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XXI

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Enameled Plate Fibulae

Round Enameled Plate Fibulae

Typology: fibula, plate fibula

Reference: Böhme 41w-x; Exner III.21-25

Dates: c. AD 150 - 200

Images: A plain round enamelled fibula. The enamel would have been in the three recessed rings and the central dot. The green and red in the rings is likely corrosion products and not a trace of enamel. This example is large and thick but very corroded. It was found in a farm field not far from Roman Carnuntum and has obviously suffered from the fertilizer products used in the field. (SC Collection)

Images: Reverse of the above fibula. The pin is attached with a bilateral (four wind) spring instead of a hinge - a common occurrence on Pannonian plate fibulae. (SC Collection)

Round Enameled Plate Fibulae with Tall Central Knob

Typology: fibula, plate fibula

References: Böhme 41y; Exner III.26-29; Vaday III/3/3/1

Dates: c. AD 160 - 200

Image: Round fibula with raised central knob. There are two bands of enamel around the circumference. the outermost has red squares alternating with blue an white rectangles. The inner contains white dots. (Antiquities and Ancient Art collection.)

Image: Another type of Round fibula with raised central knob. 29mm, 10,37g. (Quadrans collection).

Image: Another type of Round fibula with raised central knob and six small enamelled circles. 34x34mm, 7,30g. (Quadrans collection).

Round Enameled Plate Fibulae with Circles at Edges

Typology: fibula, plate fibula

References: Exner III.53-60

Image: A round enameled fibula with a ring on one side and a round knob on the other. The ring with small squares, the two inner rings and the central dot were likely all once filled with enamel. The ring was for one or more chains. (SC Collection)

Image: Reverse of the above fibula. (SC Collection)

Image: Round enamelled plate fibula with ten small round knobs on the circumference. The two rings and the central circle were likely once enamelled. (SC Collection)

Diamond Enameled Plate Fibulae

Typology: fibula, plate fibula

References Böhme 41h; Exner III.1-17; Riha 7.11.14; Feugere 26d1

Dates: c. AD 70/80 - 200. Flourished AD 150 - 200.

Image: Diamond, or rhomboid, enamel plate fibula. The enamel is a very light green today but could have been light green, dark green, yellow, or even blue in ancient times. (SC Collection)

Image: Reverse of the above fibula. Note the taper to the pin. (SC Collection)

Openwork Enameled Plate Fibulae

Typology: fibula, plate fibula

References: Böhme 41u; Exner III.42-51; Genceva 30b

Dates: c. AD 150 - 220

Distribution: Possible origin in Sarmatian Hungary

Symmetrical Enameled Plate Fibulae

Simple Enameled Plate Fibulae

Typology: fibula, plate fibula

References: Böhme 41c, i-m

Dates: c. AD 80 - 150

Includes:

Rosette (Exner III.36)

Star (Exner III.40-41)

Quadrefoil (Exner III.38)

Cruciform (Exner III.39)

Image: Enameled plate fibula in shape of a star. Type Exner III.41. The fibula has been damaged with several circles knocked off. Remains of blue enamel can be seen. Reportedly found in central Europe north of Danube near a Vandal site, though likely dates to 2nd century AD.

Image: Enameled plate fibula in shape of a four arm star. 33x26mm, 5,56g. (Quadrans collection).

Image: Enameled plate fibula (equal-armed plate fibulae) in shape of a rombus. Each corner has a small circle and both ends are symmetrical with three circles. 46x27mm, 6,22g. (Quadrans collection).

Image: A different form of star-shaped enameled plate fibula. (Antiquities and Ancient Art collection.)

Complex Enameled Plate Fibulae

Typology: fibula, plate fibula

References: Böhme 41n-o

Dates: c. AD 125 - 250, flourished 150 - 175

Plate Fibula with Millefiori

Typology: fibula, plate fibula

References: Böhme 41z; Exner III.28-30

Dates: c. 150 - 250

Notes: Plate fibula with inlay of millefiori glass instead of regular enamel. Usually round, sometimes annular.

Gilded Oval with Cabuchon Plate Fibulae

Typology: Genceva 33

References: Genceva 33

Dates: c. AD 200 - 300. Flourished AD 200 - 250. May have started in 2nd c AD.

Distribution: Britain, Germany, middle Danube

Notes: Oval plate fibula with large cabuchon-cut glass or semi-precious stone in centre. A variation has a cameo in the centre instead.

Image: Oval plate fibula which once held a large cabochon glass or semi-precious stone gem in the central oval. (SC Collection)


References

Bohme, A. "Die Fibeln der Kastelle Saalburg und Zugmantel" in Saalburg Jahrbuch, XXIX. (1972).
Bojovic, D. Rimske Fibule Singidunuma. Muzej Grada Beograda Serija - Zbirke i Legati Katalog XII. (Beograd, 1983).
Ettlinger, E. Die römischen Fibeln in der Schweiz. (Bern, 1973).
Exner, K. "Die provinzialrömischen Emailfibeln der Rheinlande" in Bericht der Römisch-Germanischen Kommission, 1941.
Feugere, M. Les fibules en Gaule meridionale de la conquite a la fin du Ve sicle apres J.-C. (Paris, 1985). Available Online
Genceva, E. Les Fibules Romaines de Bulgarie de la fin du 1er s. av. J.-C. à la fin du VIe s. ap. J.-C. (Veliko Trnovo, 2004).PDF
Jobst, W. Die römischen Fibeln aus Lauriacum. (Linz, 1975).
Riha, E. Die römischen Fibeln aus Augst und Kaiseraugst. (1979). PDF
Vaday, A. "Cloisonné brooches in the Sarmatian Barbaricum in the Carpathian Basin" in Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 2003. PDF
Van Buchem, H. De Fibulae Van Nijmegen. (Nijmegen, 1941). PDF