Apostle is the first written book of the New Testament.RP83478. Bronze AE 24, Touratsoglou 158 (V25/R55), McClean 3793, Varbanov 4416 (R6), Moushmov 6753, SNG Cop -, SNG ANS -, BMC Macedonia -, F, green patina, a few minor scratches, edge bump, weight 6.654 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 90o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, obverse AV K M AVP ANTΩNINOC, laureate head right; reverse ΘECCAΛONKEΩN, Nike standing right, left foot on helmet, shield held with both hands and resting on left knee; $120.00 (€102.00)
Macedonia, Roman Protectorate, c. 168 - 166 B.C.
On 22 June 168 B.C., Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeated the Macedonian King Perseus at the Battle of Pydna, and Macedonia came under Roman rule. This coin was struck shortly after Rome's victory, under the quaestor Gaius Publilius.GB84140. Bronze AE 22, SNG Cop 1320, MacKay p. 5, BMC Macedonia -, gF, near black dark patina, well centered, obverse high point not fully struck, lower half of reverse very weakly struck, weight 11.367 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, Gaius Publilius, quaestor, 168 - 166 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Roma (or Perseus) right, helmet with visor and crest, ornamented with scroll, wings, and head of a griffin; reverse ΓAIOY TAMIOY / ΠOΠΛIΛIOY in two lines within oak wreath; rare; $85.00 (€72.25)
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia
Amphipolis was on the Via Egnatia, the principal Roman road crossing the southern Balkans. In 50, the apostle Paul visited Amphipolis on his way to Thessaloniki. Many Christian churches were built indicating prosperity, but the region grew increasingly dangerous. In the 6th century, the population had declined considerably and the old perimeter was no longer defensible against Slavic invasions. The lower city was plundered for materials to fortify the Acropolis. In the 7th century, a new wall was built, right through the bath and basilica, dividing the Acropolis. The remaining artisans moved to houses and workshops built in the unused cisterns of the upper city. In the 8th century, the last inhabitants probably abandoned the city and moved to nearby Chrysopolis (formerly Eion, once the port of Amphipolis).RP83483. Bronze AE 24, RPC online IV 7653 (5 spec.), SNG Cop 109, SNG Evelpidis 1186, Varbanov III 3244 (R4) var. (obv. leg.), BMC Macedonia p. 57, 116 var. (same), aVF, well centered, bumps, areas of light corrosion, flan flaw (pit) obverse center, weight 8.624 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, c. 188 - 190 A.D.; obverse AVTOK M AVP KOMM ANTΩNEINON, laureate head right; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, Tyche seated left on high-backed throne, wearing crown of city walls, right leg drawn back, patera in extended right hand, left elbow on back of throne; $135.00 (€114.75)
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Gaebler, H. Die antiken Münzen von Makedonia und Paionia, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. III. (Berlin, 1906).
Head, B. V. British Museum Catalogue of Greek Coins, Macedonia, etc. (London, 1879).
Josifovski, P. Roman Mint of Stobi. (Skopje, 2001).
Josifovski, P. Stobi - The Kuzmanoviæ Collection, Vol. I. (Skopje, 2010).
Lindgren, H. C. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints from the Lindgren Collection. (1989).
Lindgren, H. C. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins from the Lindgren Collection. (1993).
MacKay, P. A. "Bronze Coinage in Macedonia, 168-166 B.C." in ANS MN 14 (1968), pp. 5 - 13, pl. III.
Prokopov, I. Der Silberprägung der Insel Thasos und die Tetradrachmen des "thasischen Typs" vom 2.-1. Jahrhundert v.Chr. (Berlin, 2006). RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Austria, Klagenfurt, Landesmuseum für Kärnten, Sammlung Dreer, Part 3: Thracien-Macedonien-Päonien. (Klagenfurt, 1990). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum. Volume 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (New Jersey, 1981). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain-Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, SNG Grèce, Collection Réna H. Evelpidis, Part 2: Macédoine-Thessalie-Illyrie-Epire-Corcyre. (Athens, 1975). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece, Volume IV, Numismatic Museum, Athens, The Petros Z. Saroglos Collection, Part 1: Macedonia. (Athens, 2005). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 7: Macedonia 1 (Cities, Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, Paeonian kings). (New York, 1987).
Touratsoglou, I. Die Münzstätte von Thessaloniki in der römischen Kaiserzeit. AMUGS XII. (Berlin, 1988).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Volume III: Thrace (from Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, 2007).
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