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Varbanov, Ivan. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values. (Bourgas, 2005 - 2007).

Volume I: Dacia, Moesia Superior & Moesia Inferior. (Bourgas, 2005). 468 pages, 5821 coins.

Volume II: Thrace (from Abdera to Pautalia). (Bourgas, 2005).  471 pages, 5492 coins.

Volume III: Thrace (from Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, 2007). 552 pages, 4837 coins.


The long awaited English version of Varbanovs guide to coins of the Balkans Peninsula is completed and published.  This reference is vastly superior to the translation of Moushmov which is available for free on the internet.  It is a comprehensive guide to the coins of the cities of Dacia, Moesia Inferior and Thrace.  Over 15,000 coins are described and a substantial number of the coins are illustrated both observe and reverse.  Each coin description includes a citation, if one exists, as well as a value in Euros for the coin in VF condition. Greek Imperial Coins begins with a section dedicated to describing the variety of reverses found on the coinage of the Balkans. This section is approximately 18 pages long and is vastly superior to the analogous section in Sears Greek Imperial Coins because all of Varbanovs types are illustrated. There are listings of the major types, including Deities, Personifications, Colonial Types and Animals.  All of the descriptions include at least one or more photographs.  In the case of the Deities, details of the scenes and motifs they are likely to be found with are described as well as their Greek and Roman names. The section covering the Deities is the best overall guide that I have seen regarding the Gods on coins. After these introductory sections, the coinage catalog begins.  As a prelude to each city and province, there is a very brief historical overview.  Then follows the actual coin descriptions.  The coin listings are Grouped by City, then by Emperor (or family member) and then by Reverse Legend.  The observe legends and types are contained in tables at the start of each Emperor section, very much like RIC.

Varbanov's Degrees of Rarity

R1 Over 1500 exemplars
R2 From 1000 to 1500 exemplars
R3 From 500 to 1000 exemplars
R4 From 200 to 500 exemplars
R5 From 100 to 200 exemplars
R6 From 50 to 100 exemplars
R7 From 20 to 50 exemplars
R8 Rare. From 5 to 20 exemplars
R9 Extremely Rare. From 3 to 5 exemplars
R10 Unique. From 1 to 2 exemplars

The "number of exemplars" seems to be an estimate of the total thought to exist, rather than a firm count of the number of published examples. Based on market records, some coins listed as R5 - R7 are common, but some are scarce or rare. Varbanov's degree of rarity is important but it is not the only factor Forum uses to assess rarity for our shop catalog listings.  

Key to References Used by Varbanov (with his numbering)

Bold indicates references frequently used by Forum in conjunction with Varbanov.

1. Karayotov 1992
2. Jurukova Hadrianopolis
3. Moushmov
4. Jurukova Deultum
6. Cohen (also #41 and #89)
7. SNGvA
8. Mller Afrique
9. Heiss
10. Rec Gn
11. RSC I - V
12. AMNG II (Strack)
13-39. BMC Greek
15. BMC Thrace
16. BMC Macedonia
40. SRCV
41. Cohen (also #6)
42. Kharitonov
43. Jurukova Bizye
44. Schnert-Geiss Byzantion
45. Schnert Perinthos
46. Schnert-Geiss Augusta Traiana
47. AMNG I/II (Pick)
48. AMNG II (Strack) (also #12)
49. Mouchmov Serdica
50. Topalov Messambria
51. Numizmatika i sfragistika IV
52. Ruzicka Pautalia
53. Karayotov 2001
54. Proceedings of Veliko Tarnovo Museum
55. Proceedings of the Historical Museum Lovech
56. Proceedings of the Historical Museum of Plovdiv
57. Proceedings of the Historical Museum Sofia
58. Schnert-Geiss Maroneia
60. Numizmatika i sfragistika VI
61. Proceedings of the IBA (1946).
62. Proceedings of PAM: Mushmov, etc. Ancient coins of Plovdiv. (1924).
63. Plovdiv Hoard
64. Proceedings of Vlad Gerasimov T. Contribution to the numismatics of Odesos
65. Tzotchev
66. SGCV I - II
67. Burnett
68. Minkova
69. Ulrike Stephanos
70. SNG Milan
71. Yearbook of the National Archaeological Museum Plovdiv, book VI (1968).
72. Kolev
73. Yearbook of the National Archaeological Museum Plovdiv, book IX (1999).
74. Zhekov Medallions
75. Tacheva
76. Kuzishchin
77. Faodorovar
78. Numismatic research 3 - 4 (Sophia, 1996)
79. Numismatic research 1 - 2 (Sophia, 1998)
80. Secasanu Greek
81. Secasanu Roman
82. Bozhkova Monuments
83. Bozhkova Monuments (also #82)
84. Dzanev
85. Bozhkova
86. SNG Stancomb
87. Encyclopedia Bulgaria
88. Kharitonov Bulgaria
89. Cohen (also #6 and #41)
90. Heiss Antiques
91. Spijkerman
92. Svoronos Crete
93. Rosenberger
94. Sydenham Cappadocia
95. Wruck
96. Staal
97. Bellinger Philippi
98. RPC I
99. Chitwood
100. Ivanov Bulgaria
101. Dimitrov Dionysopolis
102. Zhekov Viminacium
103. Peter Topeiros
104. Griechisches Mnzwerk, Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften (2001).
105. Josifovski
106. Touratsoglou
107. Collart
109. Papaefthymiou


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