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RPC IV Online

Roman Provincial Coinage Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/

The aim of the Roman Provincial Coinage series is to produce a standard typology of the provincial coinage of the Roman Empire from its beginning in 44 BC to its end in AD 296/7.

The current Roman Provincial Coinage Online project is confined to the periods AD 138–192 and AD 249–254, but other periods will be put online in the future.

The database is based on the ten most important and accessible collections in the world, and on all published material. It comprises one of the largest collections of images and related inscriptions from the ancient world which is searchable by iconography, place, and time. The database contains information on 16,204 coin types, based on 60,766 specimens (23,678 of which have images).

Volume IV Antoninus Pius to Commodus (AD 138–192) [with temporary numbers]

  1. Antoninus Pius (138–161)
  2. Faustina I (138–141, and later deification coins)
  3. Marcus Aurelius (139–180)
  4. Faustina II (147–175)
  5. Lucius Verus (161–169)
  6. Lucilla (164–169, and later)
  7. Commodus (175–192)
  8. Crispina (178–182?)

Reference Abbreviations
A Athens, Numismatic Museum
AA Archäologischer Anzeiger
Aarhus Aarhus, University Museum
ABSA Annual of the British School at Athens
AE L'Année épigraphique (Paris, from 1888)
AgM F. Imhoof-Blumer, 'Antike griechische Münzen', RSN 19 (1913), pp. 5–134
Agora J. H. Kroll and A. S. Walker, The Athenia Agora XXVI. The Greek Coins (Princeton, 1993)
AIIN Annali dell'Istituto Italiano di Numismatica
AJA American Journal of Archaeology
AJN American Journal of Numismatics
Akarca A. Akarca, Les monnaies grecques de Mylasa (Paris, 1959)
AMNG Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands (ed. F. Imhoof-Blumer, Berlin, 1898–1935)
AN Acta Numismàtica
Ankara Ankara, Museum of Anatonlian Civilizations
Anokhin V. A. Anokhin, The Coinage of Chersonesus (Oxford, 1980)
Anokhin V. A. Anokhin, Монетное дело Боспора (Kiev, 1986)
Anokhin' V. A. Anokhin, Античные монеты Северного Причерноморья – Antichnye monety Severnogo Prichernomor'ya (Kiev, 2011)
ANRW Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt (Berlin and New York)
ANSMN American Numismatic Society Museum Notes (New York)
Aphrodisias D. J. MacDonald, Greek and Roman Coins from Aphrodisias (Oxford, 1976)
Archontidou-Argyri/Labarre A. Archontidou-Argyri and G. Labarre, 'Un trésor d'époque impériale à Mytilène', RN 151 (1996), pp. 119–40
Arslan M. Arslan, 'The Coinage of Ancyra in the Roman Period', in C. S. Lightfoot (ed.), Recent Turkish Coin Hoards and Numismatic Studies (Oxford, 1991), pp. 3–42 and pp. 333–4
Arslan, Alexandria M. Arslan, 'A third century AD hoard of bronzes, principally of Alexandria Troas', in R. Ashton (ed.), Studies of Ancient Coinage from Turkey (London, 1996), pp. 43–5
Arslan/Lightfoot M. Arslan and C. S. Lightfoot, Greek Coin Hoards in Turkey: the Antalya Archaeological Museum and the C.S. Okray Collection: with additional material from the Burdur, Fethiye and Sinop Museums (Ankara, 1999)
ASFN Annuaire de la Société française de Numismatique (Paris)
Augusta Traiana E. Schönert-Geiss, Die Münzprägung von Augusta Traiana und Traianopolis (Berlin, 1991)
Ayvagediği hoard F. Rebuffat,'Le trésor d'Ayvagediği', in M. Amandry and G. Le Rider (eds), Trésors et circulation monétaire en Anatolie antique (Paris, 1994), pp. 73–118
B-I the second Imhoof-Blumer collection, acquired in 1928 by the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin (B)
Bab E. Babelon, Catalogue des monnaies grecques de la Bibliothèque Nationale. Les Perses achéménides, les satrapes et les dynastes tributaires de leur empire, Chypre et Phénicie (Paris, 1893)
BACTHS Bulletin archéologique du Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques
Bakhoum S. Bakhoum, Dieux égyptiens à Alexandrie sous les Antonins. Recherches numismatiques et historiques (Paris, 1999)
Baldus H. R. Baldus, Uranius Antoninus. Münzprägung und Geschichte (Bonn, 1971)
Baldus I H. R. Baldus,'Die 'reformierten' Tetradrachmen des Uranius Antoninus im Lichte eines neuen Fundes. 1Mit Nachträgen zur übrigen Münzprägung dieses 'Kaisers'', Chiron 5 (1975), pp. 443–84
Baldus II H. R. Baldus, 'Neue Münzen des Uranius Antoninus (Nachtrag II)', JNG 27 (1977), pp. 69–74
Baldus III H. R. Baldus,'Neue Forschungen zu Uranius Antoninus und seinen Münzen (Nachtrag III)', JNG 33 (1983), pp. 29–40
Baldus IV H. R. Baldus,'Denare des Uranius Antoninus (Anhang: neue Aurei)', JNG 40 (1990), pp. 29–34
Barth M. Barth,'Adramytteion', in J. Stauber (ed.), Die Bucht von Adramytteion, Teil II (Bonn, 1996), pp. 183–241
Barth/Stauber M. B. Barth and J. Stauber, 'Die Münzen von Perperene', EA 23 (1994), pp. 59–82
Baydur N. Baydur, 'Die Münzen von Attaleia in Pamphylien', JNG 25 (1975), pp. 33–72 and JNG 26 (1976), pp. 37–78
BCD Private Collection BCD
BCD Corinth Lanz 105 (26 Nov. 2001), coll. BCD
BCH Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique (Paris)
BEFAR Bibliothèque des Écoles françaises d'Athènes et de Rome (Paris, Athens, Rome)
