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Latin abbreviation: Templum Divi Augusti Restitutum - Temple of the Divine Augustus restored.


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TEMPLVM DIVi AVGusti RESTitutum COS. IIII- A temple with eight columns in front, within which are two figures; also two figures appear in the inter-columniation, and two more on the steps of the building.—This legend and type are found on gold, silver, and first brass of Antoninus Pius. There is likewise a silver coin of the same Emperor, bearing the same type, but having for legend AEDes DIVI AVG. REST. COS. IIII.
Representations of the temple of Augustus first appear on medals of Tiberius, struck about the year v.c. 787 ; also on coins of Caligula in various years of his reign.—The medals of Pius here quoted were struck in the year of Rome 912 (A.D. 159), and inform us, what history has omitted to mention, viz. : that the temple of Augustus whether fallen into decay from time, or injured from other causes, was restored by the reverential piety of Antoninus Pius. There is every probability that, of the two images which appear within the temple, one is that a Livia (Julia Augusta as she is called on Latin coins), wife of Augustus, for Dion states that divine honours were conferred upon her by her grandson Claudius, who dedicated a statue to her in the temple of Augustus. Eckhel notices, as a circumstance worthy of observation, that this temple offers itself in the present instance under architectural features different from those which distinguish the same temple as exhibited on
coins of Tiberius and of Caligula, above alluded to.- Whether this discrepancy arose from Antoninus having altered the form, in restoring the structure of the temple? or whether it was because the edifice represented on the medal above described was not the same as that typified on the coins of Tiberius and Caligula (for Sex. Rufus, besides the temple of Augustus in the eighth region, mentions another dedicated to the same Emperor in the fourth Region, at Rome) ? or whether the mint masters in depicting the fronts of temples were always faithful to the originals? are questions which our illustrious German numismatists asks without offering any solution of his own.— But it has already been shewn that engravers of imperial medals, both Greek and Roman, were in the habit of taking liberties with architectural details to suit purposes connected with the introduction of figures.  And the truth of the fact, respecting which, in the absence of all historical record, this medal furnishes the clearest proof, remains established in the legend which assigns to Antoninus Pius the honour of having restored, in his fourth consulate, the temple of the deified Augustus.- [see Doct. Num. Vet. vol. vii. p. 25.—See also a passing reference to this coin in p. 12 of this Dictionary ; and the word DEDICATIO.]

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