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Victoriatus Numus

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Victoriatus Numus. These coins consist of the double Victoriat, the Victoriat, and the half Victoriat, and have for type on the obverse the head of Jupiter, and on the reverse Victory crowning a trophy. The first issue of the Victoriat may be assigned to 228 BC. The Victoriat never bore any mark of its value, but later the half Victoriat alone was marked S on the reverse. It was originally struck at 1/96 of a pound [libra, see Talent], and after the reduction of the other silver pices at 1/112 of a pound. It was never a division of the denarius,as proved by passages where Victoriats are placed side by side with denarii, and it appears to have had its origin in Illyria.

The following is a description of the principal coins of this series. The double Victoriat is unique at the present time, the Victoriat not very common, and the half Victoriat vary rare.

Double Victoriat:

1. Obv: laureate and bearded head of Jupiter to right. Rev: Victory standing right crwning a trophy; in the exergue ROMA; silver.


2. Same types; silver.

3. Same types, but with the word ROMA in incuse; silver.

4. Obv: laureate head of Jupiter right. Rev: Victory to right crowning trophy. In the field V initial of the mint of Luceria [inverted Lambda]; in the exergue ROMA; silver.

5. Same types; in the field of reverse CROT (Croto); in the exergue ROMA; silver. This piece has been attributed to moneyer T. Maecilius Croto and also to Roman mint at Crotona.

6. Same types; in the field of reverse KOP, KORKURA. Attributed to the mint of Corcyra; silver.

7. Same types; in the field of reverse VB (vibo); in the exergue ROMA; silver.

Half Victoriat:

8. Same types, but without mark of value; silver

9. Same types; in the field of the reverse VB (Vibo), and mark of value S; in the exergue ROMA; silver.

The pieces numbers 7 and 9 are attributed to the town of Vibo-Valentia [VB - VALENTIA]

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