Bell, Sardis H. W. Bell, Sardis, vol. XI: the Coins, 1910–1914 (Leyden, 1916)
Bellinger A. R. Bellinger, Troy. The Coins. Supplementary Monograph 2 (Princeton, 1961)
Bern Bern, Historisches Museum (including Righetti = B. Kapossy, SNG Schweiz II. Münzen der Antike. Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum (1993))
Bizye J. Jurokova, Die Münzprägung von Bizye (Berlin, 1981)
Bland R. Bland,'Six Hoards of Syrian Tetradrachms of the Third Century AD', NC 151 (1991), pp. 1–33
BMC British Museum Catalogue of Greek Coins (London, 1873–1927)
BMC Suppl. E. Christiansen, Coins of Alexandria and the Nomes: a Supplement to the British Museum Catalogue (London, 1991)
BMCRE Catalogue of Roman Coins in the British Museum (London, 1923–60)
Bo Bologna, Museo Civico
Bosporus hoards М. Г. Абрамзон, Н. Фролова, А. В. Куликов, Т.Н. Смекалова, О. А. Иванина, Клад античных монет, Том I (Kiev, 2006)
Boutin S. Boutin, Catalogue des monnaies grecques de l'ancienne collection Pozzi (Maastricht, 1979)
Br Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale
BSFN Bulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique (Paris)
Budapest Budapest, Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum
Caesarea Maritima Excavations J. DeRose Evans, The Coins, and the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine Economy of Palestine. Joint Expedition to Caesarea Maritima, Excavation Reports 6 (Boston, 2006)
CAH The Cambridge Ancient History (Cambridge)
Callu J.-P. Callu, La politique monétaire des empereurs romains de 238 à 311 (Paris, 1969)
Calomino D. Calomino, Nicopolis d'Epiro. Nuovi studi sulla zecca e sulla produzione monetale (Oxford, 2011)
Capharnaum A. Spijkerman,'A hoard of Syrian tetradrachms and eastern antoniniani from Capharnaum', Studium Biblicum Franciscanum Liber Annuus IX (1958–9), pp. 283–329
Casey J. Casey et al., Sinope. A Catalogue of the Greek, Roman and Byzantine Coins in Sinop Museum (Turkey) and related Historical and Numismatical Studies (London, 2010)
Castelin K. Castelin, The Coinage of Rhesaena in Mesopotamia, NNM 108 (New York, 1946)
Cavagna A. Cavagna, Provincia Dacia: I conî (Milan, 2012)
Ceka H. Ceka, Probleme te Numismatikes Ilire (Tirana, 1965), pp. 114–30
CENB Cercle d'Études Numismatiques. Bulletin
CH Coin Hoards
Chadžikostov A. Chadžikostov, 'Neue Münztypen von Augusta Traiana', in Festschrift Schönert-Geiss, pp. 193–7
CIG Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum
CIL Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum (Berlin, from 1863)
Çizmeli Z. Çizmeli, Le monnayage de Néocésarée et du koinon du Pont (Milan, 2006)
CMRDM E. Lane, Corpus Monumentorum Religionis Dei Menis, 2. The Coins and Gems (Leiden, 1975)
CNA Classical Numismatic Auctions
CNG Classical Numismatic Group
Coinage and Identity C. Howgego, V. Heuchert and A. Burnett (eds), Coinage and Identity in the Roman Provinces (Oxford, 2005)
Cologne Cologne, University, including Weiser = W. Weiser, Katalog der bithynischen Münzen der Sammlung des Instituts für Altertumskunde der Universität zu Köln. Vol. 1. Nikaia (1983) and Corsten = T. Corsten, Vol. 2. Könige, Commune Bithyniae, Städte (ausser Nikaia) (1996)
Cop Copenhagen, Danish National Museum (completely published in SNG, 1942–79, with Supplement by S. Schultz 2002)
Corsten T. Corsten, Katalog der bithynischen Münzen der Sammlung des Instituts für Altertumskunde der Universität zu Köln. Vol. 2. Könige, Commune Bithyniae, Städte (ausser Nikaia) (Opladen, 1996)
CRAI Comptes rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres (Paris)
CRS K. Butcher, Coinage in Roman Syria. Northern Syria, 64 BCAD 253 (London, 2004)
Curtis J. W. Curtis, The Tetradrachms of Roman Egypt (Chicago, 1957, reprint with supplements New York, 1969)
D A. Dattari, Nummi Augg. Alexandrini I–II (Cairo, 1901–02)
Davis E. S. G. Robinson, SNG British Isles. I.2. Marischal College Aberdeen. The Newnham Davis Coins in the Wilson Collection of Classical and Eastern Antiquities (1936)
de Luynes J. Babelon, Catalogue de la collection de Luynes, Monnaies grecques, I–IV (Paris, 1924–36); now in P
de Saulcy F. de Saulcy, Numismatique de la Terre Sainte (Paris, 1874)
Delepierre Delepierre Collection, now at the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris (P)
Delrieux F. Delrieux, Les monnaies des cités grecques de la basse vallée de l'Harpasos en Carie (Bordeaux, 2008)
Demetrio F. Feuardent, Collections Giovanni di Demetrio. Numismatique. Égypte ancienne. II. Domination romaine (Paris, 1872); now mostly in A
Devreker J. Devreker, 'Les monnaies de Pessinonte', in J. Devreker and M. Waelkens (eds), Les fouilles de la Rijksuniversiteit te Gent à Pessinonte 1967–1973. Vol. I., Homage à Peter Lambrechts (Brugge, 1984), pp. 173–215
Dium Dium, Archaeological Museum
Draganov D. Draganov, 'The Bronze Coinage of Dionysopolis', NCirc 1997, pp. 371–7
DS A. Savio, Catalogo completo della collezione Dattari: numi augg. alexandrini: 323 tavole con l'aggiunta di oltre 7000 monete rispetto al catalogo del 1901 (Trieste, 1999; second edition with supplementary material: 2007)
