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Ottoman Coins

Ottoman Coin References

Album, S. A Checklist of Islamic Coins. (Santa Rosa, CA, 2011).
Antadze, M. Obrashchenie Turetskikh Monet v Gruzii v XV-XVIII vv (istoriko-numizmaticheskoe issledovanie). (Tbilisi, 1977).
Artuk, I. & C. Istanbul Arkeoloji Mzeleri Teshirdeki Islm Sikkeler Katalogu. (Istanbul, 1971-1974).
Artuk, I. Kanuni Sultan Sleyman Adina Basilan Sikkeler / Coins struck in the name of Kanuni Sultan Suleyman. (Ankara, 1972).
Artuk, I. & C. Fatih'in Sikke ve Madalyalari. (Istanbul, 1946).
Buttrey, T.  et al. eds. Greek, Roman, and Islamic Coins from Sardis. (Cambridge, 1981). Sardis
Caglar, O. Son 7 padisah Zamaninda Basilan Btn Osmanli Madeni Paralari. (Istanbul, 1983).
Craig, W. Coins of the World, 1750- 1850. (Racine, WI, 1976).
Edhem, H. Meskukat-i Kadime-i Islamiye Katalogu, Meskukat-i Osmaniye. (Konstantiniye, 1915).
Erel, S. Nadir Birkac Sikke. (Istanbul, 1963 - 1973).
Ghalib, I. Takvim-i Meskukat-i Osmaniye. (Konstantiniye, 1891).
Johnson, B. (ed.). "Saltanatin iki Yz": Yazi ve Tugra / "Heads and Tails": the Two Faces of Sovereignty. (Istanbul, 1995). Yapi Kredi Ottoman
Kabaklarli, N. Mangir: Osmanli imparatorlugu Bakir Paralari / Copper Coins of Ottoman Empire, 1299-1808. (Istanbul, 1998).
Kocaer, R. Osmanli Altinlari / Gold Coins of the Ottoman Empire. (Istanbul, 1967).
Kolerkilic, E. Osmanli imparatorlugunda Para. (Ankara, 1958).
Krkman, G. Ottoman Silver Marks. (Istanbul, 1996).
Lane-Poole, S. Catalog of Oriental Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1875-1890). BMC Oriental
Mackenzie, K. & S. Lachman. Countermarks of the Ottoman Empire, 1880-1922. (London, 1974). Mackenzie-Lachman
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins and Their Values, Vol. 1: The World of Islam. (London, 1977). Mitchiner WOI
ler, C. Coinage of the Karamanids. (Istanbul, 1982). ler Karamanids
ler, C. Darphane Muzesi Osmanli Madeni Paralari Katalogu / Catalogue of Ottoman Coins in the National Mint Museum. (Istanbul, 1985). ler Darphane
ler, C. Mehmed Resad ve Sultan Mehmed Vahdeddin dnemi Osmanli madeni paralari. (Istanbul, 1987). ler Mehmed
ler, C. Nadir Osmanli Sikke, Nisan ve Madalyalari, 7 Ekim - 5 Kasim 1999: Istanbul Arkeoloji Mzeleri Koleksiyonu. (Istanbul, 1999). ler Istanbul
ler, C. Ottoman Coinage During the Reign of Yavuz Sultan Selim I. (Istanbul, 1989). ler Selim I
ler, C. Son Alti Osmanli Padisahi Zamaninda Istanbulda Basilan Gumus Paralar. (Istanbul, 1966). ler Gumus Paralar
ler, C. Rare Ottoman Coins at European Museums (Copenhagen, Budapest, Ashmolean, Vienna, Munich, Berlin, Leningrad). (Istanbul, 1984). ler European
ler, C. Rare Ottoman Coins at Soviet Russian Museums (Moscow and Leningrad). (Istanbul, 1972). ler Soviet
ler, C. Sultan Abdulazia Han devri Osmanli madeni paralari. (Istanbul. 1979). ler Abdulazia
ler, C. Sultan Abdulmecid devri Osmanli madeni paralari. (Istanbul, 1978). ler Abdulmecid
ler, C. Sultan Mahmud II Zamaninda Darp Edilen Osmanli Madeni Paralari. (Istanbul, 1970). ler Mahmud II
ler, C. Sultan Mahmud II Zamaninda Darp Edilen Osmanli Madeni Paralari (3 No.'li Kitaba Ek). (Istanbul, 1990). ler Mahmud II Supp.
ler, C. Sultan Murad V ve Sultan Abdlhamid II dnemi Osmanli madeni paralari. (Istanbul, 1987). ler Murad
ler, C. The Ornamental Copper Coinage of the Ottoman Empire. (Istanbul, 1975). ler Copper
ler, C. Yildirim Bayezid'in Ogullarina Ait Akce ve Mangirlar Yenilik Basimevi. (Istanbul, 1968). ler Bayezid
Pavo, E. Trk Penzek a Hodoltsag Kori Magyarorszagon / Ottoman Coins That Circulated In Hungary. (Budapest, 1986). Pavo Ottoman
Pere, N. Osmanlilarda Madeni Paralar. (Istanbul, 1968). Nuri Pere
Roudometof, N. Topika Nomismata Sten an. Makedonia 1880-1910. (Kavala, 1991).
Schaendlinger, A. Osmanische Numismatik. Von den Anfngen des Osmanischen Reichs bis zu seiner Anflsung 1922. (Braunschweig, 1973).
Sreckovic, S. Akches. Vol. 1, Osman Gazi - Murad II, 699-848 AH. (Belgrade, 1999). Sreckovic Akches
Sreckovic, S. Akches. Vol. 2, Mehmed II Fatih - Selim I Yavuz, 848-926 AH. (Belgrade, 2000). Sreckovic Akches
Sreckovic, S. Osmalijski Novac Kovan Na Tlu Jugoslavije. (Belgrade, 1987).
Sreckovic, S. Ottoman Mints & Coins. (Belgrade, 2002). Sreckovic Mints
Stepkova, J. Coins of the Osmanli Sultans in the Coin-hoards Found on Czechoslovak Territory. (Prague, 1963).
Sultan, Jem (Holberton, W.). Coins of the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic: A Detailed Catalogue of the Jem Sultan Collection. (Thousand Oaks, CA, 1977). Jem Sultan
Sultan, Jem (Holberton, W.). The Ever Victorious: A Beginner's Guide to Ottoman Empire Numismatics. (Santa Monica, CA, 1971). Sultan Guide
Uslu, K., M. Beyazit, & T. Kara. Ottoman Empire Coins 1687 - 1839 (AH 1099 - 1255). (2010).
Uslu, K., M. Beyazit, & T. Kara. Ottoman Empire Coins 1839 - 1922 (AH 1255 - 1340). (2018).
Valentine, W. Modern Copper Coins of the Muhammadan States of Turkey, Persia, Egypt, Afghanistan, Morocco, Tripoli, Tunis, etc. (London, 1911).
Wilski, H. Countermarks on Ottoman Coins. (Gtersloh, Germany, 1995).
Yapi ve Kredi Bankasi. Nadir Osmanli Madeni Paralari / Rare Ottoman Coins. Numismatik Yayinlari. (Istanbul, 1972 - 1976). Yapi Kredi
Zeno.ru - Oriental Coins Database. Online: www.zeno.ru.

