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Marcus Julius Severus Philip (Philip Junior) was the son of Philip I. He was made Caesar at the age of seven, probably in February or March of 244 A.D. and Augustus at the age of ten. He was killed only two years latter after the forces of Trajan Decius defeated his father.
Also see: ERIC - PHILIP II
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Bland, R. "Dr. Bland's List for Philip I and Family" - http://ettuantiquities.com/Philip_1/Philip1-Bland-list.htm
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Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Muona, J. "The Imperial mints of Philip the Arab" - https://www.forumancientcoins.com/Articles/Philip_Arab/index.html
Óvári, F. "Philippus antiochiai veretu antoninianusairól" in Numizmatikai Közlöny 88/89 (1989/90), pp. 41 - 48.
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Thibaut, M. Antoniniani from the Mint of Antioch Under the Reign of Philip the Arab (244-249 AD) - http://marchal.thibaut.free.fr/e_index.htm
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.
PHILIPPVS (Marcus Julius), junior, the son of Philip and Otacilia, appears to have been seven years old when his father usurped the empire, and immediately proclaimed him Caesar, A.D. 244. The Roman Senate granted to him the title of Nobilissimus, as if to conceal the ignobleness of his Arab sire; although Philip is said to have boasted of his origin from Anchises, and consequent connection with the Julia family.
In 247 the son was associated, as imperii consors, with Philip, who bestowed on this mere child the title of Augustus. The unhappy youth shared the fate of his clever but unprincipled father; and when the latter was, under a just retribution, slain at Verona by his own soldiers his innocent 12-year old son was murdered by the same praetorian banditti, in the very arms of his mother, A.D. 249.
From the period when the younger Philip was declared Augustus and admitted to all the honors of the sovereign power, the reverses of most of the coins both of father and son exhibit similar types.
The coins of Philip junior are numerous, and for the most part common in brass, and also in silver, but are very rare in gold. On them, he is styled M. IVL PHILIPPVS NOBIL CAES or IMP PHILIPPVS P F AVG. Some pieces represent him with Philip senior and Otacilia.