Dura Excavations A. Bellinger, Excavations at Dura-Europos, Final Report VI, The Coins (New Haven, 1949); some now in Yale and NY
EA Epigraphica Anatolica
Edwards K. M. Edwards, Corinth. Results of Excavations Conduced by the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, Vol. VI: The Coins 1896 – 1929 (Cambridge/Mass., 1933)
Ehling K. Ehling, Die Münzprägung der mysischen Stadt Germe in der römischen Kaiserzeit (Bonn, 2001)
Elaeusa-Sebaste F. Imhoof-Blumer, 'Elaiusa Sebaste', RSN 8 (1898), pp. 24–40
Engelmann H. Engelmann, 'Eine Prägung des Ionischen Bundes', ZPE 9 (1972), pp. 188–92
Études L. Robert, Études anatoliennes (Paris, 1937), pp. 330–62
Evelpidis SNG Grèce, Collection Réna H. Evelpidis I (1970), II (1975)
F Florence, Museo Archeologico
Fabretti A. Fabretti et al., Regio Museo di Torino, Monete greche (Turin, 1964)
Falghera R. Martini and N. Vismara, Monetazione Provinciale Romana. Collezione Winsemann Falghera I–VI (Milan, 1992)
Festschrift Schönert-Geiss U. Peter (ed.), Stephanos nomismatikos. Edith Schönert-Geiss zum 65. Geburtstag (Berlin, 1998)
Fiorelli A. Fiorelli, Catalogo del Museo Nazionale di Napoli. Medagliere I. Monete Greche (Naples, 1870)
FM F. Imhoof-Blumer, 'Fluss- und Meergötter auf griechischen und römischen Münzen (Personifikationen der Gewässer)', RSN 23 (1923), pp. 173–421
Fonds Robert F. Delrieux, Les monnaies du fonds Louis Robert (Paris, 2012)
Förschner G. Förschner, Die Münzen der römischen Kaiser in Alexandrien: die Bestände des Münzkabinetts (Frankfurt am Main, 1987)
Franke P. R. Franke, 'Zur Münzprägung von Methymna', in H.G. Buchholz, Methymna, archäologische Beiträge zur Topographie und Geschichte von Nordlesbos (Mainz am Rhein, 1975), pp. 163–76
Franke, Tios P. R. Franke, 'Zur Chronologie der 'autonomen' Münzen des bithynischen Tios', AA 1966, pp. 58–67
Franke-Nollé P. R. Franke and M. K. Nollé, Die Homonoia-Münzen Kleinasiens und der thrakischen Randgebiete I (Berlin, 1997)
Frolova N. A. Frolova, The Coinage of the Kingdom of Bosporus AD 242–341/342 (Oxford, 1983)
Frolova N. A. Frolova, The Coinage of the Kingdom of Bosporus AD 69–238 (Oxford, 1979)
G Glasgow, Hunterian Museum (G. MacDonald, Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Hunterian Collection, University of Glasgow, I–III (Glasgow, 1899–1905) and J. Goddard, SNG. Parts I–II. Roman Provincial Coins (Oxford, 2004–2007))
Geissen A. Geissen, Katalog Alexandrinischer Kaisermünzen der Sammlung des Instituts für Altertumskunde der Universität zu Köln I–V (Opladen, 1974–82)
GIC C. Howgego, Greek Imperial Countermark. Studies in the Provincial Coinage of the Roman Empire (London, 1985)
Gillespie J.U. Gillespie, 'ΚΟΙΟΝ ΙΓ ΠΟΛΕΩΝ. A Study of the Coinage of the « Ionian League »', RBN 102 (1956), pp. 31–53; with addendum in J.U. Gillespie, 'Addendum', RBN 105 (1959), pp. 211–13
GM F. Imhoof-Blumer, Griechische Münzen (Munich, 1890)
Gnecchi F. Gnecchi, I Medaglioni Romani I–III (Milan, 1912)
Gotha Gotha (previously known also as Depositum München)
GRMK F. Imhoof-Blumer, Zur griechischen und römischen Münzkunde (Paris and Geneva, 1908) = RSN 13 (1905), pp. 161–272 and 14 (1908), pp. 1–211
H Hague (now Leiden, Penningkabinet)
Harl K. W. Harl,'The Coinage of Neapolis in Samaria', ANSMN 29 (1984), pp. 61–97
Haymann F. Haymann, Untersuchungen zur Geschichte und Identitätskonstruktion von Aigeai im römischen Kilikien (20 v. – 260 n. Chr.) (Bonn, 2014)
Hecht Hoard Y. Akyay,'Coins of the City of Perge in the "Hecht Hoard"', İstanbul Arkeoloji Müzeleri yıllığı (Annual of the Archaeological Museums of Istanbul) 13–4 (1966), pp. 246–86
HN' B. V. Head, Historia Numorum (Oxford, second edition: 1911)
Hunter G. MacDonald, Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Hunterian Collection of Glasgow (Glasgow, 1901)
Hunter II A. S. Robinson, Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet. II. Trajan to Commodus (London, 1971)
I Istanbul
I-B the first Imhoof-Blumer collection, acquired in 1900 by the Staatliche Museen Berlin (B)
Iasos W. Weiser, 'Zur Münzprägung von Iasos, in W. Blümel (ed.), Die Inschriften von Iasos II (Bonn, 1985), pp. 172–80
IK Inschriften griechischer Städte aus Kleinasien (Bonn, 1972−)
ILS H. Dessau, Inscriptiones Latinae Selectae (Berlin, 1892–1916)
INJ Israel Numismatic Journal
JdAI Jahrbuch des deutschen archäologischen Instituts
JEA Journal of Egyptian Archaeology
JHS The Journal of Hellenic Studies (London)
JIAN Journal International d'Archéologie Numismatique (Athens, 1863–1923)
JNG Jahrbuch für Numismatik und Geldgeschichte (Munich)
JÖAI Jahreshefte des Österreichischen Archäologischen Instituts in Wien
Johnston A. Johnston, Greek Imperial Denominations, ca. 200–275. A Study of the Roman Provincial Bronze Coinages of Asia Minor (London, 2007)
Johnston A. Johnston, 'Aphrodisias Reconsidered', NC 155 (1995), pp. 43–100
Johnston, Aphrodisias A. Johnston,'Aphrodisias Reconsidered', NC 155 (1995), pp. 43–100
Johnston, Sardis A. Johnston, The Greek coins, in T. Buttrey et al., Greek, Roman and Islamic Coins from Sardis, Archaeological Exploration of Sardis (Cambridge, MA, 1981), pp. 1–89.