Reading Ottoman Coins

A - The year of reign. Here it is 23
B - "Duriba" - minted/struck
C - "Bi" - in
D - The mint name. Here it is Kostantiniye (Constantinople).
E - The cls"sultan - the year of the Sultans accession (first year of rule). Here it is 1223.

The following table shows numeral formats used on Islamic coins.

Using a list of Ottoman sultans we can confirm the sultan that issued the coin. Mahmud II's coronation year was AH 1223. 
To determine the date of the coin, add the regnal year to the coronation year and subtract one. 1223+23-1= AH 1245.
Using an online conversion table we can determine AH 1245 = 1829/1830 CE

1300 - 1326 Osman I (ruled from c. 1290)
1326 - 1359 Orchan
1359 - 1389 Murad I
1389 - 1402 Bayezid I Yildirim
1403 - 1413 Interregnum: Civil War
1413 - 1421 Mehmed I Celebi
1421 - 1444 Murad II
1444 - 1446 Mehmed II, Fatih
1446 - 1451 Murad II (2nd time)
1451 - 1481 Mehmed II, Fatih (2nd time)
1481 - 1512 Bayezid II Wali
Both Sultan and Caliph (after 1517)
1512 - 1520 Selim I
1521 - 1566 Sleyman I (II) 'Kanuni'
1566 - 1574 Selim II
1574 - 1595 Murad III
1595 - 1603 Mehmed III
1603 - 1617 Ahmed I
1617 - 1618 Mustafa I
1618 - 1622 Osman II
1622 - 1623 Mustafa I (2nd time)
1623 - 1640 Murad IV
1640 - 1648 Ibrahim
1648 - 1687 Mehmed IV
1687 - 1691 Sleyman II (III)
1691 - 1695 Ahmed II
1695 - 1703 Mustafa II
1703 - 1730 Ahmed III
1730 - 1754 Mahmud I
1754 - 1757 Osman III
1757 - 1774 Mustafa III
1774 - 1789 Abdlhamid I
1789 - 1807 Selim III
1807 - 1808 Mustafa IV
1808 - 1839 Mahmud II
1839 - 1861 Abdlmecit I
1861 - 1876 Abdlaziz
1876 - 1909 Abdlhamid II
1909 - 1918 Mehmed V
1918 - 1922 Mehmed VI
Caliph only
1922 - 1924 Abdlmecit II
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