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Rare Coins of Karne

By Arados

Karne, Series 1 (Tyche / Cornucopia)

Karne, Phoenicia, bronze, 190 - 105 B.C., 14mm - 17mm, 2.7g - 4.3g.
SGCV II 6029; BMC Phoenicia p. 112,5, Hoover HGC 10, 181 (S), Duyrat 2002 No.57-60 Pg.39.
Obverse: Turreted and draped bust of Tyche right.
Reverse: Cornucopia, Phoenician letters qoph (Q) resh (R) and nun (N) meaning Karne (Qurn in Phoenician) downward on left, Aradian era Phoenician date downward on right, Phoenician control letter(s) lower right or lower right and left.


I have compiled a list of the 29 known specimens of this type, spanning era dates 70-150 (190-109 B.C). Year 150, however, warrants further study; although included in Duyrat 2002 on page 39 the author did have doubts and placed a question mark at the side of this particular year (numbered 29 below). Also included below are three coins with incomplete or partly legible dates numbered 20-22.

The collage of coins below brings together all the photos I have managed to accumulate from the various auction sites and collections.

An 70 (190/189, Lettres phéniciennes dans le champ intérieur droit: ain, daleph ; gauche : beth.
1  (49)  D1-R1, Berlin, Löbbecke (1906), 3,29 g, 12 h.

An 71 (189/188), Lettres phéniciennes à la place de la légende : qoph, resh, nun; dans le champ intérieur droit: ain, resh.
2  (50)  D2-R2, Paris, BNF, H. Seyrig Y28455,64, 3,66 g, 17,0 mm, 12 h. (BNF2c)
3  (50b)  D2b-R2b, Stockholm, Martin Rowe collection, 3,53 g, 15,42 mm, 12 h. (LA, my coin)

An 72 (188/187), Lettres phéniciennes dans le champ intérieur droit: ain, daleph.
4  (51)  D3-R3, Paris, BNF, Babelon No.1423, 3,51 g, 14,07 mm, 12 h. (BNF1c)
5  (52)  D4-R4, New York, ANS, 1944 100 70944 Newell, collection Rouvier, 3,84 g, 14,05 mm, 12 h.

An 73 (187/186), Lettres phéniciennes dans le champ intérieur droit: ain, daleph ; gauche : beth.
6  (53)  D5-R5, Berlin, Imhoof-Blumer (1900), 3,84 g, 12 h.
7  (54)  D4-R4, New York, ANS, 1961 154 252, Beyrouth. Don F. Dorsey Stephens, 3,65 g, 15,1 mm, 12 h.
8  (55)  D5-R5, Paris, BNF, Luynes No.3163 (Babelon No.1421), 3,02 g, 14,4 mm, 12 h. (BNF5c)
9  (-)  D5-R5, CNG, 3,18 g, 15,0 mm, 12 h. (CNG Auction 53 Lot 30)
10  (56)  D6-R6, Berlin, Imhoof-Blumer (1900), 4,19 g, 12 h. Ref. BMC No.6.

An 74 (186/185), Lettres phéniciennes dans le champ intérieur droit: ain, daleph ; gauche : nun.
11  (57)  D7-R7, New York, ANS, 1944 100 70947 Newell, 4,30 g, 15,6 mm, 12 h.
12  (58)  D8-R8, New York, ANS, 1952 142 400, Don C.G Gunther, 3,87 g, 13,9 mm, 12 h.
13  (59)  D8?-R9, New York, ANS, 1944 100 70946 Newell, collection Rouvier, 4,04 g, 14,8 mm, 12 h.
14  (60)  D8-R10, New York, ANS, 1944 100 70945 Newell, collection Rouvier, 3,31 g, 14,9 mm, 12 h.
15  (-)  D8b-R10b, Paris, BNF, ? g, ? mm, ? h. (BNF7c)
16  (-)  D8b-R10b, Rouvier 749v,  4,25 g, ? mm, ? h. Ref. Lindgren III
17  (-)  D8c-R10b, U.S.A, collection N. Molinari, 3,85 g, ? mm, ? h. (Molinari)
18  (-)  D?-R?, Hamburger, Courtin collection,  3,93 g, ? mm, ? h. Ref. BMC No.5