JRS Journal of Roman Studies (London)
Jurukova J. Jurukova, Le monnayage des villes en Mésie Inférieure et en Thrace pendant le IIe – IIIe s. Hadrianopolis (Sofia, 1987)
Kadman I L. Kadman, Corpus Nummorum Palestinensium I, The Coins of Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem, 1956)
Kadman II L. Kadman, Corpus Nummorum Palestinensium II, The Coins of Caesarea Maritima (Jerusalem, 1957)
Kadman IV L. Kadman, Corpus Nummorum Palestinensium IV, The Coins of Akko Ptolemais (Jerusalem, 1961)
Kadman, Aelia Capitolina L. Kadman, The Coins of Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem, 1956)
Kadman, Caesarea Maritima L. Kadman, The Coinage of Caesarea Maritima (Jerusalem, 1957)
Kadman, Ptolemais L. Kadman, The Coinage of Akko Ptolemais (Jerusalem, 1961)
Kampmann U. Kampmann, Die Homonoia-Verbindungen der Stadt Pergamon (Saarbrücken, 1996)
Karanis R. A. Haatvedt and E. E. Peterson, Coins from Karanis: the University of Michigan excavations, 1924–1935 (Ann Arbor, 1964)
Karbach F.-B. Karbach,'Die Münzprägung der Stadt Augusta in Kilikien, Teil 1', JNG 40 (1990), pp. 35–68
Karbach, Augusta F.-B. Karbach, 'Die Münzprägung der Stadt Augusta in Kilikien. Teil 1', JNG 40 (1990), pp. 35–68
Karbach, Eirenopolis F.-B. Karbach, 'Die Münzprägung der Stadt Eirenopolis in Ostkilikien', JNG 42/3 (1992/3), pp. 83–145
Karwiese S. Karwiese, Die Münzprägung von Ephesos (Vienna, 2012)
Karwiese S. Karwiese, [on the coinage of Ephesus] in RE Suppl. XII (1980), cols. 329–63
Kaufmann/Stauber F.-M. Kaufmann and J. Stauber, 'Poimanenon bei Eski Manyas? Zeugnisse und Lokalisierung einer kaum bekannten Stadt', in Studien zum antiken Kleinasien II. Asia Minor Studien 8 (1992), pp. 43–85
Keckman U. Westermark and R. Ashton, SNG Finland. The Erkki Keckman Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki. Part 1: Karia (Helsinki, 1994), R. Ashton, Part II: Asia Minor except Karia (1999)
Kindler A. Kindler, The Coinage of Bostra (Warminster, 1983)
Kindler, Bostra A. Kindler, The Coinage of Bostra (Warminster, 1983)
Kindler, Geva A. Kindler, 'The Coins from Geva', in B. Mazar (ed.), Geva (1988), pp. 43–67
Kindler, Tiberias A. Kindler, The Coins of Tiberias (1961)
Klose D. A. O. Klose, Die Münzprägung von Smyrna in der römischen Kaiserzeit (Berlin, 1987)
Klose, Smyrna D. A. O. Klose, Die Münzprägung von Smyrna in der römischen Kaiserzeit (Berlin, 1987)
KM F. Imhoof-Blumer, Kleinasiatische Münzen (Vienna, 1901–2)
Köhler-Osbahr R. Ziegler, R. Hauses, S. Schulze, R. H. Althoff, Sammlung Köhler-Osbahr, Band III/3. Die Prägungen der kilikischen Stadt Anemurion (Duisburg, 2008)
Köhler-Osbahr K. Martin, Sammlung Köhler-Osbahr Bd.III/1. Griechische Münzen und ihr Umfeld (Duisburg, 2003), coins now at Duisburg, Kultur- und Stadthistorisches Museum
Kolloquium J. Nollé, B. Overbeck and P. Weiss (eds), Internationales Kolloquium zur kaiserzeitlichen Münzprägung Kleinasiens. 27. – 30. April 1994 in der Staatlichen Münzsammlung München (Milan, 1997)
Kongress Berlin 1997 B. Kluge and B. Weisser (eds), XII. Internationaler Numismatischer Kongress Berlin 1997. Akten – Proceedings (Berlin, 2000)
Kraft K. Kraft, Das System der kaiserzeitlichen Münzprägung in Kleinasien (Berlin, 1972)
Kremydi-Sicilianou S. Kremydi-Sicilianou, The Coinage of the Roman Colony of Dion (Athens, 1996)
Kroll J. H. Kroll, 'Hemiobols to Assaria: the Bronze Coinage of Roman Aigion', NC 156 (1996), pp. 49–78
Krzyzanowksa A. Krzyzanowksa, Monnaies coloniales d'Antioche de Pisidie (Warsaw, 1970)
Kubitschek W. Kubitschek, 'Ninica Claudiopolis', ZN 34 (1902), pp. 1–27
Leake Leake (partly published in SNG and W.M. Leake, Numismata Hellenica (London, 1856) with Supplement, 1859)
Lederer I P. Lederer, Neue Beiträge zur antiken Münzkunde aus schweizerischen öffentlichen und privaten Sammlungen, RSN 30 (1943), pp. 1–103.
Lederer II P. Lederer, Neue Beiträge zur antiken Münzkunde aus schweizerischen öffentlichen und privaten Sammlungen (Schluss), RSN 34 (1948/9), pp. 5–18.
Leschhorn, W. Leschhorn, Antike Ären. Zeitrechnung, Politik und Geschichte im Schwarzmeerraum und in Kleinasien nördlich des Tauros (Stuttgart, 1993)
Leschhorn, Lexikon W. Leschhorn, Lexikon der Aufschriften auf griechischen Münzen, Band II (Vienna, 2009)
Levante E. Levante, SNG Switzerland I. Levante. Cilicia (Bern, 1986); Supplement 1 (Bern, 1993)
Levante S1 E. Levante, SNG Switzerland I. Levante-Cilicia. Supplement 1 (1993)
Levante, Adana E. Levante,'The Coinage of Adana in Cilicia', NC 144 (1984), pp. 81–94
Levante, CC E. Levante,'Cilician Coinage', NC 151 (1991), pp. 205–12
Levante, Coracesium E. Levante, 'The Coinage of Korakesion in Cilicia', NC 1978, pp. 24–32
Levante, draft E. Levante, Draft for the Roman Provincial Coinage volume IX (unpublished). A copy is kept in P
Levante, Rhosus E. Levante, 'The Coinage of Rhosus', NC 145 (1985), pp. 237–43
Levante, Selinus E. Levante,'The Coinage of Selinus in Cilicia', NC 150 (1990), pp. 226–33
Levante, Titiopolis E. Levante, 'The Coinage of Titiopolis in Cilicia', NC 142 (1982), pp. 134–7
Levante, Zephyrion E. Levante, 'The Coinage of Zephyrion in Cilicia', NC 148 (1988), pp. 134–41
Lewis I. A. Carradice, SNG British Isles VI. Corpus Christi College Cambridge. The Lewis Collection II. The Greek Imperial Coins (London, 1992)
