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Saturninus I

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SATURNINUS (Publius Sempronius) According to Trebellius he was an excellent general under Valerian, and an unwilling usurper of the
purple in the time of Gallienus ; he perished by
the murderous hands of the soldiers who forcibly
elected him. It is uncertain in what region he
performed, for a little while, the part of emperor.

Coins ascribed to him were copied from Goltzius by Mediobarbus and Banduri, but are considered false by Eckhel.

SATURNINUS (Sextus Julius) Vopiscus recounts that he was a general under Probus. He was raised to the rank of Augustus by his soldiers at Alexandria in Egypt around A.D.280 and murdered shortly thereafter.

On his coins, ascribed by Goltzius and Ursinus, he is styled IMP C IVL SATVRNINVS AVG.

The portrait illustrated above is from an aureus of Sextus Julius Saturninus.

SATURNINUS If an AE3 coin described by Banduri is regarded to be genuine, there was a third Saturninus, who was recognised as emperor in some remote province of the Roman Empire. The coin in question bears on its obverse a radiate head, with the inscription IMP CAE SATVRNINVS AV. The reverse is of the "soldier spearing fallen horseman " type with the legend FEL TEMP REPARATIO and BSIS in the exergue.

Eckhel, in quoting the above, says this coin can belong to neither the Saloninus of Gallienus' reign nor the Saturninus who revolted under Probus because the reverse type was not issued until much later, i.e. in the period of the reigns of Constantius II and Constans. Our authority condemns this coin as a modern (i.e. 19th century) forgery and, by all the historians who have written concerning the period, this third Saturninus is manifestly an unknown personage. Banduri bears witness [Vol.vii. p. 113] that "There are also those who raise doubts as to the authenticity of this coin." Mionnet, too, evidently suspects the genuineness of this coin.


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