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Prokopov Silver

Prokopov, I. S. The Silver Coinage of the Macedonian Regions, 2nd 1st century BC. (Wetteren, 2012).



322 pages.

Prokopov Rarity

U - unique
RRR - extremely rare
RR - very rare
R - rare
S - limited number (scarce)
FF - frequent number (common)
F - (very common)

Coinage of Roman Protectorate - The Four Macedonian Regions

Ancient Coins from Roman Macedonia for sale in the Forum Ancient Coins Shop

After the Romans defeated of Perseus, the last king of Macedon, at the battle of Pydna in 168 B.C., Macedonia was divided into four autonomous administrative regions. To weaken the power of the area and increase dependence on the empire, Rome took control of the mines and forests, demanded half of all taxes collected and banned trade between the regions. It was not until ten years later (B.C. 158) that the right of coining silver money was conceded to the regions by the Senate. Between 158 and 148 B.C. the first (PROTES) region minted a large number of tetradrachms at its capital, Amphipolis. The second (DEUTERAS) region minted a small number of very rare tetradrachm at Thessalonica. The third region, its capital at Pella, and the fourth region, its capital at Herakleia Lynkestis, did not issue silver. These four divisions were dissolved in B.C. 148, when the country was finally constituted a Roman Province. Silver coinage was not struck for another half century, however, bronze coins were issued by governors, praetors, quaestors and individual cities. In 93 B.C., silver coinage resumed, the most prolific issue was that of the quaestor Aesillas. Macedonian cities continued to issue coinage in imperial times, some without the imperial bust.

B.C. 158-149.
Head of Zeus, or perhaps Poseidon, wearing oak-wreath. [Gaebler, AMNG III, Taf. II. 1.] ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ ΠΡΩΤΗΣ Artemis Tauropolos with two torches, riding on bull, with fillet over its head.
AR Attic Tetradrachm

Only two specimens of this earliest coin of the first region of Macedon are known, one in Berlin and the other in Naples.

Arranged by Prokopov Groups /Emissions

First Region    Amphipolis        1 - 812

coin image
FIG. 151.

Macedonian shield, in center of which, bust of Artemis right, bow and quiver on shoulder behind; rim ornamented with alternating star in crescent and groups of three pellets
ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΩΝ ΠΡΩΤΗΣ Club in oak-wreath, one, two or three monograms, adjunct symbol in margin left, most commonly a thunderbolt (Fig. 151).


Prokopov Silver 1 - 812; BMC Macedonia pp. 7-8, 1-8; AMNG III.1 pp. 53-59, 156-180; SNG Ashmolean ; SNG Delepierre 1069 - 1073; SNG Saroglos 974 - 977; SNG Soutzos 353 - 354; McClean 3706 - 3708; HGC 3 1103

MACEONN ΠPTHΣ

Group     1A          1 - 143         174/3 - 158 B.C.
   