Leypold W. Szaivert and C. Daburon, SNG Österreich. Sammlung Leypold, Kleinasiatische Münzen der Kaiserzeit. Vol. I–II (Vienna, 2000–2004)
Leypold F. Leypold, 'Die Bronzekleinmünzen von Selge in Pisidien', MÖNG 34 (1994), pp. 85–91
LGPN Lexicon of Greek Personal Names (Oxford, from 1987)
LIMG Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Graecae
Lindgren I H. C. Lindgren and F. L. Kovacs, Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant from the Lindgren Collection (San Mateo, 1985)
Lindgren II H. C. Lindgren, Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints from the Lindgren Collection (San Mateo, 1989)
Lindgren III H. C. Lindgren, Ancient Greek Bronze Coins from the Lindgren Collection (San Francisco, 1993)
Lischine C. N. Lischine, Collection C.N. Lischine. Monnaies grecques. Thrace (Mâcon, 1902)
LNV Litterae Numismaticae Vindobonenses
Löbb A. Löbbecke collection, now in the Staatliche Museen Berlin (B)
LS F. Imhoof-Blumer, Lydische Stadtmünzen (Geneva and Leipzig, 1897)
Ma Madrid, Museo Arqueológico Nacional
Mabbott H. Schulman, New York, 6 June 1969, coll. T.O. Mabbott (by H. Holzer)
MacDonald D. MacDonald, The Coinage of Aphrodisias (London, 1992)
Madžarov K. Madžarov,'Unpublizierte Münztypen der Prägestätte Augusta Traiana', in Festschrift Schönert-Geiss, pp. 441–7
Martin F. Martin, Kolonialprägungen aus Moesia Superior und Dacia (Budapest and Bonn, 1992)
Martin, Demos K. Martin, Demos, Boule, Gerousia: Personifikationen städtischer Institutionen auf kaiserzeitlichen Münzen aus Kleinasien (Bonn, 2013)
Mavrogordato J. Mavrogordato, A Chronological Arrangement of the Coins of Chios (Oxford, 1918, reprinted from NC 1915–18)
Mazzini G. Mazzini, Monete Imperiali Romane. IV: da Pacaziano a Valeria (Milan, 1957)
McAlee R. McAlee, The Coins of Roman Antioch (Lancaster, 2007); a supplement published at http://www.cngcoins.com/photos/CNG_McAlee_Roman_Antioch_Supplement_1.pdf
McAlee D. G. McAlee (forthcoming)
McClean S. W. Grose, Fitzwilliam Museum. Catalogue of the McClean Collection of Greek Coins I–III (Cambridge, 1923–29)
MCV Mélanges de la Casa de Velázquez
MDAI Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts: Athens (A), Istanbul (I) and Rome (R)
MEFR Mélanges de l'École Française de Rome
Megalopolis-Sebasteia H.-D. Schultz, 'Megalopolis-Sebasteia', in G. Le Rider, K. Jenkins, N. Waggoner and U. Westermark (eds), Kraay-Mørkholm Essays (Louvain-La-Neuve, 1989), pp. 259–66
Mélanges E. Babelon, Mélanges Numismatiques II (Paris, 1893), pp. 209–96
Meshorer Y. Meshorer, The Coinage of Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem, 1989)
Meshorer, Aelia Capitolina Y. Meshorer, The Coinage of Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem, 1989)
Meshorer, Caesarea Paneas Y. Meshorer, 'The Coins of Caesarea Paneas', INJ 8 (1984–5), pp. 37–58
Meshorer, City-Coins Y. Meshorer, City-Coins of Eretz-Israel and the Decapolis in the Roman Period (Jerusalem, 1985)
Meshorer, Dora Y. Meshorer, 'The Coins of Dora', INJ 9 (1986), pp. 59–72
Meshorer, Eretz-Israel Y. Meshorer, City-Coins of Eretz-Israel and the Decapolis in the Roman Period (Jerusalem, 1985)
Meshorer, Raphia Y. Meshorer, 'Monnaies de Raphia', RN 1976, pp. 57–68
Metcalf W. E. Metcalf, The Silver Coinage of Cappadocia, Vespasian-Commodus, NNM 166 (New York, 1996)
Meyer-Zwiffelhoffer E. Meyer-Zwiffelhoffer,'Die Münzprägung von Paltos in Syrien', JNG 44 (1994), pp. 91–111
MF Madrider Forschungen
MG F. Imhoof-Blumer, Monnaies grecques (Amsterdam, 1883)
Mi T. E. Mionnet, Description des médailles antiques, grecques et romaines (Paris, 1806–37)
Milan Milan, Civiche Raccolte
Milne J. G. Milne, A Catalogue of the Alexandrian Coins in the Ashmolean Museum (Oxford, 1933, reprint with supplement, 1971)
Milne J. G. Milne, Kolophon and its Coinage: a Study, NNM 96 (New York, 1941)
Minokova M. Minokova, 'Supplementum at the coinage of Augusta Traiana', in Kongress Berlin 1997, pp. 703–5
Mionnet T. E. Mionnet, Description des médailles antiques, grecques et romaines (Paris, 1806–37)
Missere G. Missere and F. Missere Fontana, La collezione Missere di monete romane provinciali (Modena, 1999)
MM Madrider Mitteilungen
MM AG Münzen und Medaillen AG, Basel
MÖNG Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Numismatischen Gesellschaft (Vienna)
Mouchmov N. A. Mouchmov, Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula and the Coins of the Russian Czars (1912) (in Bulgarian)
Mouchmov, Philip. N. A. Mouchmov, Les monnaies antiques de Philippopolis (year uncertain, probably 1926)
Mouchmov, Serdica N. A. Mouchmov, Les monnaies et les ateliers monétaires de Serdica (1926)
Mu Munich, Staatliche Münzsammlung (part published in H.R. Baldus, SNG Deutschland. Staatliche Münzsammlung München VII. Taurische Chersones - Moesia Inferior (1980), J. Kroll, XIV. Attika, Megaris, Aegina (2001), H.R. Baldus, XIX. Troas-Lesbos (1991), XXIII. Lydien (1997), W. Leschhorn, XXIV. Phrygien (1989), H.R. Baldus, XXVIII. Syrien: Nicht-Königliche Prägungen (2001))
Müller H. Müller, 'Claudia Basilo und ihre Verwandschaft', Chiron 10 (1980), pp. 457–84
Münsterberg R. Münsterberg,'Die Beamtennamen auf den griechischen Münzen', NZ 1911, 1912, 1914
