- The Collaborative Numismatics Project
  Explore Our Website And Find Joy In The History, Numismatics, Art, Mythology, And Geography Of Coins!!! NumisWiki Is An Enormous Unique Resource Including Hundreds Of Books And Thousands Of Articles Online!!! The Column On The Left Includes Our "Best of NumisWiki" Menu If You Are New To Collecting - Start With Ancient Coin Collecting 101 NumisWiki Includes The Encyclopedia of Roman Coins and Historia Nummorum If You Have Written A Numismatic Article - Please Add It To NumisWiki All Blue Text On The Website Is Linked - Keep Clicking To ENDLESSLY EXPLORE!!! Please Visit Our Shop And Find A Coin You Love Today!!!

× Resources Home
Home
New Articles
Most Popular
Recent Changes
Current Projects
Admin Discussions
Guidelines
How to
zoom.asp
Index Of All Titles


BEST OF

AEQVITI
Aes Formatum
Aes Grave
Aes Rude
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Weapons
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Folles
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Antioch Officinae
Aphlaston
Armenian Numismatics Page
Brockage
Byzantine
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
Carausius
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Clashed Dies
Codewords
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Danubian Celts
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denomination
Denarii of Otho
Diameter 101
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Draco
Edict on Prices
ERIC
ERIC - Rarity Tables
Etruscan Alphabet
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
EQVITI
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Fibula
Flavian
Fourree
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Gallienus Zoo
Greek Alphabet
Greek Coins
Greek Dates
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Hasmoneans
Hasmonean Dynasty
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Historia Numorum
Horse Harnesses
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Julian II: The Beard and the Bull
Julius Caesar - The Funeral Speech
Koson
Kushan Coins
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Latin Plurals
Latin Pronunciation
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Malloy Weapons
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
Mint Marks
Monogram
Museum Collections Available Online
Nabataean Alphabet
Nabataean Numerals
The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
Numismatic German
Numismatic Italian
Numismatic Spanish
Parthian Coins
Patina 101
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Militaria
Roman Mints
Roman Names
romancoin.info
Rome and China
Satyrs and Nymphs
Scarabs
Serdi Celts
Serrated
Siglos
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Statuary Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Syracusian Folles
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax
The Temple Tax Hoard
Test Cut
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
Vabalathus
Venus Cloacina
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
Widow's Mite
XXI

   View Menu
 

Coins of the Sasanian Empire

With the overthrow of the Parthians in 224, Ardashir I founded the Sasanian Empire which was for over four centuries, alongside the Roman-Byzantine Empire, one of the main powers in Western and Central Asia. At its greatest extent, the Sassanid Empire encompassed all of today's Iran, Iraq, the Levant (Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan, Israel), the Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Dagestan), Egypt, parts of Turkey, much of Central Asia (Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan), the Persian Gulf countries, Yemen, Oman and Pakistan. It was overthrown by the Rashidun Caliphate in 651. Much of what later became known as Islamic culture in architecture, poetry, etc. was conveyed to the Muslim world by the Sasanids.

Sasanian Empire coins for sale in Forum's Shop

Also see:
Sasanian Dates
Sasanian Mints
Sasanian Names
Sasanian Timeline

Online Resources

T. K. Mallon's Sasanian Empire Pages - archived copy available: http://web.archive.org/web/20140326092955/http://www.grifterrec.com/coins/sasania/sasanian.html

ZENO.RU - Oriental Coins Database Sasanian page - http://www.zeno.ru/showgallery.php?cat=2805

Beast Coins Sasanian Coins page - http://www.beastcoins.com/Sasanian/Sasanian.htm

The British Museum Sasanian coin project - http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/research_projects/all_current_projects/sasanian_coin_project.aspx

Kings, Reigns, General Rarity, and SNS Volume

Ardashir I, 224 - 241, common, SNS I
Shapur I, 241 - 272, very common, SNS I
Hormazd I (Ohrmazd I), 272 - 273, very rare, SNS II
Varhran I,  273 - 276, scarce, SNS II
Varhran II, 276 - 293, scarce, SNS II
Varhran III, 293 AD, scarce, SNS II
Narseh, 293 - 303 AD, scarce, SNS II
Hormazd II (Ohrmazd II), 303 - 309, scarce, SNS II
Shapur II, 309 - 379, very common, SNS III
Ardashir II, 379 - 383, rare, SNS III
Shapur III, 383 - 388, common, SNS III
Varhran IV, 388 - 399, common, SNS III
Yazdgard I, 399 - 420, common, SNS III
Varhran V, 420 - 438, common, SNS III
Yazdgard II, 438 - 457, common, SNS III
Hormazd III (Ohrmazd III), 457 - 459, scarce, SNS III
Peroz I, 457/459 - 484, common, SNS III
Valkash, 484 - 488, common, SNS III
Kavad I, 488 - 531, very common, SNS III
Zamasp, 518 - 520, rare
Khusro I (Xusro I), 531 - 579, very common
Hormazd IV (Ohrmazd IV), 579 - 590, very common
Varhran  VI, 590 - 591, rare
Vistahm, 591 - 597, very rare
Hormazd V (Ohrmazd V), 591 - 597, scarce
Khusro II (Xusro II), 590/591, 590/591 - 600/601, and 627/628, very common
Kavad II, spring - September 628, very rare
Ardashir III, fall 628 - summer 629, rare
Khusro III (Xusro III), 629 - 631(?), scarce
Buran, 629 - 631, very rare
Azarmidukht, 631, extremely rare. Per Stephen Album Rare Coins Auction 32, between 25 and 35 pieces are now known.
Hormazd VI (Ohrmazd VI), 631 - 632, rare 
Khusro V, 631 - 637(?), very rare
Yazdgard III, 632 - 651, rare

