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Latin: Senatus Populusque Romanus - The Senate and the Roman People.


Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.
   S. P. Q. R.   Letters which were used by
the Romans on their coins,    standards,   and
public monuments, to signify Senatus Populusque
. (The Senate and the Roman People). --
These initials appear on several coins of uncertain families.  They stand as an inscription by them-
selves,  with some type or other,  on coins of
Augustus, Galba,  Faustina jun.,  Gallienus, &c.
   S. P. Q. R. --A lion,  on which stands
an eagle, both within a laurel crown. --On
gold of Gallienus, in the Imperial cabinet at
   "It is for the reader to judge (says Eckhel
in reference to this coin) whether it is because
the senate, with its inveterate habit of adulation,
had compared Gallienus to Jupiter and to
Hercules,  that the creature sacred to each of
those deities is here brought forward:  or,
whether it is because the eagle and the lion are
supposed, after a manner, to bear sway, each over
its respective genus of animals, and to give
place to no master--that Gallienus is here
feigned to possess supreme power over the whole
race of mankind, and even over the very
usurpers themselves, who were at that identical
period invading every part of the empire." --
 Doct. Num. Vet. vol. vii. p, 411.
   S. P. Q. R. --These initials likewise exhibit
themselves on numerous medals of the imperial
series in each metal,  from Augustus down to
Constantine the great :  they are found placed
either round the circumference of the coin,
along with some other legend, or in the field of
the coin on a shield, preceding the abbreviated
word CL. V. (Clypeum vovit): or with some other
legend,   as in the following examples : --

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