Münsterberg, Beamtennamen R. Münsterberg, Die Beamtennamen auf den griechischen Münzen (Vienna, 1914)
NC Numismatic Chronicle (London)
NCirc Numismatic Circular, Spink
NCP F. Imhoof-Blumer and P. Gardner, A Numismatic Commentary on Pausanias (1887)
NFA Numismatic Fine Arts
Nickle University of Calgary, The Nickle Arts Museum
Niggeler Bank Leu-MMAG 21 Oct. 1966, coll. W. Niggeler II, Griechische Münzen der römischen Kaiserzeit, Römische Münzen: Republik bis Augustus
NNB Numismatisches Nachrichtenblatt
NNM Numismatic Notes and Monographs (New York)
Nordbø J. H. Nordbø, Utmyntningen på Knidos, 394 f. Kr. – ca. 210 e.Kr. (unpublished Magistergradsavhandling i Numismatikk, Oslo 1972)
Nordbø, Amisus J. H. Nordbø, 'The Imperial Silver Coinage of Amisus 131/2 – 137/8 A.D.', in Studies in Ancient History and Numismatics presented to Rudi Thomsen (Aarhus, 1988), pp. 166–78
NZ Numismatische Zeitschrift (Vienna)
Oikonomidou Μ. Οικονομίδου-Καραμεσίνη, Η Νομισματοκοπία της Νικοπόλεως (Athens, 1975)
Papaefthymiou E. Papaefthymiou, Edessa en Macédoine. Étude historique et numismatique (Athens, 2002)
Parks D. A. Parks, Roman Coinage of Cyprus (Thesis Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School, University of Missouri-Columbia, 1991)
Paschale D. P. Paschale, 'Nomismatike tes Archaias Androu', JIAN 1 (1898), pp. 298–323
PEQ Palestine Exploration Quarterly
Petrovic J. Petrovic, 'Stobi in der Numimatik', Numizmaticar 1 (1934), pp. 20–9
Picard O. Picard, Chalcis et la Confédération eubéenne (Athens/Paris, 1979)
PRF Private coll. PRF
Price/Trell M. J. Price and B. L. Trell, Coins and their Cities (London, 1977)
Prieur M. and K. Prieur, The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258 (Lancaster PA and London, 2000)
Prowe I Gebr. Egger 1904, coll. Prowe
Prowe II Gebr. Egger 40 (2 June 1912), coll. Prowe II
Prowe III Gebr. Egger 46 (11 June 1914), coll. Prowe III
QT Numismatica e Antichità Classiche. Quaderni Ticinesi (Lugano)
RAN Revue Archéologique de Narbonnaise
Rauch the two collections of von Rauch, acquired in 1853 and 1878 by the Staatliche Museen Berlin (B)
RBN Revue Belge de Numismatique (Brussels)
RE A. Pauly, Real-Encyclopaedie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft (ed. G. Wissowa et al.)
Rec W. Waddington, E. Babelon and T. Reinach, Recueil général des monnaies grecques d'Asie mineure (Paris, 1904–12, with a second edition of the first fascicule, 1925); a useful copy in P with annotations for the preparation of a second edition of all parts
Regling K. Regling, Die Münzen von Priene (Berlin, 1927)
Regling, Nysa K. Regling, 'Überblick über die Münzprägung von Nysa', in W. v. Diest, Nysa ad Maeandrum (= Jahrbuch des Kaiserlich Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Ergängzungsheft 10, 1913), pp. 70–103
Regling, Priene K. Regling, Die Münzen von Priene (Berlin, 1927)
Rémy B. Rémy, L'évolution administrative de l'Anatolie aux trois premiers siècles de notre ère (Lyon, 1986)
RHJA Private collection RHJA, London
RhM Rheinisches Museum (Cologne)
RIC The Roman Imperial Coinage (London, 1923–)
Righetti B. Kapossy, SNG Schweiz II. Münzen der Antike. Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum (1993)
RIN Rivista ltaliana di Numismatica (Milan)
RN Revue Numismatique (Paris)
Robert A. Dupont-Sommer and L. Robert, La Déesse de Hiérapolis Castabala (Cilicie) (Paris, 1964)
Robert, Carie J. and L. Robert, La Carie II (Paris, 1954)
Robert, Villes L. Robert, Villes d'Asie Mineure. Etudes de géographie ancienne (Paris, 1962)
Rogers E. Rogers, The Copper Coinage of Thessaly (London, 1932)
Rome Rome, Museo Nazionale Romano
Rosenberger M. Rosenberger, The Rosenberger Israel Collection I–III (Jerusalem, 1972–77); The Coinage of Eastern Palestine and Legionary Countermarks, Bar-Kochba Overstrucks (Jerusalem, 1978)
Rouvier J. Rouvier, 'Numismatique des Villes de la Phénicie', JIAN 3 (1900), pp. 125–68 and 237–312 (Aradus-Berytus); 4 (1901), pp. 35–66 (Botrys, Gebal-Byblos, Caesarea-ad-Libanum); 4 (1901), pp. 125–52 (Dora, Eboda, Marathus, Orthosia); 5 (1902), pp. 99–134 and 228–84 (Sidon); 6 (1903), pp. 17–46 (Tripolis); 6 (1903), pp. 269–332 (Tyre); 7 (1904), pp. 65–108 Tyre, as a colony)
RPC CS P. P. Ripollès, A. Burnett, M. Amandry, I. Carradice, M. Spoerri Butcher, Roman Provincial Coinage. Consolidated Supplement I–III (1992–2015), RPC online (2015)
RPC I A. Burnett, M. Amandry, P. P. Ripollès, Roman Provincial Coinage I. From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BCAD 69) (London and Paris, 1992); reprinted 1998, 2006
RPC II A. Burnett, M. Amandry, I. Carradice, Roman Provincial Coinage II. From Vespasian to Domitian (AD 6996) (London and Paris, 1999)
RPC III M. Amandry, A. Burnett, in collaboration with J. Mairat, Roman Provincial Coinage III. From Nerva to Hadrian (AD 96138) (London and Paris, 2015)
RPC IX A. Hostein, J. Mairat, Roman Provincial Coinage IX. From Trajan Decius to Uranius Antoninus (AD 249–254) (London and Paris, 2016)
RPC online C. Howgego, J. Mairat, V. Heuchert, Roman Provincial Coinage Online: http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk (Oxford, since 2005)
RPC Supp. 1 A. Burnett, M. Amandry, Roman Provincial Coinage. Supplement 1 (London and Paris, 1999)
