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RIC VII

Bruun, P. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. VII, Constantine and Licinius A.D. 313 - 337. (London, 1966).

The primary reference for Roman imperial coins of Constantine and Licinius. Pages i - xxxii and 1 - 778, 24 plates.

Rarity Ratings

C3: [Common] more than 41 coins known [to the writers when the book was written]
C2: [Common] 31-40 coins known [to the writers when the book was written]
C1: [Common] 22-30 coins known [to the writers when the book was written]
S: [Scarce] 16-21 coins known [to the writers when the book was written]
R1: [Rare] 11-15 coins known [to the writers when the book was written]
R2: [Rare] 7-10 coins known [to the writers when the book was written]
R3: [Rare] 4-6 coins known [to the writers when the book was written]
R4: [Very Rare] 2-3 coins known [to the writers when the book was written]
R5: Unique [only one in the collections examined]

Obverse Busts

(The busts are turned right unless otherwise stated. A bust turned left is indicated by the letter 'l.' added to the corresponding obv. symbol)

(i) Plain busts

(A) bare-headed
   A1 head bare
   A2 head bare, dr., cuir., seen from back
   A3 head bare, dr.; cuir., bust facing
   A4 head bare, dr., cuir.
   A5 head bare, cuir.
   A6 head bare, waved hair, mantled (Fausta)
   A7 head hare, hut intertwined plaits encircling head, plaits decorated with hair-pins, mantled with necklace (Constantia)

(B) laureate
   B1 head laur.
   B2 head laur., looking upwards
   B3 bust laur., dr., cuir., seen from back
   B4 bust laur., dr., cuir.
   B5 bust laur., cuir.
   B6 bust laur., wearing trabea

(C) radiate
   C1 head rad.
   C2 bust rad., dr., cuir., seen' from back
   C3 bust rad., dr., cuir.
   C4 bust rad., cuir.

(D) helmeted
   D1 helmeted, dr., cuir.
   D2 helmeted, cuir.
   D3 helmeted, wearing imperial cloak (Urbs Roma)
   D4 helmet with plume, wearing imperial cloak (Urbs Roma)
   D5 laur. helmet, dr., cuir.
   D6 laur. helmet, cuir.
   D7 high-crested helmet (bowl-shaped), cuir.

(E) diademed
   E1 head with plain diadem
   E2 head with rosette-diadem
   E3 head with pearl-diadem
   E4 head with plain diadem, looking upwards
   E5 head with rosette-diadem, looking upwards
   E6 head with pearl-diadem, looking upwards
   E7 plain diadem, dr., cuir. bust
   E8 rosette-diadem, dr., cuir. bust
   E9 pearl-diadem, dr., cuir. bust
   E10 diademed, mantled, with necklace (Helena)
   E11 double pearl diadem with forehead jewel on plait encircling head, mantled with necklace (Helena)

(F) veiled
  F1 head veiled and laur.

(ii) Busts with adjuncts

(G) laur. with spear and/or shield (also either together or with other adjuncts)
   G1 dr., spear across r. shoulder
   G2 cuir., spear across r. shoulder
   G3 dr. with shield
   G4 cuir. with shield
   G5 cuir., spear across r. shoulder, shield on 1. arm
   G6 head r., bust cuir ., facing, spear across r. shoulder, shield on I. arm
   G7 heroic (nude) bust, spear pointing forward, shield on 1. arm
   G8 cuir. with spear pointing forward, shield on 1. arm
   G9 cuir. with spear pointing forward, shield on r. arm
   G10 dr., cuir. with spear pointing forward, globe in 1. hand
   G11 cuir ., spear across 1. shoulder, holding horse by bridle with 1. hand
   G12 cuir., shield on]. arm, holding horse by bridle with 1. hand
   G13 cuir., spear and shield on 1. arm, holding horse br bridle with 1. hand
   G14 cuir., two arrows in r. hand, one in 1. hand, shield on 1. arm

