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Aes Grave
Aes Rude
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
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Anonymous Folles
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Antioch Officinae
Armenian Numismatics Page
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A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Clashed Dies
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Danubian Celts
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denarii of Otho
Diameter 101
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC - Rarity Tables
Etruscan Alphabet
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Gallienus Zoo
Greek Alphabet
Greek Coins
Greek Dates
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Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Hasmonean Dynasty
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Historia Numorum
Horse Harnesses
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Julian II: The Beard and the Bull
Julius Caesar - The Funeral Speech
Kushan Coins
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Latin Plurals
Latin Pronunciation
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Malloy Weapons
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
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Museum Collections Available Online
Nabataean Alphabet
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The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
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Parthian Coins
Patina 101
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Militaria
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Rome and China
Satyrs and Nymphs
Serdi Celts
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Statuary Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
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Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax
The Temple Tax Hoard
Test Cut
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
Venus Cloacina
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
Widow's Mite

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Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.
figure, clothed in the stola, stands holding in
the right hand a patera over an altar, as in the
act of sacrificing. -- On silver and bronze of
   At the period of his being elected emperor,
the son of Somias, whose real name was not
Antoninus, but Varius Avitus Bassianus, held
at Emesa, in Syria, the office of the Phoenician
Deity called Elagabalus, or Heliogabalus (which
his coins lead us to believe was the sun.) -- The
present is one of a set consisting of six or seven
coins (all struck A.D. 219), which bear witness
to the insane devotion of this wretched youth
for his favourite divinity ; of which he brought
to Rome both the worship and the idol (the
latter being a large black coloured stone of a
conical form) ; and built a temple, where he
himself exercised the priestly office. Herodianus,
speaking of him and his cousin Alexander, says,
they were both high priests of the Sun, which
the people of the country chiefly worshipped
under the Phoenician name of Elagabalus. So
when he had brought his oriental tutelary to
Rome, and adored him in preference to others, he
himself always adopted the title of the God, of
whom he was called Summus et Invictus
. -- see Elagabalus.
   The medals convey but a faint idea of the
extravagant veneration which this half madman,
half monster, paid to the symbol of the Deity,
whose barbaric apellative has remained a nickname
to the execrable pontiff. -- The star placed
above in the field of the coin, in this and most
others of the emperor in question, signifies Deus
-- the Sun, as an object of Divine worship,
according to the religion of the Phoenicians and
other Asiatic nations. On a marble, in Muratori,
is read Junius Maternus SACER. D. S. HALAGAB.

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