RPC Supp. 2 A. Burnett, M. Amandry, I. Carradice, Roman Provincial Coinage. Supplement 2 (http://www.uv.es/~ripolles/rpc_s2, 2006)
RPC Supp. 3 M. Amandry, A. Burnett, I. Carradice, P. P. Ripollès, M. Spoerri Butcher, Roman Provincial Coinage. Supplement 3 (http://numismatics.org/Store/RPCS3, 2014)
RPC Supp. CS P. P. Ripollès, A. Burnett, M. Amandry, I. Carradice, M. Spoerri Butcher, Roman Provincial Coinage. Consolidated Supplement III (1992–2015) (http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/supp/rpc_cons_supp_1-3.pdf)
RPC VII.1 M. Spoerri Butcher, Roman Provincial Coinage VII.1. De Gordien I à Gordien III, Province d'Asie (Paris and London, 2006)
RSN Revue Suisse de Numismatique (Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau)
Ruzicka, Pautalia L. Ruzicka, Die Münzen von Pautalia (Sofia, 1933)
Ruzicka, Serdica L. Ruzicka, 'Die Münzen von Serdica', ZfN 48 (1915), pp. 1–82
SACT R. Ashton (ed.), Studies in Ancient Coinage from Turkey (London, 1996)
SAN Journal of the Society for Ancient Numismatics
Sardis Excavations T. V. Buttrey, A. Johnston, K. M. MacKenzie, M. L. Bates, Greek, Roman and Islamic Coins from Sardis (Harvard, 1981)
Sardis Excavations A. Johnston, 'The Greek Coins', in T.V. Buttrey, A. Johnston, K.M. MacKenzie and M.L. Bates, Greek, Roman and Islamic Coins from Sardis (Harvard, 1981), pp. 1–89
Sardis Excavations (1910-14) H. W. Bell, Sardis. XI. Coins Part I (1910–1914) (Leiden, 1916)
Sawaya Z. Sawaya, Histoire de Bérytos et d'Héliopolis d'après leurs monnaies, Ier s. av. – IIIe s. ap. J.-C. (Beirut, 2009)
SBF Jerusalem, Studium Biblicum Franciscanum (part published by Spijkerman)
Sch. E. Schönert, Die Münzprägung von Perinthos (Berlin, 1965)
Schefold, Bildnisse K. Schefold, Die Bildnisse der antiken Dichter, Redner und Denker (Basel, 1943)
Schönert E. Schönert-Geiss, Die Münzprägung von Maroneia (Berlin, 1987)
Schönert, Perinth E. Schönert-Geiss, Die Münzprägung von Perinthos (Berlin, 1965)
Schönert-Geiss, Maroneia E. Schönert-Geiss, Die Münzprägung von Maroneia (Berlin, 1987)
Schönert‑Geiss, Byzantion E. Schönert‑Geiss, Die Münzprägung von Byzantion, Teil 2: Kaiserzeit (Berlin, 1972)
Schultz S. Schultz, Die Münzprägung von Magnesia am Mäander in der römischen Kaiserzeit (Berlin, 1975)
Schwertheim E. Schwertheim (ed.), Die Inschriften von Kyzikos und Umgebung. Teil II. Miletupolis (Bonn, 1983)
SEG Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum (Amsterdam)
Seyrig H. Seyrig, 'Le Monnayage de Ptolémaïs in Phénicie', RN 1962, pp. 25–50
Simpson ‘Greek Imperials from the Simpson Collection', in A. Ramage (ed.), Emblems of Authority. Greek and Roman Coins from two Alumni Collections (Ithaca, 1994)
SM Schweizer Münzblätter (Gazette Numismatique Suisse)
SNG Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
SNG Çanakkale O. Tekin, S. Altınoluk, F. Körpe, SNG Turkey 3: Çanakkale Museum I: Roman Provincial Coins of Mysia, Troas, etc. (Istanbul, 2009).
SNG Davis SNG Great Britain volume I, part II (1936)
SNG Evelpidis SNG Grèce, Collection Réna H. Evelpidis I (1970), II (1975)
SNG Keckman SNG Finland, The Erkki Keckman collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, part 1: Caria (Helsinki, 1994); part 2: Asia Minor except Caria (Helsinki, 1999)
SNG Levante E. Levante, SNG Switzerland I. Levante. Cilicia (Bern, 1986); Supplement 1 (Bern, 1993)
SNG Lewis I. Carradice, Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, volume VI, The Lewis Collection in Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, part II (Oxford, 1992)
SNG Leypold W. Szaivert, C. Daburon, SNG Österreich. Sammlung Leypold, Kleinasiatische Münzen der Kaiserzeit. Vol. I–II (Vienna, 2000–2004)
SNG Pfalz J. Nollé, SNG Deutschland. Pfälzer Privatsammlungen IV. Pamphylien (München, 1992), V. Pisidien und Lykaonien (1999); R. Ziegler, VI. Isaurien und Kilikien (2001)
SNG vA von Aulock Collection (ex private collection; mostly published in SNG; some now in L)
SNR Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau (Revue Suisse de Numismatique)
Sofaer Y. Meshorer, Coins of the Holy Land. The Abraham and Marian Sofaer Collection at the American Numismatic Society and the Israel Museum (New York, 2013)
Sofia Sofia, Archaeological Museum
Spijkerman A. Spijkerman, The Coins of the Decapolis and Provincia Arabia (Jerusalem, 1978)
St Stockholm, National Museum of Monetary History
Staffieri, Diocaesarea G. M. Staffieri, La monetazione di Diocaesarea in Cilicia (Lugano, 1985)
Staffieri, Olba G. M. Staffieri, La monetazione di Olba nella Cilicia Tracheia (Lugano, 1978)
Stauber J. Stauber, Die Bucht von Adramytteion (Bonn, 1996)
Stumpf G.R. Stumpf, Numismatische Studien zur Chronologie der römischen Statthalter in Kleinasien, 122 v.Chr.–163 n.Chr. (Saarbrücken, 1991)
Sv J. N. Svoronos, La numismatique de la Crète ancienne (Mâcon, 1890)
Svoronos, Athens J. N. Svoronos, Les monnaies d' Athènes (Munich, 1923–6)
Svoronos, Delphi J. N. Svoronos, 'ΝΟΜΙΣΜΑΤΙΚΗ ΤΩΝ ΔΕΛΦΩΝ', BCH 20 (1896), pp. 40–60
Sydenham E. A. Sydenham, The Coinage of Caesarea in Cappadocia (London, 1933), reprinted with a Supplement by A.G. Malloy (New York, 1978)
Szaivert W. Szaivert, Die Münzprägung der Kaiser Marcus Aurelius, Lucius Verus und Commodus (161–192) (Vienna, 1986)
