- The Collaborative Numismatics Project
  Explore Our Website And Find Joy In The History, Numismatics, Art, Mythology, And Geography Of Coins!!! NumisWiki Is An Enormous Unique Resource Including Hundreds Of Books And Thousands Of Articles Online!!! The Column On The Left Includes Our "Best of NumisWiki" Menu If You Are New To Collecting - Start With Ancient Coin Collecting 101 NumisWiki Includes The Encyclopedia of Roman Coins and Historia Nummorum If You Have Written A Numismatic Article - Please Add It To NumisWiki All Blue Text On The Website Is Linked - Keep Clicking To ENDLESSLY EXPLORE!!! Please Visit Our Shop And Find A Coin You Love Today!!!

× Resources Home
New Articles
Most Popular
Recent Changes
Current Projects
Admin Discussions
How to
Index Of All Titles


Aes Formatum
Aes Grave
Aes Rude
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Pottery
Ancient Weapons
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Folles
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Antioch Officinae
Armenian Numismatics Page
Augustus - Facing Portrait
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Clashed Dies
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Danubian Celts
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denarii of Otho
Diameter 101
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC - Rarity Tables
Etruscan Alphabet
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Gallienus Zoo
Greek Alphabet
Greek Coins
Greek Dates
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Hasmonean Dynasty
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Historia Numorum
Holy Land Antiquities
Horse Harnesses
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Julian II: The Beard and the Bull
Julius Caesar - The Funeral Speech
Kushan Coins
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Latin Plurals
Latin Pronunciation
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Malloy Weapons
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
Mint Marks
Museum Collections Available Online
Nabataean Alphabet
Nabataean Numerals
The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
Numismatic German
Numismatic Italian
Numismatic Spanish
Parthian Coins
Patina 101
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Paleo-Hebrew Script Styles
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Locks
Roman Militaria
Roman Military Belts
Roman Mints
Roman Names
Rome and China
Satyrs and Nymphs
Serdi Celts
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Statuary Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Syracusian Folles
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax
The Temple Tax Hoard
Test Cut
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
Venus Cloacina
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
Widow's Mite

   View Menu

Postumus, Gallic Empire, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

Ancient Roman coins of Postumus for sale in the Forum Ancient Coins consignment shop.

Postumus was an incredibly skilled general and administrator. Rebelling against Gallienus, Postumus succeeded in uniting Gaul, Spain, and Britain into what was essentially an empire within an empire. Enjoying tremendous military success against the Germans, he kept his Gallic Empire secure and prosperous. In 268 A.D. he quickly destroyed the forces of the usurper Laelianus, but his refusal to allow his forces to sack Moguntiacum (Mainz, Germany) led to his assassination by disgruntled troops.



Amandry, M. Trsors Montaires, Volume XIII: Recherches sur les monnayages d'imitation tardifs de Postume. (Paris, 1992).
Bastien, P. Le Monnayage de Bronze de Postume. (Wetteren, 1967).
Besly, E. & R. Bland. The Cunetio Treasure: Roman Coinage of the Third Century AD. (London, 1983).
Bourne, R. Aspects of the Relationship between the Central and Gallic Empires in the Mid to Late Third Century AD with Special Reference to Coinage Studies. BAR 963. (Oxford, 2001).
Burnett, A. & R. Bland, eds. Coin Hoards from Roman Britain: The Normanby Hoard and Other Roman Coin Hoards. CHRB VIII. (London, 1988).
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 6: Macrianus to Diocletian & Maximianus. (Paris, 1886).
De Witte, J. Recherches sur les empereurs qui ont rgn dans les Gaules au IIIe sicle de l're chrtienne. (Lyon, 1868).
Drinkwater, J. The Gallic Empire. (Stuttgart, 1987). 
Elmer, G. "Die Mnzprgung der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus in Kln, Trier und Mailand." in Bonner Jahrbcher 146 (1941). pp. 1 - 106.
Gricourt, D. & D. Hollard, "Le Trsor de bronzes romains de Mricourt-l'Abb: recherches sur les monnayages d'imitation tardifs de Postume" in TM XIII.
Lafaurie, J. "L'Empire gaulois. Apport de la numismatique" in Aufstieg und Niedergang der Rmischen Welt II, 2. (Berlin, 1975), pp. 853 - 1012.
Mairat, J. Le monnayage de l'Empire Gaulois. CGB Rome XV. (Fixed Price List, 2004).
Mattingly, H., E.A. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, Part II, Probus to Amandus. (London, 1933).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Schulte, B. Die Goldprgung der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus. Typos IV. (Aarau, 1983).
Schulzki, H. J. Die Antoninianprgung der Gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus. (Bonn, 1996).
Seaby, H.. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Sondermann, S. Neue Aurei, Quinare und Abschlge der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus. (Bonn, 2010).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Weder, M. "Mnzen und Mnzsttten der Gallisch-Rmischen Kaiser, Teil I" in SNR 76 (1997).
Weder, M. "Mnzen und Mnzsttten der Gallisch-Rmischen Kaiser, Teil II" in SNR 77 (1998).
Zschucke, C.-F. Die Bronze-Teilstck-Prgungen der rmischen Mnzsttte Trier. (Trier, 2002).
Zschucke, C.-F. Die rmische Mnzsttte Kln. (Trier, 1993).


