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XXI

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SOLI INVCITO

Latin: To Sol (the sun god) the undefeated.


DICTIONARY OF ROMAN COINS



Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.
   SOLI INVICTO.-- The Sun standing, with
right hand raised, and a globe in the left.
   These inscriptions and types occur on silver
and third brass of Gallienus. They are founded
on the very ancient and long-continued belief of
paganism that Apollo, or the Sun, was both the
author and dispeller of pestilence. -- That the
Sun was worshipped with the epithet of Invictus
is attested by numerous marbles ; so also the
Emperor Julian, in one of his orations, says --
" Ultimo mense, qui Saturni est, splendidissimos
ludos Soli facimus, festum illud SOLI INVICTO
nuncupantes."

   Pegasus, as the companion of the Muses
readily applies to Apollo, "unless indeed (says
Eckhel) it may be more correctly considered as
one of the horses of the Sun, to which wings
are added for the purpose of signifying velocity.
-- What appertains to the figure of an ox, Homer
(in the Odyssey) commemorates the oxen of the
Sun grazing
. Strabo alludes to the bull Mnevis
consecrated to the Sun at Heliopolis in Egypt.
Inscriptions on marbles are adressed DEO SOLI
INVICTO MITHRAE.

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