T Turin, Museo Civico (published in Fabretti)
Tahberer B. Tahberer, Ancient Cilician Coins from the Collection of B. Tahberer (2014): https://independent.academia.edu/BekircanTahberer
Tahberer casts in the Levante documentation from K. Tahberer, SNG Turkey, Tahberer - Cilicia
Tarsus hoard A. M. Woodward,'A Hoard of Imperial Coins from Tarsus', NC 1925, pp. 201–35
Temporini H. Temporini, 'Die Milesischen Münzen der Jüngeren Faustina. Zur Vorlage eines Ineditum der Tübinger Sammlung', in Praestant Interna. Festschrift für Ulrich Hausmann (Tübingen, 1982), pp. 349–63
Ténos I R. Étienne and J.-B. Braun, Ténos I. Le Sanctuaire de Poseidon et d'Amphitrite (Athens, 1986)
Ténos II R. Étienne, Ténos II. Ténos et les Cyclades (Athens, 1990)
Touratsoglou I. Touratsoglou, Die Münzstätte von Thessaloniki in der römischen Kaiserzeit (Berlin, 1988)
Traianopolis E. Schönert-Geiss, Die Münzprägung von Augusta Traiana und Traianopolis (Berlin, 1991)
Troy Excavations A. R. Bellinger, 'Catalogue of the Troy Excavation Coins', in A. R. Bellinger, Troy. The Coins. Supplementary Monography 2 (Princeton, 1961), pp. 154–83
Tübingen Tübingen University (part published in D. Mannsperger, SNG Deutschland. Universität Tübingen. II. Taurische Chersones-Korkyra (1982), III. Akarnanien-Bithynien (1985), Mysien-Ionien (1989), V. Karien und Lydien (1994), VI. Phrygien-Kappadokien (1998)
Tyra A. N. Zograph, The Coinage of Tyra (Moscow, 1957, in Russian)
vA von Aulock Collection (ex private collection; mostly published in SNG; some now in L)
vA Aezani H. von Aulock, 'Zur Münzprägung von Aezanoi', in R. Naumann (ed.), Der Zeustempel zu Aizanoi (Berlin, 1979), pp. 82–94
vA Index P. R. Franke, W. Leschhorn and A. U. Stylow, SNG Deutschland, Sammlung von Aulock, Index (Berlin, 1981)
vA Kolbasa H. von Aulock,'Kleinasiatische Münzstätten', JNG 19 (1969), pp. 79–88
vA Komama H. von Aulock,'Kleinasiatische Münzstätten', JNG 20 (1970), pp. 151–9
vA Lykao. H. von Aulock, Münzen und Städte Lykaoniens (Tübingen, 1976)
vA Mopsos H. von Aulock,'Die Münzprägung der kilikischen Stadt Mopsos', AA 1963, pp. 231–78
vA Olbasa H. von Aulock, 'Kleinasiatische Münzstätten VIII. Die römische Kolonie Olbasa', JNG 21 (1971), pp. 15–21
vA Parlais H. von Aulock, 'Kleinasiatische Münzstätten X. Parlais in Pisidien', JNG 23 (1973), pp. 7–18
vA Phryg. H. von Aulock, Münzen und Städte Phrygiens I–II (Tübingen, 1980–87)
vA Phrygien H. von Aulock, Münzen und Städte Phrygiens I–II (Tübingen, 1980–87)
vA Pisid. H. von Aulock, Münzen und Städte Pisidiens I–II (Tübingen, 1977–79)
vA Pisidien H. von Aulock, Münzen und Städte Pisidiens I–II (Tübingen, 1977–79)
Vat Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica
Voegtli, Heldenepen H. Voegtli, Bilder der Heldenepen in der kaiserzeitlichen griechischen Münzprägung (Basel, 1977)
Voegtli, Stadtgrabung H. Voegtli, Die Fundmünzen aus der Stadtgrabung von Pergamon (Berlin, 1993)
von Fritze H. von Fritze, Die antiken Münzen Mysiens (Berlin, 1913)
von Fritze, Ilion H. von Fritze, 'Die Münzen von Ilion', in W. von Dörpfeld (ed.), Troia und Ilion (Athens, 1902), pp. 477–534
von Fritze, Mys. H. von Fritze, Die antiken Münzen Mysiens (Berlin, 1913)
von Fritze, Pergamon H. von Fritze,'Die antiken Münzen von Pergamon', Abhandlungen der Königlich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-Historische Classe (Berlin, 1910)
Wa E. Babelon, Inventaire sommaire de la collection Waddington (Paris, 1898); now mostly in P
Waage D. B. Waage, Antioch-on-the-Orontes, IV, Part Two: Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Crusaders' Coins (Princeton, 1952)
Weber L. Forrer, Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber (London, 1922–9)
Weber, ΧΑΡΙΤΕΣ L. Weber, 'Zur Münzprägung des phrygischen Hierapolis', in ΧΑΡΙΤΕΣ. Friedrich Leo zum sechzigsten Geburtstag (Berlin, 1911), pp. 466–90
Winsemann R. Martini and N. Vismara, Monetazione Provinciale Romana. Collezione Winsemann Falghera I–VI (Milan, 1992)
Winterthur Winterthur, Münzkabinett
Yale Yale University Art Gallery (the numismatic collection is currently housed in the Sterling Memorial Library)
Yapı Kredi O. Tekin, Grek ve Roma sikkeleri: Yapı Kredi koleksiyonu (Greek and Roman coins: the Yapı Kredi collection) (Istanbul, 1994)
Zeugma hoard M. Önal, Zeugma Tetradrahmi definesi (Gaziantep, 2008)
ZfN Zeitschrift für Numismatik (Berlin)
Ziegler R. Ziegler, Münzen Kilikiens aus kleineren deutschen Sammlungen (München, 1988)
Ziegler, Anazarbos R. Ziegler, Kaiser, Heer und städtisches Geld. Untersuchungen zur Münzprägung von Anazarbos und anderer ostkilikischer Städte (Vienna, 1993)
Ziegler, Prestige R. Ziegler, Städtisches Prestige und kaiserliche Politik, Studien zum Festwesen in Ostkilikien im 2. und 3. Jahrhundert n. Chr (Düsseldorf, 1985)
ZPE Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik (Bonn)
Zwicker U. Zwicker, Griechische Münzen: Griechenland, Ägäis, Pontus, Paphlagonien und Bithynien: Sammlung Zwicker, Teil 2 (Erlangen, 1996); Antike Münzen aus Kleinasien (Mysien bis Pisidien) Sammlung Zwicker, Teil 3 (Erlangen, 1996); Antike Münzen (Lycaonia bis Parther) Sammlung Zwicker, Teil 4 (Erlangen, 1997)
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