The Age of Gallienus
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Class A Folles
Armenian Numismatics Page
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Denarii of Otho
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC - Rarity Tables
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Maps of the Ancient World
Museum Collections Available Online
The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
Numismatic Excellence Award
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Rome and China
Satyrs and Nymphs
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax
The Temple Tax Hoard
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
Latin abbreviation: Praetor.
Latin abbreviation: Pater - Father.
Reference abbreviation: Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale (including the Delepierre collection).
Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.
P. The fifteenth letter of the Latins. - On some very early coins of the Romans its form is somewhat like the (Gamma) of the Greeks. the semicircular part not being complete, as on coins of Minucia and of the Furia families.
P. Is found serving as a mint-mark on the denarii of several Roman families, and appears also on the field and in the exergue of many coins of the Lower Empire. It is sometimes doubled as in Jupiter written JVPPITER.
P. Was occasionally used by the Latins for B, and this not only in the more ancient times but also in later ages, probably from similarity of sound. An instance occurs, so far in the Imperial series of Roman coins, as Antoninus Pius, on a second brass of whose reign is to be observed the word OPSEQVENS, as an epithet to FORTVNA, when according to the ordinary rule of writing, it should be OBSEQVENS.
P. This letter by itself signifies Pater; or Patriae; or Per; or Percussa; or Perpetuus; or Pius; or Pontifex; or Populus; or Posuit; or Praefectus; or Primus; or Princeps; or Provinciae; or Publius; or Publico; &c.
P. Pia. - LEGio V.P.C. Pia Constans. - P. for Pia is also an epithet frequently applied to Roman colonies.
P. Plebis. - TR. P. Tribunus Plebis. A Tribune of the people.
P. Populo, - P.CIR.CON. Populo Circenses Concessit. - P.D. Populo Datum.
P. Potestate. - T.P. or TR.P. Tribunicia Potestate.
P. Praetor. - PRO.P. Pro Praetore.
P. In the vexillum, or cavalry standard, means Principes, or that corps of Roman soldiers which formed their second line in battle array. Thus on certain denarii of the Valeria family the letters H. and P. on the legionary standards signify Principes and Hastati.
P Pro. -
P. Pronepos. - C.OCTAVIVS.C.P. Caii Pronepos.
P. Provincia. A.P. Armenia Provincia.
P. Publicae. - R.P.C. Rei Publicae Constituendae.
P. Publius, a frequent Roman praenomen, both on Family and Imperial coins.