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Tetricus II, Gallic Empire, Spring 274 A.D.

Ancient Roman coins of Tetricus II for sale in the Forum Ancient Coins consignment shop.

Tetricus II's father succeeded to the throne of the Gallic empire after the death of Victorinus and made him Caesar in 273 and Augustus in spring 274 A.D. After three years of rule, the power of the separatist state had declined and in 273 A.D. Aurelian invaded. Tetricus I abdicated rather than fight the vastly superior forces of Aurelian. Tetricus II and his father were both honored by Aurelian and they lived quite comfortably in Rome.



Besly, E. & R. Bland. The Cunetio Treasure: Roman Coinage of the Third Century AD. (London, 1983).
Burnett, A. & R. Bland, eds. Coin Hoards from Roman Britain: The Normanby Hoard and Other Roman Coin Hoards. CHRB VIII. (London, 1988).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 6: Macrianus to Diocletian & Maximianus. (Paris, 1886).
De Witte, J. Recherches sur les empereurs qui ont rgn dans les Gaules au IIIe sicle de l're chrtienne. (Lyon, 1868).
Elmer, G. "Die Mnzprgung der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus in Kln, Trier und Mailand." in Bonner Jahrbcher 146 (1941). pp. 1 -106.
Mairat, J. Le monnayage de l'Empire Gaulois. CGB Rome XV. (Fixed Price List, 2004).
Mattingly, H., E.A. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, Part II, Probus to Amandus. (London, 1933).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Schulte, B. Die Goldprgung der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus. Typos IV. (Aarau, 1983).
Schulzki, H. J. Die Antoninianprgung der Gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus. (Bonn, 1996).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Sondermann, S. Neue Aurei, Quinare und Abschlge der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus. (Bonn, 2010).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Weder, M. "Mnzen und Mnzsttten der Gallisch-Rmischen Kaiser, Teil I" in SNR 76 (1997).
Weder, M. "Mnzen und Mnzsttten der Gallisch-Rmischen Kaiser, Teil II" in SNR 77 (1998).
Zschucke, C.-F. Die Bronze-Teilstck-Prgungen der rmischen Mnzsttte Trier. (Trier, 2002).
Zschucke, C.-F. Die rmische Mnzsttte Kln. (Trier, 1993).



Obverse Legends



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Tetricus II

    TETRICVS filius, or junior, as he is commonly called.----Caius Pesuvius Pivesus Tetricus, son of Tetricus I, was very young when his father became emperor in Gaul (A.D. 267). He was soon after named Caesar, and associated with

his father in sovereign power. Possessed of a good figure, of an agreeable countenance, and of high intellectual endowments, this young man reigned as his parents colleague, under circumstances of great promise, until A.D. 272 or 273, when the elder Tetricus thought fit to abdicate, and voluntarily submit himself to Aurelian. Then it was that the son shared the degradation of the sire----walking through the streets of Rome, behind the triumphal car of "Restitutor Orbis," as Aurelian had the oriental presumptuousness to term himself; but who respected neither his own good fame nor the dignity of the senate in thus treating two such distinguished members of that body. However, after this indulgence of his pride as a triumpher, the emperor is said to have behaved towards both those princes as though they had not "fallen from their high estate." The younger Tetricus was re-established in the possessions of his family and admitted to a seat in the senate. Such, indeed, was his conduct, says Beauvais, "that he obtained the friendship of the Romans by making himself useful to everyone; and no man of senatorial rank was more honored than himself by Aurelian and his successors."----His style on coins is PIVESVS TETRICVS CAES.----C. PIVESV. TETRICVS. CAES.----IMP. TETRICVS P. F. AVG.----and CAESAR TETRICVS AVG., as on the small brass (from the cabinet of Mr. Roach Smith) given above. Whether Tetricus the younger remained Caesar only, or whether he also received the title of Augustus is a question which historians appear to have left in doubt, and on which numismatists are not agreed. Referring the reader, who may desire further acquaintance with the pros and cons of the case, to what Banduri has advanced on this point and Eckhel stated in opposition, together with Mionnets comments on both, in his notes on the medals of this young prince (vol. i. p. 83-4), it shall suffice for us here to observe that, with the fact, both historical and numismatic before us, that Tetricus junior was conjoined as IMPERATOR with his father, there is the greatest probability of his having also been proclaimed AVGVSTVS.----And as moreover a gold coin of the younger Tetricus, with the title AVG. has, since Eckhels death, been published as genuine by Mionnet, we should hardly deem it premature to regard the question as already decided; in other words we are of opinion that there exists sufficient proof of Tetricus filius having been styled Augustus as well as Caesar, especially as we find such a conclusion supported by those undoubtedly authentic medals whereon his portrait joined to that of his father is accompanied by IMPP. TETRICII PII. AVGG. for legend of obverse, and by AETERNITAS AVGG. (Augustorum) for legend of reverse.
    The coins of Tetricus II are extremely rare in gold----very rare in base silver, or billon; but very common in small brass.
    The pieces of this prince, of Roman die, were coined in Gaul, as were those of his father.----"A great many medals of the two Tetrici are found (says Beauvais) with their legends and types disfigured by the coarseness of their fabric, and the ignorance of the workmen.

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