Postumus on www.wildwinds.com

Obverse Legends



Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany)
Lugdunum (Lyon, France)
Mediolanum (Milan, Italy under Aureolus)
Treveri (Trier, Germany)


Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.

POSTVMVS (Marcus Cassianus Latinius), born in an obscure village of Gaul, was, on account of his remarkable valor and  other good qualities, appointed by Valerianus to be Praefect of Gaul, and guardian of its frontier against the Germans, whose incursions he also effectively repressed during the first years of Gallienus' reign. That prince had already entrusted to him the care of his son, Saloninus, a mark of confidence which he faithfully repaid, until the year 258, when he assumed the title of Augustus, and all the accustomed honors connected therewith.

The commencement of his usurpation was sullied by an act as cruel as it was traitorous. He caused Saloninus, who had taken refuge in Cologne, to be delivered up to him, and he put him to death with Sylvanus, the youth's preceptor, who had become his enemy. He then established his reign over Gaul, Spain, and Britain, in each of which three provinces the people acknowledged him with joy as their Emperor; whilst he, by his courage and wisdom, defended them from every foe, and, though a usurper, saved the empire from threatened destruction. At the head of the Roam armies in the west, he drove the barbarians beyond the Rhine, and built forts to restrain them.

This Restitutor Galliarum, as he is styled on his coins, having established public tranquillity, not less by the influence of his character for justice, moderation, end sagacity, that by the power of his victorious sword, took the dignity of consul three times, and associated his son Postumus with him in the government, under the title of Caesar and Augustus.

Gallienus having made war upon him with fluctuating success, Postumus took Victorinus, a brave and able general, into colleague-ship; and by their united efforts, in spite of the hostility of the legitimate Emperor, and the numerous tyranni who were tearing the empire to pieces, the provinces were nobly rescued from
the attacks of the barbarous tribes that swarmed on the frontiers. Crowned with success in arms, Postumus reigned with glory and honor over the western provinces, until the period when Laelianus assumed the purple in the city of Mayence. It was after vanquishing this adventure about A.D. 268, that he and his son were assassinated by his own soldiers, instigated by an officer named Lollianus. Thus perished Postumus after a reign, which, rendered alike brilliant by his personal merit and his military talents, caused him justly to be regarded not only as by far the most illustrious of "the thirty tyrants," but also as one whom nature had formed to be a hero, and qualified at once to govern and defend the state.

On the coins of Postumus, which are numerous, especially in base silver, and first and third brass, he is styled IMP POSTVMVS AVG - IMP CAES POSTVMVS P F AVG. - Also IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG, with sometimes
Same pieces of Postumus likewise bear another head, which was for a long time supposed to represent that of his son. (See Postumus junior).

All his coins, though of Roman, die, were struck in the provinces of Gaul, where he reigned as Emperor. His gold coins are of the highest rarity, and one is unique See Akerman's Catalogue.

Junia Donata is conjectured to have been the wife of Postumus, but nothing is known of a princess so named, nor is even her existence proved.  The piece published by Chifflet from a MS. of Goltzius is suspected by Beauvais, and pronounced by Eckhel, Mionnet, and Akerman, to be false.

As the authority of Postumus did not extend over Italy, he was never acknowledged by the Senate of Rome. This circumstance did not, however, deter him from investing himself with the usual titles of legitimate Emperors. He even caused the senatorial mark of S C on many of his brass monies, but not on the greater portion.

His coins generally exhibit the portrait radiated; sometimes, however, crowned with laurel, but more rarely is the head covered with a helmet. A great number of his medals seen to have been, not struck, but cast. Other, evidently re-struck, still retain remains of the impression of preceding emperors and empresses: a circumstance which shows that he hastily re-stamped with his own "image and superscription" a part of the current coin of the empire.

View whole page from the Dictionary Of Roman Coins
All coins are guaranteed for eternity