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Fibulae of the Celtic peoples of late Iron Age Europe. These are divided into La Tene phases I, II and III (early, middle and late La Tene), and early Roman era. Though the fibula types were in widespread use across western, central and eastern Europe there were a few regional variations that deserve separate entry, such as the Geto-Dacian group
Van Buchem 13, pl. 2, 1.
References: Van Buchem 13, pl. 2, 1.
Dates: c. 480/400 - 320/200 B.C.Distribution: Culture: Celtic.
Image: Drawing of an Early La Tène fibula, also called La Tène I fibula, or a La Tène A fibula. The foot is turned up and just touches, but does not connect to, the bow. This example has a bilateral spring with four large diameter winds. This example was found in south Wales. The image is from Houlder, C. & W Manning. South Wales, Regional Archaeologies. (1966).
Van Buchem 14 - 15, pl. 2, 2 - 3.
References: Van Buchem 14 -15, pl. 2, 2 - 3.Distribution: Culture: Celtic.
Notes: The foot is bent upwards and is attached (tied) to the bow, often by two little wings or extensions which wrap around the bow. The bend at the end of the foot can be rounded or pointed.
Image: The foot on this La Tene II, or Middle La Tene, fibula bends up at the end and is tied, or clipped, to the bow. The waviness of the middle part of the bow is due to damage during burial and was not part of the design. (SC collection)
Dates: c. 1st c BC
Notes: Has a narrow triangular bow form and a bilateral spring usually with six winds.
Dates: La Tene C2 - D1, c. 2nd century BC, used until mid-1st century BC.
Description: Wide diamond shaped bow, often with a groove, and a bilateral spring, usually with six winds.
Distribution: According to Aurel Rustoiu ("Les fibules daciques a ornements anthropomorphes") this type belongs to the Padea-Panagjurskii Celtic culture and originates in the lower Danube region (southern Romania and northern Bulgaria).
Dates: c. 150 - 30/1 BC
References: Riha 1.2
References: Riha 1.3
Jezerine Fibulae (Genceva type I, 1, Jezerine, Croatia, 35 B.C. - 10/20 A.D.) from Genceva, E. Les Fibules Romaines de Bulgarie de la fin du 1er s. av. J.-C. à la fin du VIe s. ap. J.-C. (Veliko Trnovo, 2004
Dates: c. 80 - 150 A.D.
fibulae were always worn in pairs as part of the women's costume, as
numerous grave finds from Belgium show. According to the Belgian grave
inventories (inter alia, with coins Domitian and Trajan) the type
belongs to the 2nd century (Böhme 15, note 59). Outside its central
distribution area in Belgium, the type is often found only in Novaesium
and near Saalburg, also isolated finds at several localities in the
Roman provinces and as an exception - in free Germania.