1. Dolphin / NK; Prokopov Silver 1 (Rarity: U); HGC 3.1 -; et al. -
2. Dolphin / ΠΦY; Prokopov Silver 2 (Rarity: U); HGC 3.1 -; et al. -
3. Plow / TYM - KAE - EP; Prokopov Silver 3 (Rarity: U); HGC 3.1 -; et al. -
4. Star or Winged Thunderbolt / ΠΩYA; Prokopov Silver 4 (Rarity: U); HGC 3.1 1103; BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
5. Trident / TYM - KAE - Ξ (5); Prokopov Silver 5 (Rarity: U); HGC 3.1 1103; BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
6. Winged Thunderbolt / TYM(Ω) - KAE - E
; Prokopov Silver 6 - 9 (Rarity: RRR); HGC 3.1 1103; BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
7. Trident / TYM
(Ω) - KAE - E; Prokopov Silver 10 -13 (Rarity: RRR); HGC 3.1 -; et al. -
8. Thunderbolt / TYM - KAE - E
; Prokopov Silver 14 (Rarity: RRR); AMNG III.1 p. 57, 175; HGC 3.1 1103, BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
9. Thunderbolt / AΘ - XAE - E
; Prokopov Silver 15-22 (Rarity: RRR - RR); SNG Ashmolean 3294; AMNG III.1 p. 56, 168; HGC 3 1103; BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
10. Winged Thunderbolt / AΘ - XAE (or KE) - E
; Prokopov Silver 23-25, 27 (Rarity: RRR - RR); AMNG III.1 p. 56, 168; HGC 3.1 1103; BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
11. Thunderbolt / AΘ - XAE - E
; Prokopov Silver 26, 28-34 (Rarity: RRR - RR); AMNG III.1 p. 56, 168; HGC 3.1 1103, BMC Macedonia -
12. Winged Thunderbolt / ΠΩΣ; Prokopov Silver 35-37 (Rarity RR); AMNG III.1 p. 55, 163; HGC 3.1 1103; SNG Delepierre 1073; BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
13. Thunderbolt / ΠΩΣ; Prokopov Silver 38-46 (Rarity: RR); AMNG III.1 p. 55, 163; HGC 3.1 1103; BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
14. Star / A - AI; Prokopov Silver 47-49, 50 (Rarity: RRR); AMNG III p. 54, 157; HGC 3.1 1103, BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
15. Star / AI - A; Prokopov Silver 49, 51-52 (Rarity: RRR); AMNG III p. 53, 156; HGC 3.1 1103; BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
16. Winged Thunderbolt / HP - N, - N; Prokopov Silver 53-69, 72, 76-78, 84 (Rarity: RR - R); BMC Macedonia p. 7, 4; AMNG III.1 p. 56, 167; HGC 3 1103; SNG Cop -; et al. -
17. Thunderbolt / HP - N, - N; Prokopov Silver 70, 73-75, 79-83, 85-89, 91) (Rarity: RR); AMNG III.1 p. 56, 167; McClean 3707; HGC 3.1 1103; BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
18. Thunderbolt / N - HP, N - ; Prokopov Silver 90 (Rarity: RRR+); AMNG III.1 p. 55, 166; HGC 3.1 1103; BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
19. Thunderbolt / HP, ; Prokopov Silver 92-101 (Rarity: RR); SNG Delepierre 1072; AMNG III.1 p. 55, 162; HGC 3.1 1103; BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
20. Thunderbolt / HP - NAK; Prokopov Silver 102-108 (Rarity: RR); AMNG III.1 p. 55, 165; HGC 3.1 1103; BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
21. Thunderbolt / NAK - HP; Prokopov Silver 109-115 (Rarity: RR); AMNG III.1 p. 55, 164; HGC 3.1 1103; BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
22. Thunderbolt / AP - ΣP - HP ; Prokopov Silver 116-117, 120-121, 123-124 (Rarity: RRR); SNG Cop 1312; SNG Saroglos 974; SNG Ashmolean 3295; AMNG III.1 p. 56, 170; HGC 3.1 1103, BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
23. Thunderbolt / AP - HP - Σ
- - ; Prokopov Silver 118-119, 122 (Rarity: RRR); BMC Macedonia p. 7, 3; AMNG III.1 p. 56, 169; HGC 3.1 1103; SNG Cop -; et al. -
24. Thunderbolt / ΠPE - ΠAP - EP
; Prokopov Silver 125-126 (Rarity: RR); AMNG III.1 p. 57, 173; HGC 3.1 1103; BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
25. Thunderbolt / ΠEP or ΠPE - EP - ΠAP
; Prokopov Silver 127-143 (Rarity: U - RR); AMNG III.1 p. 56, 171 - 172; HGC 3.1 1103; BMC Macedonia -; et al. -

Group     1B          144 - 212     158 - 148 B.C.     All Thunderbolt / AP
26. Thunderbolt / AP, , (144-212); SNG Cop 1310 - 1311; SNG Ashmolean 3290 ff.; AMNG III.1 p. 54, 159-160; BMC Macedonia p. 7, 2; McClean 3706, pl.138, 1; HGC 3.1 1103

Group    2A          213 - 556     158 - 148 B.C.     All Thunderbolt / ΣHYP - TKP or TKI - ___,  or - ___
1. Thunderbolt / ΣHY∆P - TKP - TYOME, - ; Prokopov Silver 213-214; HGC 3.1 1103, BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
2. Thunderbolt / ΣHY∆P - TKP - TYME, - ; Prokopov Silver 215-217, 219-228, 230-238, 256, 271, 273, 289, 308, 347, 359, 361-362, 367-369, 372, 391, 419, 534-535; SNG Soutzos 354; AMNG III.1 p. 58, 177 & 179; HGC 3.1 1103, BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
3. Thunderbolt / ΣHY∆P - TKP - TYPME, ; Prokopov Silver 229, 239-253, 255, 258-270, 279, 281-286, 290-296, 300-307, 309-311, 313-328, 330-346, 348-356, 358, 360, 363-366, 370-371, 373-390, 392-418, 420-466, 478-486, 488-495, 506, 531-532, 536-540, 547-555; SNG Ashmolean 3297 - 3298; SNG Saroglos 975 - 976; SNG Delepierre 1069 - 1070; BMC Macedonia p. 8, 7; AMNG III.1 p. 57, 176; McClean 3708, pl. 138, 3; HGC 3.1 1103; SNG Cop -; et al. -
4. Thunderbolt / ΣHY∆P - TKP - MYE, - ; Prokopov Silver 218; BMC Macedonia p. 8, 6; HGC 3.1 1103; et al. -
5. Thunderbolt / ΣHY∆P - TKP - TME , - ; Prokopov Silver 254, 467-472; BMC Macedonia p. 8, 8; HGC 3.1 1103; SNG Cop -; et al. -
6.
Thunderbolt / ΣHY∆P - TKP - MYPE, - ; Prokopov Silver 257; HGC 3.1 1103; BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
7.
Thunderbolt / ΣHY∆P - TKP - MYPTE, - ; Prokopov Silver 274-278, 280, 287-288, 297-298, 312, 329, 474, 476-477; HGC 3.1 1103; BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
8.
Thunderbolt / ΣHY∆P - TKP - MYPE; - ; Prokopov Silver 299; SNG Saroglos 977; SNG Ashmolean 3296; HGC 3.1 1103, BMC Macedonia -, et al. -
9.
Thunderbolt / ΣHY∆P - TKP - MTE, - ; Prokopov Silver 473, 475, 496, 541, 543, 545; HGC 3.1 1103; BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
10. Thunderbolt / ΣHY∆P - TKP - MYTE, - ; Prokopov Silver 498-505, 511-530, 542, 544, 556; AMNG III.1 p. 58, 178 & p. 59, 180; HGC 3.1 1103; BMC Macedonia -; et al. -
11. Thunderbolt / ΣHY∆P - TKP - TME, - ; Prokopov Silver 487; SNG Delepierre 1071; AMNG III.1 p. 58, 179.9; HGC 3.1 1103, BMC Macedonia -
12. Thunderbolt / ΣHY∆P - TKI - MYPE, - - ; Prokopov Silver 509; HGC 3.1 1103, BMC Macedonia -
13. Thunderbolt / ΣHY∆P - TKI - MYE, - - ; Prokopov Silver 510; BMC Macedonia p. 8, 8; HGC 3.1 1103
14. Thunderbolt / ΣHY∆P - TKP - TYPHME, - ; Prokopov Silver 533; HGC 3.1 1103, BMC Macedonia -
15. Thunderbolt / ΣHY∆P - TKP - TΠME
, - ; Prokopov Silver 546; HGC 3.1 1103, BMC Macedonia -