References

Album, S. A Checklist of Islamic Coins. (Santa Rosa, CA, 1998).
Album, S., R. Gyselen, et al. Sylloge Nummorum Sasanidarum Paris - Berlin - Wien. (Wien, 2003 - 2012).
Alram, M. Iranisches Personennamenbuch: Nomina Propria Iranica In Nummis. (Wien, 1986).
Cribb, J. "Numismatic Evidence for Kushano-Sasanian Chronology" in Studia Iranica 19, Issue 2 (1990), p. 151 - 193.
Göbl, R. Münzprägung des Kusanreiches. (Wien, 1984).
Göbl, R. Sasanian Numismatics. (Braunschweig, 1971).
Grierson, P. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection: Vol. 2. (Washington, D.C., 1968).
Gyselen, R. ed. New Evidence for Sasanian Numismatics: The Collection of Ahmad Saeedi. (Leuven, Belgium, 2004).
Malek, H. "A Survey of Research on Sasanian Numismatics" in NC 153 (London, 1993).
Malek, H. "History and coinage of the Sasanian Queen Boran (AD 629-631)" in NC 158 (1998), pp. 113 - 129.
Malek, H. "The coinage of the Sasanian king Kavad II (AD 628)" in NC 155 (1995), pp. 119 - 129.
Malek, H. "The Sasanian King Khusrau II (AD 590/1-628) and Anahita." in Name-ye Iran-e Bastan 2.1 (2002): pp. 23 - 40.
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins and Their Values: The Ancient and Classical World. (London, 1978).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins and Their Values: The World of Islam. (London, 1977).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins and Their Values: Non-Islamic States & Western Colonies. (London, 1979).
Mochiri, M. Etude de Numismatique Iranienne sous les Sassanides et Arabe-Sassanides. Vol. II. (Tehran, 1983).
Pottier, H. Le monnayage de la syrie sous l'occupation perse (610-630). Cahiers Ernst-Babelon 9. (Paris, 2004).
Tsotsella, M. History and Coin Finds in Georgia: Sasanian coin finds and hoards. Moneta 30. (Wetteren, 2003).
Walker, J. A Catalogue of the Muhammadan Coins in The British Museum, Vol. 1: A Catalogue of the Arab-Sassanian coins (Umaiyad governors in the East, Arab-Ephthalites, 'Ablasid governors in Tabaristan and Bukhara). (London, 1941).

Sylloge Nummorum Sasanidarum
SNS I. Album, S. & R. Gyselen. Sylloge Nummorum Sasanidarum Paris - Berlin - Wien, Band I: Ardashir I - Shapur I. (Vienna, 2003).
SNS II. Alram, M & R. Gyselen. Sylloge Nummorum Sasanidarum. Paris-Berlin-Wien, Band II: Ohrmazd I - Ohrmazd II. (Vienna, 2012).
SNS III. Schindel, N. Sylloge Nummorum Sasanidarum Paris - Berlin - Wien, Band III: Shapur II - Kawad I. (Vienna, 2004).
SNS Iran I. Curtis, V.S. et al. A Sylloge of the Sasanian Coins in the National Museum of Iran (Muzeh Melli Iran), Tehran. Vol. 1: Ardashir I - Hormizd IV. (London, 2010).
SNS Iran II. Curtis, V.S. et al.  A Sylloge of the Sasanian Coins in the National Museum of Iran (Muzeh Melli Iran), Tehran. Vol. 2: Khusrau II – Yazdgard III. (London, 2012).
SNS Iran Orumiyeh. Schindel, N. & D. Akbarzadeh. Sylloge Nummorum Sasanidarum Iran – A Late Sasanian Hoard from Orumiyeh. Österreichischen Akademie Der Wissenschaften. (Vienna, 2017).
SNS Israel. Schindel, N. Sylloge Nummorum Sasanidarum Israel: The Sasanian and Sasanian-Type Coins in the Collections of the Hebrew University. (Jerusalem, 2009).
SNS Schaaf. Schindel, N., M. Alram, R. Gyselen, & R. Schaaf. Sylloge Nummorum Sasanidarum - The Schaaf Collection. Österreichischen Akademie Der Wissenschaften. (Vienna, 2014).
SNS Uzbekistan. Baratova, L., N. Schindel, & E. Rtveladze. Sylloge Nummorum Sasanidarum Usbekistan: Sasanidische Münzen und ihre Imitationen aus Bukhara, Termes und Chaganian. (Vienna, 2012).

Also see Sasanian References by T. K. Mallon

Also see Sasanian references 2 by Tracy Aiello

 

All coins are guaranteed for eternity