(H) helmeted with spear and/or shield
   H1 cuir., spear across r. shoulder
   H2 cuir., spear across r. shoulder, shield on 1. arm
   H3 cuir., spear across 1. shoulder, shield
   H4 cuir., spear pointing forward, shield
   H5 dr., spear on 1. arm, holding horse by bridle with r. hand
   H6 laur. helmet, cuir., spear across r. shoulder, shield on 1. arm
   H7 laur. helmet, dr., spear pointing forward, shield on 1. arm
   HS laur. helmet, cuir., spear pointing forward, shield on 1. arm
   H9 laur. helmet, cuir., shield on 1. shoulder, Victory on globe in r. hand
   H10 laur. helmet, cuir., spear across r. shoulder, shield on 1. arm, holding horse by bridle
   H11 high-crested helmet, cuir., spear across r. shoulder
   H12 high-crested helmet, cuir., spear across r. shoulder, shield on 1. arm
   H13 high-crested helmet, cuir., three-quarters facing, holding horse by bridle with r. hand, reversed spear on 1. arm
   H14 high-crested helmet, cuir., three-quarters facing, reversed spear across r. shoulder, shield on 1. arm

(I) with Victory on globe
   I1 laur., dr., Victory on globe in r. hand, mappa in 1. hand
   I2 laur., dr., Victory on globe in r. hand, sceptre in 1. hand1
   I3 laur., dr., cuir., Victory on globe in r. hand, spear across r. shoulder
   I4 laur., dr., cuir., Victory on globe in 1. hand, spear pointing forward in r. hand
   I5 laur., cuir., spear across 1. shoulder, shield, Victory on globe in 1. hand
   I6 rad., with trabea, Victory on globe in r. hand
   I7 head with nimbus, bust three-quarters facing, wearing trabea, Victory on globe in r. hand, sceptre in 1. hand2
   I8 diademed, dr., cuir., Victory on globe in r. hand
   I9 high-crested helmet, cuir., Victory on globe in r. hand
   I10 laur., dr., cuir., Victory on globe in I. hand, raising r. hand

(J) with globe, sceptre, and/or mappa
   J1 laur., dr., globe, sceptre in I. hand, mappa in r. hand
   J2 laur., cuir., mappa in 1. hand
   J3 laur., dr., cuir., mappa in raised r. hand, sceptre across I. shoulder

(K) consular
   K1 laur., wearing trabea
   K2 laur., cuir., eagle-tipped sceptre in r. hand
   K3 laur., wearing trabea, eagle-tipped sceptre in r. hand
   K4 laur., wearing trabea, eagle-tipped sceptre in r. hand, globe
   K5 rad., wearing trabea, eagle-tipped sceptre in r. hand
   K6 helmeted, cuir., eagle-tipped sceptre in r. hand
   K7 diademed, wearing trabea, eagle-tipped sceptre in r. hand

(L) showing imperatorial gestus (raising hand, holding globe)
   L1 laur., dr., cuir., raising r. hand
   L2 laur., cuir., raising r. hand
   L3 laur., dr., cuir., raising r. hand, globe in I. hand
   L4 rad., cuir., raising r. hand, globe in I. hand
   L5 rad., wearing trabea, raising r. hand, globe in 1. hand
   L6 nimbate bust, facing, dr., cuir., raising r. hand, globe in I. hand3
   L7 helmeted, cuir., raising r. hand
   L8 diademed, dr., cuir., raising r. hand, globe in 1. hand

(M) with globe
   M1 laur., cuir., with globe
   M2 laur., wearing trabea, holding globe
   M3 high-crested helmet, wearing trabea, holding globe

(N) helmeted with reversed spear (Constantinopolis)
   N1 laur. helmet, wearing imperial cloak, reversed spear
   N2 helmet with pearl diadem, wearing imperial cloak, reversed spear4

1 The busts I1 and I2 are probably identical. The object in the I. hand, frequently described as sceptre or sword handle, is probably a mappa.
2 Same as Q3.
3 Same as Q2.
4 The pearl diadem is not a diadem proper, but is the result of the technique of engraving the laurel wreath, particularly at Cyzicus.

Table of Contents (partial)

Catalogue of Coins With Introductions to the Mints
London                  92
Lyons                   117
Trier                     143
Arles                    226
Rome                   280
Ticinum                349
Aquileia               388
Siscia                  411
Sirmium               462
Serdica               478
Thessalonica       481
Heraclea             532
Constantinople   562
Nicomedia           591
Cyzicus               636
Antioch               661
Alexandria          698

Addenda and Corrigenda 713
Index of Obverse Legends 721
Index of Reverse Legends and Types 728
General Index 765
Plates