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PROVIDENT S C


     PROVIDENT.S.C.   An altar. - On a second brass coin restored by Vespasian.
     By the old masters of the numismatic science it was thought that this and other coins having on the obverse a radiated head of Augustus, with the inscription DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER, were struck in the life-time of Augustus, and that by the type of the reverse the temple of Janus was represented-that temple being closed in consequence of Caesar having, by his PROVIDENCE, restored peace to the world.  These coins, therefore as Pighius expresses his opinion, were struck in the year of Rome 725.  But the radiated head and legend DIVVS AVGVSTVS on the obverse fully prove that they were struck after that emperor's death ; and that the type of the reverse is not the temple of Janus, is sufficeintly shewn, by that remarkable and unique coin of Julis Caesar above described from Pellerin-a coin very like the one now in question, except that on the obverse is read DIVOS. IVLIVS. CAESAR.  It is known, however, that this Dictator never shut the temple of Janus.- The type, therefore, represents an altar, as not only its form suggests, but as we moreover perceive it must be from the circumstance, of that, on the above-mentioned coin of Julius, being lighted.  There are likewise coins of the Lusitanian colony of Emerita (Merida), which by their great similitude corroborate this opinion.- See EMERITA.
     It appears that the Romans not only inscribed coins, but erected statues to the Providence of the Gods.  In his Thesaurus, entitled Inscriptiones Antique totius orbis Romani, Sc. (1, ii., p. 1075), Gruter, after Boissard, has published a bas-relief, which represents a Goddess crowned with laurel.  She holds in her right hand a kind of baton ; the left hand is wanting : at her feet are seen, on one side, a horn of plenty, and on the other a basket of flowers: on the base we read PROVIDENTIAE DEORVM.






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