Group    2B          557 - 609     158 - 148 B.C.    
16. Thunderbolt / AP ; Prokopov Silver 557-558, 561-609; SNG Ashmolean 3290 - 391; SNG Cop 1310 - 1311; SNG Soutzos 353, AMNG III.1 p. 54, 159 - 160; BMC Macedonia p. 7, 2; HGC 3.1 1103
17. Thunderbolt / AYP ; Prokopov Silver 559-560; BMC Macedonia p. 7, 1; AMNG III.1 p. 55, 161; HGC 3.1 1103

Group    3            610 - 745     149 - 148 B.C.
1. Thunderbolt / AP ; Prokopov Silver 612, 618-711, 723-724, 733-737, 739 - 744 (Rarity: S); SNG Ashmolean 3292; SNG Cop 1310 - 1311; SNG Soutzos 353, AMNG III.1 p. 54, 159 - 160; BMC Macedonia p. 7, 2; HGC 3.1 1103
1. Thunderbolt / AYP ; Prokopov Silver 610-611, 613-617, 712-722, 725-732, 738, 745 (Rarity: S); CCCHBulg II 171; BMC Macedonia p. 7, 1; AMNG III.1 p. 55, 161; HGC 3.1 1103

Imitations                 Prokopov Silver 746 - 812; AMNG III.1 p. 59, 181 - 184

2nd Region       Thessalonica       813 - 824

MACEONN EYTEPAΣ, 167/158 - 149 B.C., Prokopov Silver 813 - 824; BMC Macedonia, p. 8, 9; AMNG III.1 p. 69, 185 - 186; Jameson 1993; HGC 3.1 1104 (R2)



Macedonia a Roman Province. In B.C. 149 a pretender, by name Andriscus, who claimed to be grandson of Philip V, was, for a short time, successful in raising a revolt against Roman domination, and in defeating the Praetor P. Juventius Thalna. The Praetor, in B.C. 149, before his defeat, issued a few coins, through his LEGatus pro quaestore, as follows:

coin image

LEG MACEONN, c. 148 - 147 B.C., Prokopov Silver 825 - 843; SNG Saroglos 978 - 979; SNG Delepierre 1074; MacKay 1 - 17; AMNG III.1 pp. 62 - 63, 188 - 194; McClean 3710, pl. 138, 5; HGC 3.1 1105 (S); BMC Macedonia -

On the defeat of the Romans by Andriscus these coins were restruck with the omission of LEG and of the hand holding the olive-branch, θαλλος, probably the signet of Thalna (Z. f. N., xxiii. p. 150).

Andriscus, B.C. 149-148, now claimed openly the throne of Macedon, adopted the name and title of his presumptive grandfather, and struck tetradrachms distinguishable only by style, and by a youthful instead of a bearded head on the obverse, from those of Philip V (Z. f. N., xxiii. p. 153).

Macedonian shield with, in center, a head of the young Philip Andriscus without heard, wearing winged helmet of hero Perseus, ending at top in griffin's head. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ Club of thicker and clumsier make than on coins of Philip V. No monograms or symbol. The whole in oak-wreath.
MACEONN, c. 148 - 147 B.C., Prokopov Silver 844 - 847; AMNG III.1 pp. 63 - 64, 195 - 196a; McClean 3711, pl. 138, 6; HGC 3.1 1106 (R2); BMC Macedonia -

4th Region       Herakleia Lynkestis      1 - 3

MACEONN TETAPTHΣ, Bronze, Zeus / club in wreath, c. 167 - 149 B.C.; Prokopov Silver table 74, 1-3; SNG Cop 1316; SNG Soutzos 355; BMC Macedonia, p. 8, 10; AMNG III.1 p. 61, 187 - 188; McClean 3709; HGC 3.1 1109 (R1)







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