An 76 (184/183), Lettres phéniciennes dans le champ intérieur droit: ain, daleph ; gauche : qoph.
19  (61)  D9-R11, Paris, BNF, Babelon No.1422, 3,33 g, 15,0 mm, 12 h. (BNF9c)

An 70 + ( ? ), Lettres phéniciennes dans le champ intérieur gauche : ain.
20  (62)  D10?-R12, Berlin, V. Rauch, 3,37 g, 12 h.
21  (63)  D?-R13, Paris, BNF, No.1422 bis, 3,19 g, 13,9 mm, 12 h.
22  (64)  D?-R?, Copenhague, SNG Phoenicia, No,153, 3,67 g, 12 h.

An 123 (137/136), Lettres phéniciennes dans le champ intérieur droit: qoph, daleph ; gauche : gimel.
23  (65)  D11-R14, Paris, BNF, M 5666, 3,31 g, 16,0 mm, 12 h. (BNF8c)

Lettres phéniciennes dans le champ intérieur droit: ain, daleph ; gauche : gimel.
24  (66)  D11-R16, Berlin, Imhoof-Blumer (1900), 2,97 g, 12 h.

Lettres phéniciennes dans le champ intérieur droit: pé, qoph, daleph ; gauche : gimel.
25  (67)  D11-R16, Berlin, 252/1921, 2,71 g, 12 h.
26  (68)  D11-R16, New York, ANS, 1944 100 70949 Newell, collection Rouvier, 3,63 g, 16,2 mm, 12 h.
27  (69)  D11-R17, New York, ANS, 1944 100 70951 Newell, collection Rouvier, 3,46 g, 16,6 mm, 12 h.
28  (70)  D12-R18, Paris, BNF, H. Seyrig Y28455,68,  aussi acquisition 1960, 3,25 g, 16,8 mm, 12 h.

An 150? (110/109), Lettres phéniciennes dans le champ intérieur droit: ain, daleph.
29  (71)  D13-R19, Berlin, 916/1920, 3,53 g, 12 h.

Karne, Series 2 (Tyche / Prow)

Karne, Phoenicia, bronze, 190 - 105 B.C., 16mm - 20mm, 4.5g - 6.6g.
Obverse: Turreted and draped bust of Tyche right.
Reverse: Galley prow left with Athena figurehead, Phoenician letters qoph (Q) resh (R) and nun (N) meaning Karne (Qurn in Phoenician) and small cornucopia right to left above, Aradian era Phoenician date right to left below.


One could be forgiven for believing this coin Aradian. Resembling Duyrat 2005 série 1 coins, both types depict a turreted bust of Tyche on the obverse and prow of galley with Athena figurehead on the reverse.  The distinguishing features that identify the coin as issued by Arados is are the cornucopia and the ethnic above the prow. There are only an handful known to exist.

Listed below are the four known coins with era date 37.

AN 37 (223-222 B.C.) Aleph.

1.  D6 R8, Glasgow, Hunterian collection, III, No.14, Pl. LXXV. 4.98g 16mm.
2.  D6 R8, Muller H.W Solingen, 54, 20-21 fév. 1987, No. 66 20mm.
3.  D6 R8, Paris, BNF, collection Seymour de Ricci (vente Ready). 6.6g 18.4mm 12h.
4.  D6 R8, Stockholm, collection Martin Rowe, No.QV. 4.49g 17.9mm 12h.

AE 17.89mm (Thickness 2.69mm), weight 4.49g, die axis = 12h (0 degrees), denomination C.

Obverse: Turreted head of Tyche right.

Reverse: Prow of galley left with (Ἀθηνᾶ Πρόμαχος) Athena figurehead fighting left with shield and spear, cornucopia & Phoenician letters qoph (Q) resh (R) & nun (N) meaning Karne (Qurn in Phoenician) above, in right field Phoenician letter aleph ("). Aradian era date 37 below.

Ref: Duyrat 2002 Pg.37 No.15-17; HGC10 Pg.51 No.178; BMC Phoenicia Pg.111 No.1 Pl.XIII.

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